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Prothrombotic Inflammatory Markers in Women With Metabolic Syndrome - Effect of Atorvastatin (PINK)

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01785615
First Posted: February 7, 2013
Last Update Posted: June 7, 2017
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
Collaborator:
Pfizer
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Gladys Velarde, University of Rochester
  Purpose

Little is known regarding the association of individual components of the metabolic syndrome (MBS) and prothrombotic, inflammatory and preclinical cardiac structural and functional markers in women with this syndrome. Less is known about adequate treatment as the pathological mechanism of this syndrome is not well understood.

The purpose of this study is two fold;

  1. To determine basic differences in biochemical and cardiovascular structural markers in women with and those without MBS and their association with the individual components of MBS.
  2. To determine the impact of atorvastatin to lower the risk factors of Metabolic Syndrome. Atorvastatin is one of the most effective drugs approved by the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for the treatment of high cholesterol. It belongs to a class of drugs called statins and its role in primary prevention is still unclear. Thus this population seems to be an ideal group that may benefit from this intervention.

Condition Intervention Phase
Metabolic Syndrome Drug: Atorvastatin Other: Placebo Phase 1 Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double (Participant, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Interactions of Thrombogenic, Lipogenic, and Inflammatory Markers in Women With the Metabolic Syndrome - Effect of Atorvastatin

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Gladys Velarde, University of Rochester:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Mean Low Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol in Blood [ Time Frame: 6 weeks ]
    Approximately 30 ml of blood was collected in two serum (red top), four 3.2% (0.105M) sodium citrate (blue top) Vacutainer® tubes and a syringe at each visit. Collected samples were centrifuged within an hour of collection at 3000xG for 15 minutes at 20°C to obtain platelet-poor plasma and complete serum separation. Each sample was sent to the University of Rochester Clinical Laboratories for testing.

  • Mean Triglycerides in Blood [ Time Frame: 6 weeks ]
    Approximately 30 ml of blood was collected in two serum (red top), four 3.2% (0.105M) sodium citrate (blue top) Vacutainer® tubes and a syringe at each visit. Collected samples were centrifuged within an hour of collection at 3000xG for 15 minutes at 20°C to obtain platelet-poor plasma and complete serum separation. Each sample was sent to the University of Rochester Clinical Laboratories for testing.

  • Mean Apolipoprotein B in Blood [ Time Frame: 6 weeks ]
    Approximately 30 ml of blood was collected in two serum (red top), four 3.2% (0.105M) sodium citrate (blue top) Vacutainer® tubes and a syringe at each visit. Collected samples were centrifuged within an hour of collection at 3000xG for 15 minutes at 20°C to obtain platelet-poor plasma and complete serum separation. Each sample was sent to the University of Rochester Clinical Laboratories for testing.

  • Mean Apolipoprotein B/ Apolipoprotein A1 Ratio in Blood [ Time Frame: 6 weeks ]
    Approximately 30 ml of blood was collected in two serum (red top), four 3.2% (0.105M) sodium citrate (blue top) Vacutainer® tubes and a syringe at each visit. Collected samples were centrifuged within an hour of collection at 3000xG for 15 minutes at 20°C to obtain platelet-poor plasma and complete serum separation. Each sample was sent to the University of Rochester Clinical Laboratories for testing. The ratio of Apo B to Apo A1 ratio was calculated.

  • Mean High Sensitivity C-reactive Protein in Blood [ Time Frame: 6 weeks ]
    Approximately 30 ml of blood was collected in two serum (red top), four 3.2% (0.105M) sodium citrate (blue top) Vacutainer® tubes and a syringe at each visit. Collected samples were centrifuged within an hour of collection at 3000xG for 15 minutes at 20°C to obtain platelet-poor plasma and complete serum separation. Each sample was sent to the University of Rochester Clinical Laboratories for testing. The ratio of Apo B to Apo A1 ratio was calculated

  • Mean Waist Circumference [ Time Frame: 6 weeks ]
    Waist circumference was measured with a ruler tape.

  • Mean Systolic Blood Pressure [ Time Frame: 6 weeks ]
    Measured with a blood pressure cuff

  • Mean Diastolic Blood Pressure [ Time Frame: 6 weeks ]
    Measured with a blood pressure cuff

  • Mean High Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol in Blood [ Time Frame: 6 weeks ]
    Approximately 30 ml of blood was collected in two serum (red top), four 3.2% (0.105M) sodium citrate (blue top) Vacutainer® tubes and a syringe at each visit. Collected samples were centrifuged within an hour of collection at 3000xG for 15 minutes at 20°C to obtain platelet-poor plasma and complete serum separation. Each sample was sent to the University of Rochester Clinical Laboratories for testing.

  • Mean Fasting Plasma Glucose in Blood [ Time Frame: 6 weeks ]
    Approximately 30 ml of blood was collected in two serum (red top), four 3.2% (0.105M) sodium citrate (blue top) Vacutainer® tubes and a syringe at each visit. Collected samples were centrifuged within an hour of collection at 3000xG for 15 minutes at 20°C to obtain platelet-poor plasma and complete serum separation. Each sample was sent to the University of Rochester Clinical Laboratories for testing.

  • Mean Aspartate Aminotransferase in Blood [ Time Frame: 6 weeks ]
    Approximately 30 ml of blood was collected in two serum (red top), four 3.2% (0.105M) sodium citrate (blue top) Vacutainer® tubes and a syringe at each visit. Collected samples were centrifuged within an hour of collection at 3000xG for 15 minutes at 20°C to obtain platelet-poor plasma and complete serum separation. Each sample was sent to the University of Rochester Clinical Laboratories for testing.

  • Mean Alanine Aminotransferase in Blood [ Time Frame: 6 weeks ]
    Approximately 30 ml of blood was collected in two serum (red top), four 3.2% (0.105M) sodium citrate (blue top) Vacutainer® tubes and a syringe at each visit. Collected samples were centrifuged within an hour of collection at 3000xG for 15 minutes at 20°C to obtain platelet-poor plasma and complete serum separation. Each sample was sent to the University of Rochester Clinical Laboratories for testing.

  • Mean Leptin in Blood [ Time Frame: 6 weeks ]
    Approximately 30 ml of blood was collected in two serum (red top), four 3.2% (0.105M) sodium citrate (blue top) Vacutainer® tubes and a syringe at each visit. Collected samples were centrifuged within an hour of collection at 3000xG for 15 minutes at 20°C to obtain platelet-poor plasma and complete serum separation. Each sample was sent to the University of Rochester Clinical Laboratories for testing.

  • Mean Soluble Intercellular Adhesion Molecule in Blood [ Time Frame: 6 weeks ]
    Approximately 30 ml of blood was collected in two serum (red top), four 3.2% (0.105M) sodium citrate (blue top) Vacutainer® tubes and a syringe at each visit. Collected samples were centrifuged within an hour of collection at 3000xG for 15 minutes at 20°C to obtain platelet-poor plasma and complete serum separation. Each sample was sent to the University of Rochester Clinical Laboratories for testing.

  • Mean Soluble Vascular Adhesion Molecule in Blood [ Time Frame: 6 weeks ]
    Approximately 30 ml of blood was collected in two serum (red top), four 3.2% (0.105M) sodium citrate (blue top) Vacutainer® tubes and a syringe at each visit. Collected samples were centrifuged within an hour of collection at 3000xG for 15 minutes at 20°C to obtain platelet-poor plasma and complete serum separation. Each sample was sent to the University of Rochester Clinical Laboratories for testing.

  • Mean Plasminogen Activator Inhibitor-1 in Blood [ Time Frame: 6 weeks ]
    Approximately 30 ml of blood was collected in two serum (red top), four 3.2% (0.105M) sodium citrate (blue top) Vacutainer® tubes and a syringe at each visit. Collected samples were centrifuged within an hour of collection at 3000xG for 15 minutes at 20°C to obtain platelet-poor plasma and complete serum separation. Each sample was sent to the University of Rochester Clinical Laboratories for testing.

  • Mean Myeloperoxidase in Blood [ Time Frame: 6 weeks ]
    Approximately 30 ml of blood was collected in two serum (red top), four 3.2% (0.105M) sodium citrate (blue top) Vacutainer® tubes and a syringe at each visit. Collected samples were centrifuged within an hour of collection at 3000xG for 15 minutes at 20°C to obtain platelet-poor plasma and complete serum separation. Each sample was sent to the University of Rochester Clinical Laboratories for testing.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Mean Waist Circumference [ Time Frame: week 0 ]
    Waist circumference was measured with a ruler tape.

  • Mean Low Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol in Blood [ Time Frame: 0 weeks ]
    Approximately 30 ml of blood was collected in two serum (red top), four 3.2% (0.105M) sodium citrate (blue top) Vacutainer® tubes and a syringe at each visit. Collected samples were centrifuged within an hour of collection at 3000xG for 15 minutes at 20°C to obtain platelet-poor plasma and complete serum separation. Each sample was sent to the University of Rochester Clinical Laboratories for testing.

  • Mean Triglycerides in Blood [ Time Frame: 0 weeks ]
    Approximately 30 ml of blood was collected in two serum (red top), four 3.2% (0.105M) sodium citrate (blue top) Vacutainer® tubes and a syringe at each visit. Collected samples were centrifuged within an hour of collection at 3000xG for 15 minutes at 20°C to obtain platelet-poor plasma and complete serum separation. Each sample was sent to the University of Rochester Clinical Laboratories for testing.

  • Mean Myeloperoxidase in Blood [ Time Frame: 0 weeks ]
    Approximately 30 ml of blood was collected in two serum (red top), four 3.2% (0.105M) sodium citrate (blue top) Vacutainer® tubes and a syringe at each visit. Collected samples were centrifuged within an hour of collection at 3000xG for 15 minutes at 20°C to obtain platelet-poor plasma and complete serum separation. Each sample was sent to the University of Rochester Clinical Laboratories for testing.

  • Mean Fasting Blood Glucose in Blood [ Time Frame: 0 weeks ]
    Approximately 30 ml of blood was collected in two serum (red top), four 3.2% (0.105M) sodium citrate (blue top) Vacutainer® tubes and a syringe at each visit. Collected samples were centrifuged within an hour of collection at 3000xG for 15 minutes at 20°C to obtain platelet-poor plasma and complete serum separation. Each sample was sent to the University of Rochester Clinical Laboratories for testing.

  • Mean High Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol in Blood [ Time Frame: 0 weeks ]
    Approximately 30 ml of blood was collected in two serum (red top), four 3.2% (0.105M) sodium citrate (blue top) Vacutainer® tubes and a syringe at each visit. Collected samples were centrifuged within an hour of collection at 3000xG for 15 minutes at 20°C to obtain platelet-poor plasma and complete serum separation. Each sample was sent to the University of Rochester Clinical Laboratories for testing.

  • Mean Intercellular Adhesion Molecule in Blood [ Time Frame: 0 weeks ]
    Approximately 30 ml of blood was collected in two serum (red top), four 3.2% (0.105M) sodium citrate (blue top) Vacutainer® tubes and a syringe at each visit. Collected samples were centrifuged within an hour of collection at 3000xG for 15 minutes at 20°C to obtain platelet-poor plasma and complete serum separation. Each sample was sent to the University of Rochester Clinical Laboratories for testing.

  • Mean Systolic Blood Pressure [ Time Frame: 0 weeks ]
    Measured with a blood pressure cuff

  • Mean Diastolic Blood Pressure [ Time Frame: 0 weeks ]
    Measured with a blood pressure cuff

  • Mean Vascular Adhesion Molecule in Blood [ Time Frame: 0 weeks ]
    Approximately 30 ml of blood was collected in two serum (red top), four 3.2% (0.105M) sodium citrate (blue top) Vacutainer® tubes and a syringe at each visit. Collected samples were centrifuged within an hour of collection at 3000xG for 15 minutes at 20°C to obtain platelet-poor plasma and complete serum separation. Each sample was sent to the University of Rochester Clinical Laboratories for testing.

  • Mean Apolipoprotein A-1 in Blood [ Time Frame: 0 weeks ]
    Approximately 30 ml of blood was collected in two serum (red top), four 3.2% (0.105M) sodium citrate (blue top) Vacutainer® tubes and a syringe at each visit. Collected samples were centrifuged within an hour of collection at 3000xG for 15 minutes at 20°C to obtain platelet-poor plasma and complete serum separation. Each sample was sent to the University of Rochester Clinical Laboratories for testing.

  • Mean Apolipoprotein B in Blood [ Time Frame: 0 weeks ]
    Approximately 30 ml of blood was collected in two serum (red top), four 3.2% (0.105M) sodium citrate (blue top) Vacutainer® tubes and a syringe at each visit. Collected samples were centrifuged within an hour of collection at 3000xG for 15 minutes at 20°C to obtain platelet-poor plasma and complete serum separation. Each sample was sent to the University of Rochester Clinical Laboratories for testing.

  • Mean Apolipoprotein B/ Apolipoprotein A1 Ratio in Blood [ Time Frame: 0 weeks ]
    Approximately 30 ml of blood was collected in two serum (red top), four 3.2% (0.105M) sodium citrate (blue top) Vacutainer® tubes and a syringe at each visit. Collected samples were centrifuged within an hour of collection at 3000xG for 15 minutes at 20°C to obtain platelet-poor plasma and complete serum separation. Each sample was sent to the University of Rochester Clinical Laboratories for testing. The ratio of Apo B to Apo A1 ratio was calculated.

  • Mean Hs-C Reactive Protein in Blood [ Time Frame: 0 weeks ]
    Approximately 30 ml of blood was collected in two serum (red top), four 3.2% (0.105M) sodium citrate (blue top) Vacutainer® tubes and a syringe at each visit. Collected samples were centrifuged within an hour of collection at 3000xG for 15 minutes at 20°C to obtain platelet-poor plasma and complete serum separation. Each sample was sent to the University of Rochester Clinical Laboratories for testing.

  • Mean Leptin in Blood [ Time Frame: 0 weeks ]
    Approximately 30 ml of blood was collected in two serum (red top), four 3.2% (0.105M) sodium citrate (blue top) Vacutainer® tubes and a syringe at each visit. Collected samples were centrifuged within an hour of collection at 3000xG for 15 minutes at 20°C to obtain platelet-poor plasma and complete serum separation. Each sample was sent to the University of Rochester Clinical Laboratories for testing.

  • Mean Plasminogen Activator Inhibitor-1 in Blood [ Time Frame: 0 weeks ]
    Approximately 30 ml of blood was collected in two serum (red top), four 3.2% (0.105M) sodium citrate (blue top) Vacutainer® tubes and a syringe at each visit. Collected samples were centrifuged within an hour of collection at 3000xG for 15 minutes at 20°C to obtain platelet-poor plasma and complete serum separation. Each sample was sent to the University of Rochester Clinical Laboratories for testing.


Enrollment: 116
Study Start Date: November 2004
Study Completion Date: May 2013
Primary Completion Date: December 2011 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Atorvastatin
44 women randomized to 80 mg atorvastatin for 6weeks
Drug: Atorvastatin
80mg
Other Name: Lipitor
Placebo Comparator: sugar pill
44 women randomized to placebo for 6 weeks
Other: Placebo
80mg

Detailed Description:
The first phase of the study is an observational phase as previously described. The second phase was a prospective evaluation of the effect of a well known "statin" drug (Lipitor) on different biochemical factors measured in the blood. The eligible study participants had blood work done upon enrollment and if criteria was met(according to the Adult Treatment Panel III), they were given dietary counseling (NYHA - New York Heart Association Step 1 diet) as a lead in phase. Lab work was repeated at 3 weeks to evaluate the impact of the diet and if participant's profile still met criteria for MBS,randomization for either atorvastatin (Lipitor) 80mg or placebo (sugar pill) for 12 weeks took place.
  Eligibility

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 75 Years   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Women between the ages of 18-75 with Metabolic syndrome
  • Abdominal circumference > 35 in
  • Hypertriglyceridemia > 150mg/dl
  • HDL <50
  • Blood Pressure >130/85
  • Fasting Glucose >100

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Pregnant or planning to become pregnant in the next 6-12 months
  • Receiving lipid-lowing drugs
  • Obstructive hepatobiliary disease or serious hepatic disease
  • Diabetes, cardiovascular disease (CVD), hypothyroidism, active infection, cancer, recent surgery
  • Fulfill criteria to receive statin based on LDL levels, risk factors, and Framingham risk scoring outlined on ATP111/NCEP 111 recommendations
  • Documented allergic reaction to statin in past
  • unexplained elevation in creatinine kinase levels > 3 times upper limit
  Contacts and Locations
Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01785615


Locations
United States, New York
University of Rochester Medical Center
Rochester, New York, United States, 14642
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Rochester
Pfizer
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Gladys P Velarde, MD University of Rochester
  More Information

Responsible Party: Gladys Velarde, Principle Investigator, University of Rochester
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01785615     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: Protocol No. 1988
Grant# 2004-1035 ( Other Grant/Funding Number: RSRB 29937 )
First Submitted: February 1, 2013
First Posted: February 7, 2013
Results First Submitted: September 3, 2013
Results First Posted: June 7, 2017
Last Update Posted: June 7, 2017
Last Verified: April 2017

Keywords provided by Gladys Velarde, University of Rochester:
metabolic syndrome
atorvastatin
women

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Syndrome
Metabolic Syndrome X
Disease
Pathologic Processes
Insulin Resistance
Hyperinsulinism
Glucose Metabolism Disorders
Metabolic Diseases
Atorvastatin Calcium
Anticholesteremic Agents
Hypolipidemic Agents
Antimetabolites
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Lipid Regulating Agents
Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors