Tumor Genomic Profiling in Patients Evaluated for Targeted Cancer Therapy
The purpose of this study is to determine whether certain genes in cancer may be abnormal. When a gene is abnormal this is called a mutation. Most mutations in cancer cells are not inherited (passed down from parents) but happen after birth in the cancer itself. Most cancers have many mutations. Some of these mutations are important for the cancer cells to survive while others are not. The goal of this study is test cancer for certain mutations using leftover tumor tissue from a previous surgery or biopsy. Participants will also be asked to provide a tube of blood cheek (also known as a buccal) swab, or a saliva sample that contains normal genes for comparison.
The purpose of Part B of this study is to:
Understand how genetic changes in tumor effect the chance of responding to experimental cancer treatment. Understand how the genes in the tumor change overtime in response to targeted cancer treatment.
Genetic: molecular profiling of tumors
Genetic: Clinical Germline Analysis
|Study Design:||Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Prospective
|Official Title:||Tumor Genomic Profiling in Patients Evaluated for Targeted Cancer Therapy|
- frequency of "actionable" oncogenic mutations [ Time Frame: 1 year ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]"Actionable" mutations will be defined as either 1) a mutation shown to predict for sensitivity or resistance to a drug FDA approved for use in another cancer indication or 2) a mutation which predicts for sensitivity or resistance in preclinical models to an investigational class of drugs.
- To determine the impact of molecular profiling results performed in the CLIA-setting on the treatment of patients. [ Time Frame: 1 year ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]The Bioinformatics Core will assist in interpreting data generated by next-generation sequencing techniques such as WES and WGS.
- interrogate the mechanisms [ Time Frame: 1 year ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]underlying response and resistance (de-novo and acquired) to targeted therapy. The research assay(s) used to accomplish this will vary based on the clinical setting and tissue available and may include Sanger, Sequenom, MiSeq, exon-capture (ie: IMPACT), whole exome, and whole genome sequencing.
- To explore the genetic mechanisms of tumorigenesis [ Time Frame: 2 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]in a subset of specimens with no identifiable culpritic genomic alterations on highly-multiplexed next-generation sequencing (i.e.: IMPACT testing) by using even more comprehensive investigational profiling techniques such as whole exome sequencing, whole genome sequencing or RNA sequencing
Biospecimen Retention: Samples With DNA
tissue, blood, saliva or nail clippings
|Study Start Date:||January 2013|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||January 2016|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date:||January 2016 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Pts with solid tumors
Patients must have solid or hematologic cancer. for treatment on a . Patients must have undergone pathologic confirmation of their tumor at MSKCC and have either: 1) archival tissue available for analysis, 2) have fresh tissue collection planned as routine standard of care biopsy or part of a research biopsy under another clinical trial(or peripheral blood / bone marrow collection in the case of hematologic cancers) outside of the context of this protocol, or 3)archival tissue .available at an outside facility. For prospective genotyping tissue specimens from the primary site, a metastasis or recurrence will be used based upon the availability and quality of tissue.
Genetic: molecular profiling of tumors
Part A is the molecular profiling of tumors. No new tumor biopsies will be performed in the context of Part A. If a pt does have a surgery or tumor biopsy , leftover tissue (or an additional core) from this procedure may be used for molecular profiling. Clinical Assay(s): This testing will be performed in the CLIA-certified Molecular Diagnostics Service laboratory. Research Assay(s): This protocol will also be used as a platform to pilot the use of investigational "next-generation" profiling technologies .including whole exome sequencing, whole genome sequencing RNA sequencing cell-free tumor DNA/RNA sequencing, & others. To confirm the findings obtained on these assays using an orthogonal assay, additional sequencing such as Sanger,Sequenom, MiSeq or IMPACT testing may be utilized in either the CLIA or non-CLIA setting Part B: DTC Cohort Pts successfully registered to Part B of this study will be eligible for minimal risk collection & research biopsies.Genetic: Clinical Germline Analysis
Part C: Clinical Germline Analysis Participants who have donated a matched normal peripheral blood sample for comparison to somatic sequence will be offered the opportunity to have that germline DNA sample analyzed for the presence of deleterious or likely deleterious mutations in genes on the MSK-IMPACT panel that are known to be linked to inherited susceptibility or that are included on consensus lists of genes that should undergo secondary analysis (e.g. the "ACMG list").
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01775072
|Contact: David Hyman, MD||646-888-4544|
|Contact: David Solit, MD||646-888-2641|
|United States, New York|
|Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center||Recruiting|
|New York, New York, United States, 10065|
|Contact: David Hyman, MD 646-888-4544|
|Contact: David Solit, MD 646-888-2641|
|Principal Investigator: David Hyman, MD|
|Principal Investigator:||David Hyman, MD||Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center|