11C Methionine PET for the Detection of Hyperfunctional Parathyroid Tissues
Radiation: 11C-Methionine PET/CT scanning
Radiation: 18F-FDG PET/CT scanning
Radiation: SPECT-CT scanning
|Study Design:||Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Diagnostic
|Official Title:||Pre-operative Parathyroid Imaging: a Comparison of 11C-Methionine PET, 18F-FDG PET AND SPEC-CT for the Detection of Hyperfunctional Parathyroid Tissues|
- To compare the sensitivity of 11C-MET PET/CT, SPECT-CT and 18F-FDG PET/CT in the detection of pathologic parathyroid glands in patients with primary hyperparathyroidism [ Time Frame: Patient will undergo the scans at baseline ]Sensitivity is the percentage of patients that were correctly identified to have an abnormal parathyroid gland by the imaging studies.
- To compare the specificity of11C-MET PET/CT, SPECT-CT and 18F-FDG PET/CT in the detection of pathologic parathyroid glands in patients with primary hyperparathyroidism [ Time Frame: Patient will undergo the scans at baseline ]Specificity is defined as the percentage of patients that were correctly rejected for having an abnormal parathyroid gland by the imaging studies.
- To evaluate the safety profile of 11C-MET PET/CT. [ Time Frame: Up to 2 weeks ]All adverse events will be recorded. An Adverse Event (AE) is any untoward, undesired, unplanned medical occurrence in a participant and does not necessarily have a causal relationship with the study intervention. Expected adverse events from PET/CT scans include bruising, bleeding or infection at the site of intravenous radiotracer injection. Other expected adverse events include feeling of discomfort or claustrophobia from being in the scanner.
|Study Start Date:||May 2014|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||July 2018|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date:||March 2018 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Experimental: Primary hyperparathyroidism
Subjects with biochemical evidence, including elevated serum calcium and PTH levels, of primary hyperparathyroidism. All patients will undergo 11C-methionine PET/CT, SPECT-CT and 18F-FDG PET/CT scanning.
Radiation: 11C-Methionine PET/CT scanning
PET with the radiopharmaceutical carbon-11 methionine (11C-MET) has been considered to improve diagnosis due to a superior spatial resolution and higher specificity compared to other radiotracers such as 18F-FDG. For the 11C-MET PET/CT, the patient will receive an intravenous bolus injection of 11C-MET as manufactured at the BCCA production facility at a dose of 6 (0.16 mCi) MBq per kilogram but not to exceed 555 MBq (15 mCi).
Other Name: 11C-METRadiation: 18F-FDG PET/CT scanning
For PET/CT scans, the patient will first receive an intravenous bolus injection of 18F-FDG as manufactured at the BCCA production facility in a dose determined by body weight but not to exceed 521 MBq (14.1 mCi). Our standard adult prescription (70kg adult) for 18F-FDG is 296 MBq (8.0 mCi). The target dose for body scans is increased by 59.2 MBq (1.6 mCi) for every 20 kg increase in body weight to a maximum target dose of 474 MBq (12.8 mCi).Radiation: SPECT-CT scanning
For the SPECT-CT scan, each injection of intravenous 99mTc-MIBI is dosed at a maximum of 20 mCi (740MBq), as per usual standard of care. The energy window of each scan is at 140 keV, consistent with the standard of SPEC-CT imaging techniques.
STUDY OBJECTIVES Primary: To compare the accuracy, sensitivity and specificity of 11C-methionine (MET) PET/CT and 99mTc-MIBI SPECT-CT in the detection of pathologic parathyroid glands in patients with primary hyperparathyroidism.
Secondary:To compare the accuracy, sensitivity and specificity of 11C-MET and 18F-FDG PET/CT scans in the detection of pathologic parathyroid glands in patients with primary hyperparathyroidism.
STUDY DESIGN A phase II diagnostic imaging, single-centre study to compare the accuracy of 11C-MET PET/CT with standard 99mTc-MIBI SPECT-CT and with 18F-FDG PET/CT imaging in patients with primary hyperparathyroidism.
STUDY POPULATION Number of Subjects: 50 patients Number of groups: 1: 50 with primary hyperparathyroidism. Age/Gender: Age greater than or equal to 19 years / Male and Female Study specific requirements: Subjects with clinically suspected primary hyperparathyroidism who require 99mTc-MIBI SPECT-CT parathyroid imaging.
INVESTIGATIONAL PRODUCT Product: 11C-Methionine Route of administration: Intravenous Dosage(s) and frequency: Radioactive dose of 11C-Methionine of 6 MBq per kilogram body weight per injection (maximum dose of 555 MBq); one injection per patient.
COMPARATOR PRODUCTS Product: 99mTc-Methoxyisobutylisonitrite; 18F-Fluorodeoxyglucose Route of administration: Intravenous Dosage(s) and frequency: (1) Radioactive dose of 99mTc-Methoxyisobutylisonitrite of 555 - 740 MBq per injection; one injection per patient. (2) Radioactive dose of 18F-Fluorodeoxyglucose of 296 - 521 MBq per injection; one injection per patient.
EVALUATION CRITERIA Efficacy: The comparison of the accuracy, sensitivity, and specificity of 11C-MET PET/CT with 99mTc-MIBI SPECT-CT and 18F-FDG PET/CT in the detection of pathologic parathyroid glands in patients with primary hyperparathyroidism.
Safety: Vital signs before and following 11C-MET administration; adverse events collection.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01783002
|Contact: Hayley Corbett||604-877-6000 ext email@example.com|
|Canada, British Columbia|
|British Columbia Cancer Agency||Recruiting|
|Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, V5Z 4E6|
|Contact: Hayley Corbett 604-877-6000 ext 2818 firstname.lastname@example.org|
|Sub-Investigator: Don Wilson, MD, FRCPC|
|Principal Investigator:||Donald W Anderson, MD, FRCSC||University of British Columbia; Vancouver General Hospital|
|Principal Investigator:||Don Wilson, MD, FRCPC||British Columbia Cancer Agency|