Try our beta test site
IMPORTANT: Listing of a study on this site does not reflect endorsement by the National Institutes of Health. Talk with a trusted healthcare professional before volunteering for a study. Read more...

Alternative Access Approaches for Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replace (TAVR) in Inoperable Patients With Aortic Stenosis (Inop AA)

This study has been completed.
American College of Cardiology
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
The Society of Thoracic Surgeons Identifier:
First received: February 6, 2013
Last updated: April 25, 2016
Last verified: April 2016
Investigational study of Edwards Lifesciences, LLC's "Edwards SAPIEN Transcatheter Heart Valve" for non-femoral delivery, (or alternative access deliver) in patients with severe symptomatic native aortic valve stenosis who have been determined by a cardiac surgeon to be inoperable for open aortic valve replacement and in whom existing co-morbidities would not preclude the expected benefit from correction of the aortic stenosis. Will outcomes observed in a high-risk operable transapical native valve TAVR cohort receiving an Edwards SAPIEN device compare to inoperable patients undergoing alternative access TAVR with the Edwards SAPIEN device experience a reasonably similar incidence of 30 day adverse events?

Condition Intervention
Severe Symptomatic Aortic Stenosis
Device: Edwards SAPIEN Transcatheter Heart Valve

Study Type: Observational
Study Design: Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Prospective
Official Title: Transcatheter Valve Therapy (TVT) Registry Assessment of Alternative Access Approaches for Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement (TAVR) in Inoperable Patients With Severe Aortic Stenosis

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by The Society of Thoracic Surgeons:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events [ Time Frame: 30 day ]
    Increase in the 30-day risk of adverse events among patients receiving TAVR; Modified 30 day Valve Academic Research Consortium (VARC) Composite Early Safety Endpoint

  • Mortality [ Time Frame: 1 year ]
    Proportion of patients who are alive with at least moderate functional improvement (defined as at least 10 point improvement in Kansas City Cardiomyopathy Questionnaire (KCCQ) from baseline) at 1 year after TAVR

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • 30-day endpoints for major morbidity [ Time Frame: 30 day ]
    Endpoints include: mortality, stroke, stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA), major vascular complications, valve-related dysfunction requiring re-intervention, incident renal replacement therapy, life-threatening bleeding, and high-degree aortic valve (AV) block requiring permanent pacemaker implantation

Enrollment: 8
Study Start Date: April 2013
Study Completion Date: March 2015
Primary Completion Date: March 2015 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Groups/Cohorts Assigned Interventions
Inoperable Patients Alternative Access
Non-femoral delivery (or alternative access) in patients iwht severe symptomatic native aortic valve stenosis who have been determined by a cardiac surgeon to be inoperable for open aortic valve replacement and in whom existing co-morbidities would not preclude the expected benefit from correction of the aortic stenosis
Device: Edwards SAPIEN Transcatheter Heart Valve
Non-femoral transcatheter delivery of heart valve

Detailed Description:

Transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) using the Edwards SAPIEN valve and Retroflex 3 delivery system provides both a mortality and quality of life benefit for inoperable patients. Only the transfemoral (TF) access has been approved in the US. A substantial number of patients cannot have a TF approach due to inadequate vessel size, vessel disease, or other anatomical considerations. The pivotal study did not include an assessment of safety and effectiveness of alternative access approaches in this inoperable patient group.

Early approaches to TAVR included a femoral transvenous approach with transseptal access to the left side for delivery of the valve. This approach avoided large bore arterial catheterization, but it had unacceptable rates of complications and lacked reproducibility. Alternative access approaches have been developed because of the risks associated with inserting large caliber catheters into small, diseased femoral arteries often associated with diffuse vasculopathy. To avoid the vascular complications from femoral access, other transcatheter approaches have been developed to include open surgical access to the left ventricular apex (TA), ascending aorta, (TAO), subclavian and axillary arteries (TS), and retroperitoneal access to the iliac artery (TI) as well as distal aorta. In addition to providing TAVR to patients who cannot have TF access, additional advantages include better catheter control and safer closure of the access site. Commonly cited disadvantages include the need for surgical expertise and additional equipment, along with the potential for longer recovery, more incisional pain, greater radiation exposure for operators, unsuitable delivery catheters for alternative access sites, and a host of unique alternative access site complications.

We propose to collectively analyze 30-day safety endpoints as a lumped data group for these alternative access approaches. These data are gathered from clinical practice in real-world settings and submitted to the TVT Registry. It is expected that centers will choose among the various choices for alternative access based the causative factors underlying the need for alternative access, as well as local skill sets and experience. For this lumped data group of alternative access approaches we will compare 30-day safety results to the TA outcomes reported from Cohort A of the PARTNERS 1 trial. We recognize that these TA patients were high risk operable patients rather than inoperable patients, but no other direct comparator group is available. We reason that the TA data from this published clinical trial are high quality, represent an alternative access approach rather than TF, and will provide a frequency of safety endpoints that have been found to be acceptable both clinically and from a regulatory perspective.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Sampling Method:   Non-Probability Sample
Study Population
The study cohort will include all TVT Registry data obtained for inoperable patients age 18 years or older who undergo TAVR for severe aortic stenosis using any non-femoral access approach with an Edwards SAPIEN device between the start date and December 31, 2018

Inclusion Criteria:

  • 18 years or older
  • Primary indication is symptomatic primary severe aortic stenosis predicted to benefit from relief of valvular stenosis
  • Aortic valve area less than 0.8 centimeters squared
  • Mean aortic valve gradient greater than or equal to 40 mmHG
  • Peak aortic jet velocity greater than or equal to 4.0 m per second
  • Valve sheath access site is femoral, axillary, transapical, transaortic, subclavian or subaxillary
  • Patient is judged by the local heart team to be inoperable for Aortic Valve Replacement due to severe chest wall deformities or radiation effects, severe peripheral or aortic vascular disease, or severe systemic disease prohibiting the safe conduct of Cardiopulmonary Bypass (CPB)

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Aortic valve annulus size is less than 18 mm or greater than 25 mm
  • Active infectious endocarditis
  • Valve in prosthetic valve procedure
  • Patients considered by the heart team to be unlikely to receive meaningful or durable clinical benefit from the procedure
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT01787084

Sponsors and Collaborators
The Society of Thoracic Surgeons
American College of Cardiology
Principal Investigator: John D Carroll, MD American College of Cardiology
Principal Investigator: Fred H Edwards, MD Society of Thoracic Surgeons
  More Information

Responsible Party: The Society of Thoracic Surgeons Identifier: NCT01787084     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: TVTR-2012-02
Study First Received: February 6, 2013
Last Updated: April 25, 2016

Keywords provided by The Society of Thoracic Surgeons:
Aortic Stenosis

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Constriction, Pathologic
Aortic Valve Stenosis
Pathological Conditions, Anatomical
Heart Valve Diseases
Heart Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Ventricular Outflow Obstruction processed this record on April 28, 2017