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A Study of the Safety and Efficacy of Posaconazole Versus Voriconazole for the Treatment of Invasive Aspergillosis (MK-5592-069)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01782131
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : February 1, 2013
Results First Posted : August 21, 2020
Last Update Posted : September 10, 2020
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the safety and efficacy of posaconazole (POS) versus voriconazole (VOR) in the treatment of adults and adolescents with invasive aspergillosis (IA). The primary hypothesis is that the all-cause mortality through Day 42 in the POS treatment group is non-inferior to that in the VOR treatment group.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Fungal Infections Invasive Pulmonary Aspergillosis Drug: Posaconazole Drug: Voriconazole Drug: Placebo Phase 3

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 585 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase 3 Randomized Study of the Efficacy and Safety of Posaconazole Versus Voriconazole for the Treatment of Invasive Aspergillosis in Adults and Adolescents (Phase 3; Protocol No. MK-5592-069)
Actual Study Start Date : September 25, 2013
Actual Primary Completion Date : July 10, 2019
Actual Study Completion Date : September 10, 2019

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Aspergillosis

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Posaconazole (POS)
Participants received 300 mg posaconazole (POS) intravenous (IV) twice per day (BID) on Day 1, and then received 300 mg POS IV plus placebo IV once per day (QD) starting on Day 2 until clinically stable when participants transitioned to oral POS tablets plus oral placebo tablets QD for up to 12 weeks of treatment. Most participants were expected to initiate treatment with IV therapy and transition to oral therapy as clinically indicated, with some participants initiating treatment with oral therapy, per clinical judgment.
Drug: Posaconazole
POS IV: Day 1: 300 mg BID Day 2-84: 300 mg QD POS oral: Day 1: 300 mg BID Day 2-84: 300 mg QD
Other Names:
  • SCH 056592
  • MK-5592
  • Noxafil®

Drug: Placebo
Matching placebo received for Posaconazole (IV and oral) or Voriconazole (oral)

Active Comparator: Voriconazole
Participants received 6 mg/kg voriconazole (VOR) IV twice per day (BID) on Day 1, and then received 4 mg/kg VOR IV BID on Day 2 until clinically stable when participants transitioned to oral therapy with VOR capsules or VOR placebo capsules BID for up to 12 weeks of treatment. Most participants were expected to initiate treatment with IV therapy and transition to oral therapy as clinically indicated, with some participants initiating treatment with oral therapy, per clinical judgment.
Drug: Voriconazole
VOR IV: Day 1: 6 mg/kg per body weight administered BID Day 2-84: 4 mg/kg per body weight administered BID VOR oral: Day 1: 300 mg BID Day 2-84: 200 mg BID
Other Name: VFEND®

Drug: Placebo
Matching placebo received for Posaconazole (IV and oral) or Voriconazole (oral)




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Percentage of Participants Who Died Through Day 42 in the Intention to Treat Population [ Time Frame: Up to ~42 days ]
    The percentage of participants who died with posaconazole (POS) compared to voriconazole (VOR) in the first line treatment of invasive aspergillosis (IA) in the Intention to Treat (ITT) population through Day 42 was assessed.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Percentage of Participants Who Died Through Day 42 in the Full Analysis Set Population [ Time Frame: Up to ~42 days ]
    The percentage of participants who died with POS compared to VOR in the first line treatment of invasive aspergillosis (IA) in the Full Analysis Set (FAS) population through Day 42 was assessed.

  2. Percentage of Participants Who Died Through Day 84 in the ITT Population [ Time Frame: Up to ~84 days ]
    The percentage of participants who died with POS compared to VOR in the first line treatment of invasive aspergillosis (IA) in the ITT population through Day 84 was assessed.

  3. Percentage of Participants Who Died Through Day 84 in the FAS Population [ Time Frame: Up to ~ 84 days ]
    The percentage of participants who died with POS compared to VOR in the first line treatment of invasive aspergillosis (IA) in the FAS population through Day 84 was assessed.

  4. Percentage of Participants Achieving Global Clinical Response at Week 12 in the FAS Population [ Time Frame: Up to 12 weeks (± 4 weeks) ]
    The global clinical response of POS compared to VOR in the first line treatment of invasive aspergillosis (IA) was assessed. The percentage of participants achieving adjudicated global clinical response (complete or partial) at Week 12 was reported. Complete response was classified as survival with resolution of fungal disease evidence; Partial response was survival and improvement of fungal disease.

  5. Percentage of Participants Achieving Global Clinical Response at Week 6 in the FAS Population [ Time Frame: Up to 6 weeks (± 2 weeks) ]
    The global clinical response of POS compared to VOR in the first line treatment of invasive aspergillosis (IA) was assessed. The percentage of participants achieving adjudicated global clinical response (complete or partial) at Week 6 was reported. Complete response was classified as survival with resolution of fungal disease evidence; Partial response was survival and improvement of fungal disease.

  6. Number of Participants Experiencing Mortality at Day 42, Day 84, and Day 114 in the FAS Population (Kaplan-Meier Time To Death Estimate) [ Time Frame: Up to ~16 weeks (± 2 weeks) ]
    The number of participants experiencing mortality at Day 42, Day 84 and Day 114 in participants with proven or probable IA receiving POS versus VOR were assessed. The Kaplan-Meier estimate reports the number of participants who experienced death (all causes) through Day 114 or ~16 weeks. Participants who did not have any endpoint event until last visit or who were lost to follow-up and had no event were censored at the time of last available information (last study visit). For Day 42 and Day 84, missing or 'unable to determine' responses were considered as failures (dead).

  7. Number of Participants Who Died Due to Invasive Aspergillosis Through Day 42 in the FAS Population [ Time Frame: Up to 42 days ]
    The number of participants who died due to IA receiving POS versus VOR through Day 42 was assessed.

  8. Number of Participants Who Died Due to Invasive Aspergillosis Through Day 84 in the FAS Population [ Time Frame: Up to 84 days ]
    The number of participants who died due to IA receiving POS versus VOR in the FAS population through Day 84 was assessed.

  9. Percentage of Participants With Tier 1 Treatment Emergent Adverse Events [ Time Frame: Up to ~16 weeks (± 2 weeks) ]
    The percentage of participants with Tier 1 treatment-emergent adverse events (TEAEs) was determined. The Tier 1 TEAEs included hepatic safety (elevated aspartate serum transaminase [AST] or alanine serum transaminase [ALT] value ≥3x upper limit of normal (ULN) and an elevated total bilirubin value ≥2x ULN and, at the same time, an alkaline phosphatase value <2 ULN); central nervous system (CNS) and visual disturbances (eye disorders, nervous system disorders, psychiatric disorders), dermatologic reactions, and adrenal insufficiency or temporally associated TEAEs of hypotension.

  10. Percentage of Participants With at Least One Adverse Event [ Time Frame: Up to ~16 weeks (± 2 weeks) ]
    An adverse event (AE) was defined as any untoward medical occurrence in a patient or clinical investigation participant administered a pharmaceutical product and which did not necessarily have to have a causal relationship with this treatment. An AE can therefore be any unfavorable and unintended sign, symptom, or disease temporally associated with the use of a medicinal product or protocol-specified procedure, whether or not considered related to the medicinal product.

  11. Percentage of Participants With at Least One Drug Related Adverse Event [ Time Frame: Up to ~16 weeks (± 2 weeks) ]
    An adverse event (AE) was defined as any untoward medical occurrence in a patient or clinical investigation participant administered a pharmaceutical product and which did not necessarily have to have a causal relationship with this treatment. An AE can therefore be any unfavorable and unintended sign, symptom, or disease temporally associated with the use of a medicinal product or protocol-specified procedure, whether or not considered related to the medicinal product.

  12. Percentage of Participants With at Least One Serious Adverse Event [ Time Frame: Up to ~16 weeks (± 2 weeks) ]
    A serious adverse event (SAE) was an AE that resulted in death, was life threatening, required or prolonged an existing hospitalization, resulted in persistent or significant disability or incapacity, was a congenital anomaly or birth defect, or was another important medical event deemed such by medical or scientific judgment.

  13. Percentage of Participants With at Least One Serious Drug Related Adverse Event [ Time Frame: Up to ~16 weeks (± 2 weeks) ]
    An SAE was an AE that resulted in death, was life threatening, required or prolonged an existing hospitalization, resulted in persistent or significant disability or incapacity, was a congenital anomaly or birth defect, or was another important medical event deemed such by medical or scientific judgment.

  14. Percentage of Participants Who Discontinued Study Treatment Due to an Adverse Event [ Time Frame: Up to ~12 weeks ]
    An AE was defined as any untoward medical occurrence in a patient or clinical investigation participant administered a pharmaceutical product and which did not necessarily have to have a causal relationship with this treatment. An AE can therefore be any unfavorable and unintended sign, symptom, or disease temporally associated with the use of a medicinal product or protocol-specified procedure, whether or not considered related to the medicinal product.

  15. Steady State Average Concentration (Cavg) of Posaconazole With Food Intake [ Time Frame: Baseline, and at pre-dose on Day 7, Week 2, Week 4, Week 6, and Week 12 ]
    The characterization of the pharmacokinetics (PK) parameters of POS was determined from plasma samples taken at steady-state after receiving oral tablet of POS. Steady-state Cavg, where Cavg is defined as area under the concentration time-curve from 0 to 24 hours (AUC0-24hr) divided by the dosing interval. Data is presented in POS group column only. No evaluation of food intake on the VOR capsule was presented.



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Ages Eligible for Study:   13 Years and older   (Child, Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Weight >40 kg (88 lb) and ≤150 kg (330 lb); if between 13 and 14 years of age must weigh >= 50 kg (110 lb)
  • Must meet the criteria for proven, probable, or possible IA as per 2008 European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer/Invasive Fungal Infections Cooperative Group and the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases Mycoses Study Group (EORTC/MSG) disease definitions at the time of randomization. Proven IA will include those participants with the demonstration of fungal elements (by cytology, microscopy, or culture) in diseased tissue (sterile sampling). Probable IA includes participants with at least 1 host factor, clinical criteria, as well as mycological criteria including both direct and indirect methods. Possible IA includes participants with at least 1 host factor and clinical criteria but without mycological criteria. A modification to the 2008 EORTC/MSG criteria regarding risk factors has been made to allow for the inclusion of participants with any duration of neutropenia as an acceptable inclusion host factor.
  • If with possible IA at time of randomization must be willing or be in process of an ongoing diagnostic work up which is anticipated to result in a mycological diagnosis of proven or probable IA postrandomization.
  • Must have a central line (e.g., central venous catheter, peripherally-inserted central catheter, etc.) in place or planned to be in place prior to beginning IV study therapy. If without central catheter access, must be clinically stable and able to receive oral study therapy.
  • Acute IA defined as duration of clinical syndrome of <30 days.
  • Must be willing to adhere to dosing, study visit schedule, and mandatory procedures as outlined in the protocol. The participant must be willing to continue on study therapy for up to 12 weeks and remain in the study through the 1-month follow-up visit.
  • The participant must have the ability to transition to oral study therapy during the course of the study.
  • Female participants of child-bearing potential must be using a medically accepted method of birth control before beginning study-drug treatment and agree to continue its use for 30 days after stopping study medication
  • Is not taking prohibited antifungal prophylaxis or treatment

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Chronic (>1 month duration) IA, relapsed/recurrent IA, or refractory IA which has not responded to antifungal therapy.
  • Has pulmonary sarcoidosis, aspergilloma, or allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis (ABPA).
  • Known mixed invasive mold fungal infection including Zygomycetes, and/or a known invasive Aspergillus fungal infection in which either study drug may not be considered active.
  • Receipt of any systemic (oral, intravenous, or inhaled) antifungal therapy for this infection episode for 4 or more consecutive days (>= 96 hours) immediately before randomization.
  • Developed the current episode of IA infection during receipt of >13 days of antifungal prophylaxis with an agent considered to be a mold-active antifungal agent.
  • Receipt of posaconazole or voriconazole as empirical treatment for this infection for 4 days (96 hours) or more within the 15 days immediately before randomization.
  • Has condition that, in the opinion of the investigator, may interfere with optimal participation in the study.
  • Known hypersensitivity or other serious adverse reaction to any azole antifungal therapy or to any other ingredient of the study medication used.
  • Females who are pregnant, intend to become pregnant, or are nursing at the time of randomization.
  • Known history of Torsade de Pointes, unstable cardiac arrhythmia or proarrhythmic conditions, or a history of recent myocardial infarction within 90 days of study entry.
  • Has significant liver dysfunction
  • Hepatic cirrhosis or a Child-Pugh score of C (severe hepatic impairment) at the time of randomization.
  • Severe renal insufficiency (estimated creatinine clearance <20 mL/min) or on hemodialysis at the time of randomization or likely to require dialysis during the study.
  • Known hereditary problem of galactose intolerance, Lapp lactase deficiency, or glucose-galactose malabsorption.
  • Acute symptomatic pancreatitis within 6 months of study entry or a diagnosis of chronic pancreatitis at the time of randomization.
  • Active skin lesion consistent with squamous cell carcinoma at the time of randomization, or a current or prior history of malignant melanoma within 5 years of study entry.
  • On artificial ventilation or receiving acute Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP)/Bilevel Positive Airway Pressure (BPAP) at the time of randomization.
  • Known or suspected Gilbert's disease at the time of randomization.
  • Requires treatment with other medications that cannot be stopped and for which there is a known contraindication to co-administration of one or more of the study drugs.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01782131


Sponsors and Collaborators
Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.
Investigators
Layout table for investigator information
Study Director: Medical Director Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.:
Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01782131    
Other Study ID Numbers: P06200
2011-003938-14 ( EudraCT Number )
5592-069 ( Other Identifier: Merck )
First Posted: February 1, 2013    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: August 21, 2020
Last Update Posted: September 10, 2020
Last Verified: August 2020
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Plan Description: http://engagezone.msd.com/doc/ProcedureAccessClinicalTrialData.pdf
URL: http://engagezone.msd.com/ds_documentation.php
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Mycoses
Aspergillosis
Pulmonary Aspergillosis
Invasive Pulmonary Aspergillosis
Lung Diseases, Fungal
Lung Diseases
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Invasive Fungal Infections
Voriconazole
Posaconazole
Antifungal Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
14-alpha Demethylase Inhibitors
Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Steroid Synthesis Inhibitors
Hormone Antagonists
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Cytochrome P-450 CYP3A Inhibitors
Trypanocidal Agents
Antiprotozoal Agents
Antiparasitic Agents