Pilot, Neoadjuvant Gemcitabine and Abraxane Chemotherapy Followed by Surgery, Adenocarcinoma of the Pancreas

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01783054
Recruitment Status : Terminated (Study terminated due to low accrual)
First Posted : February 4, 2013
Results First Posted : November 9, 2015
Last Update Posted : March 8, 2016
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Medical University of South Carolina

Brief Summary:
This study is for adult patients with adenocarcinoma of the pancreas. The purpose of this research study is to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of the drugs Gemcitabine and Abraxane in the treatment of adenocarcinoma of the pancreas before surgery. Subjects will have screening tests to determine if he or she is eligible to participate in this study.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Adenocarcinoma Pancreas Procedure: Surgery Genetic: Genetic Expression Drug: Chemotherapy Early Phase 1

Detailed Description:
If subjects are eligible and wish to enroll in the study, they will begin chemotherapy treatment with Gemcitabine and Abraxane. After subjects have received treatment with these drugs, they will have surgery. Subjects will also have post treatment and follow up evaluations. Subjects may have 2 cycles of treatment and each cycle is 28 days. All subjects will be followed every 3 months for 3 years after their initial registration.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 2 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Pilot Study of Neoadjuvant Gemcitabine and Abraxane Chemotherapy Followed by Surgery for Patients With Localized, Resectable Adenocarcinoma of the Pancreas
Study Start Date : July 2012
Actual Primary Completion Date : October 2015

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: chemotherapy, surgery, genetic expression

All patients enrolled on study will start study treatment on a chemotherapy treatment regimen of Gemcitabine and abraxane. Treatment will be given on days 1, 8 and 15 of each cycle for 2 cycles over the course of 12 weeks.

Patients will move on to surgery, 4-8 weeks after chemotherapy treatment. Patients must be recovered from any adverse effects of the chemotherapy before proceeding with surgery.

As part of this study, tissue samples will be collect from each patient at the time of surgery for gene expression testing

Procedure: Surgery
Subjects will then receive surgery at MUSC within 4-8 weeks following completion of chemotherapy

Genetic: Genetic Expression
Subjects will have genetic expression testing done on their tissue samples.

Drug: Chemotherapy
Patients will receive gemcitabine at 1000 mg/m2 and abraxane at 125 mg/m2 intravenously on days 1, 8 and 15 of a 28 day cycle for 2 cycles
Other Names:
  • Gemcitabine
  • Abraxane

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Tumor Response [ Time Frame: at time of surgery ]
    Estimate the rate of good histopathologic tumor response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy assessed in resection specimen. A good response is defined as a grade III or IV histopathologic appearance, equivalent to <10% viable tumor.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Number of Participants With R0 Resection Status. [ Time Frame: at time of surgery ]
    R0 resection status is a macroscopic complete removal of tumor by non-contaminated operation, with neither macroscopic nor microscopic residual tumor.

  2. Estimate Median Time to Recurrence. [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
    Time to recurrence is defined as the time from surgical resection to disease recurrence or death from any cause. Patients who have not recurred at the end of follow up will have their recurrence time censored at the last date of contact.

  3. Estimate Median Overall Survival [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
    Overall survival is defined as the time from enrollment to death from any cause. Patients still alive at the end of follow up will have their survival time censored at the last date of contact.

  4. Number of Adverse Events Reported in Subjects Enrolled. [ Time Frame: First study drug administration until end of study ]
    Assess the safety profile of this neoadjuvant regimen in patients with localized pancreatic adenocarcinoma. All toxicities will be reported by type and grade and tabulated. All adverse events will be reported via case report forms. The intensity of any adverse event should be reported according to the NCI Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events v4.0.

Other Outcome Measures:
  1. Circulating Tumor Cells (CTC) [ Time Frame: From enrollment to surgery ]
    To evaluate and describe CTC number, CTC phenotype characteristics and effectiveness/rate of CTC culturing techniquen from patients with pancreatic adenocarcinoma. To determine and evaluate the correlation between expression of biomarkers in CTCs and expression of biomarkers in resected tissue specimen with the same cancer patient.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patient has histologically or cytologically confirmed potentially resectable adenocarcinoma of the pancreas including tumors in the pancreatic head, uncinate process, neck, body and tail that are potentially resectable by pancreatico-duodenectomy (Kausch-Whipple procedure). Patients with islet cell or other neuroendocrine neoplasms are excluded.
  • Definition of localized, potentially resectable disease:
  • Staging by intravenous contrast-enhanced thin section helical abdominal computed tomography (2.5 mm cuts or less) or MRI (for patients with an IV contrast allergy) using pancreatic protocol. Endoscopic ultrasound is required for tissue acquisition and staging confirmation.
  • No extension to superior mesenteric artery (SMA) and hepatic artery. Patent superior mesenteric vein/portal vein (SMV/PV) with < 180-degree abutment and no evidence of invasion.
  • Clear fat plane between the SMA and celiac axis.
  • No extension to celiac axis and hepatic artery.
  • Patent superior mesenteric vein and portal vein.
  • No evidence of distant disease.
  • Male or non-pregnant and non-lactating female, and ≥ 18 years of age.
  • If a female patient is of childbearing potential, she must have a negative serum pregnancy test documented within 72 hours of the first administration of study drug.
  • If sexually active, the patient must agree to use contraception considered adequate and appropriate by the Investigator.
  • Patient must not have received prior chemotherapy or radiation for pancreatic cancer.
  • Patient has the acceptable blood counts as outlined in the protocol.
  • Patient has an ECOG performance status PS 0-2.
  • Patient has been informed about the nature of the study, and has agreed to participate in the study, and signed the Informed Consent Form prior to participation in any study-related activities.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patient has borderline resectable, locally advanced unresectable or advanced metastatic disease. Patients with adenocarcinoma of the distal pancreatic body or tail are ineligible. Patients with endocrine tumors, lymphoma of the pancreas, or ampullary cancer are also ineligible.
  • Patient has active, uncontrolled bacterial, viral, or fungal infection(s) requiring systemic therapy.
  • Patient has known infection with HIV.
  • Patient has undergone major surgery, other than diagnostic surgery ( done to obtain a biopsy for diagnosis without removal of an organ), within 4 weeks prior to Day 1 of treatment in this study.
  • Patient has a history of allergy or hypersensitivity to the study drugs.
  • Patient has serious medical risk factors involving any of the major organ systems such that the Investigator considers it unsafe for the patient to receive chemotherapy and/or radiation therapy.
  • Patients requires chronic use of immunosuppressive agents (e.g. methotrexate, cyclosporine).
  • No other prior malignancy is allowed except for the following: adequately treated basal cell or squamous cell skin cancer, in situ cervical cancer, adequately treated Stage I or II cancer from which the patient is currently in complete remission, or any other cancer from which the patient has been disease-free for five years.
  • Patients must not have clinically significant cardiovascular disease (including myocardial infarction, unstable angina, symptomatic congestive heart failure, serious uncontrolled cardiac arrhythmia) < 1 year before randomization.
  • Patient is unwilling or unable to comply with study procedures.
  • Patient is enrolled in any other therapeutic clinical protocol or investigational trial.
  • Patients aged ≥ 80 are not excluded. However, candidates in this age group should be thoroughly evaluated before enrollment in the study, to ensure they are fit to receive chemotherapy, and to potentially undergo pancreaticoduodenectomy. In addition to meeting all of the baseline patient selection criteria, clinical judgment on their susceptibility to infection and expected stability of their performance status and suitability to receive intensive chemotherapy cycles, should be paid special attention to. Patients should not be enrolled in the study should there be any hesitation on any of these considerations. Baseline criteria for all patients enrolled on the study must be carefully evaluated and all criteria followed appropriately.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT01783054

United States, South Carolina
Medical University of South Carolina
Charleston, South Carolina, United States, 29425
Sponsors and Collaborators
Medical University of South Carolina
Principal Investigator: Eric Kimchi, MD Medical University of South Carolina

Responsible Party: Medical University of South Carolina Identifier: NCT01783054     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 101826
First Posted: February 4, 2013    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: November 9, 2015
Last Update Posted: March 8, 2016
Last Verified: October 2015

Keywords provided by Medical University of South Carolina:

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Albumin-Bound Paclitaxel
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Enzyme Inhibitors
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Gastrointestinal Agents
Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic
Tubulin Modulators
Antimitotic Agents
Mitosis Modulators