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Patients With Intermittent Claudication Injected With ALDH Bright Cells (PACE)

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
Aldagen
Center for Cell and Gene Therapy, Baylor College of Medicine
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Dr Lemuel A Moye III, The University of Texas Health Science Center, Houston
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01774097
First received: January 18, 2013
Last updated: March 10, 2017
Last verified: March 2017
  Purpose
The purpose of this study is to find out if aldehyde dehydrogenase bright (ALDHbr) cells taken from a patient's bone marrow can be placed safely, via intramuscular injections, into their affected calf and lower thigh muscles and improve blood flow and/or peak walking time in patients experiencing pain associated with blocked blood vessels in the leg.

Condition Intervention Phase
Peripheral Artery Disease Intermittent Claudication Biological: ALD-301 Biological: Placebo (vehicle) Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Clinical and MR Imaging Assessments in Patients With Intermittent Claudication Following Injection of Bone Marrow Derived ALDH Bright Cells

Further study details as provided by Dr Lemuel A Moye III, The University of Texas Health Science Center, Houston:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Peak Walking Time (PWT) [ Time Frame: Assessed at baseline and 6 months ]
    The placebo adjusted average change over time in the maximum time (in minutes) walked by a patient on a treadmill under standardized conditions. The patient continues the test until walking can no longer be tolerated because of claudication symptoms.

  • Leg Collateral Count (Via Contrast Enhanced-MR) [ Time Frame: Assessed at baseline and 6 months ]
    The placebo adjusted average change in the number of collateral vessels over time.

  • Peak Hyperemic Popliteal Flow (Phase Contrast MRA) [ Time Frame: Assessed at baseline and 6 months ]
    The placebo adjusted average change in peak hyperemic popliteal flow (mL/s) over time.

  • Capillary Perfusion [ Time Frame: Assessed at baseline and 6 months ]
    The placebo adjusted average change in capillary perfusion over time.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Pre-exercise Ankle-Brachial Index (ABI) [ Time Frame: Assessed as a trajectory (baseline, 3mos, and 6 mos) ]
    ABI is the ratio of the blood pressure at the ankle to the blood pressure of the upper arm. Pre-exercise ABI is collected routinely with the patient supine immediately prior to a treadmill test. This measure represents the placebo adjusted average change over time in arm and pedal (ankle) blood pressure. The reported value is the estimate from regression analysis of the slope of the placebo adjusted measure over the time course of the trial adjusted for baseline weight.

  • Post-exercise Ankle-Brachial Index (ABI) [ Time Frame: Assessed as a trajectory (baseline, 3mos, and 6 mos) ]
    ABI is the ratio of the blood pressure at the ankle to the blood pressure of the upper arm. Post-exercise ABI is collected routinely with the patient supine immediately following a treadmill test. This measure represents the placebo adjusted average change over time in arm and pedal (ankle) blood pressure. The reported value is the estimate from regression analysis of the slope of the placebo adjusted measure over the time course of the trial adjusted for baseline weight.

  • Claudication Onset Time (COT) [ Time Frame: Assessed as a trajectory (baseline, 3mos, and 6 mos) ]
    Claudication Onset Time (COT) is the walking time at which patients first experience leg pain during a treadmill test. The measure represents placebo adjusted average change over time (in minutes) in the time walked by a patient on a treadmill under standardized conditions before the onset of claudication symptoms, regardless of whether this is manifested or characterized as muscle pain, ache, cramp, numbness or fatigue. This does not include joint pain or other pain not associated with claudication. The reported value is the estimate from regression analysis of the slope of the placebo adjusted measure over the time course of the trial adjusted for baseline weight.

  • Peak Walking Time (PWT) [ Time Frame: Assessed at baseline and 3 months ]
    The average change in maximum time (in minutes) walked by a patient on a treadmill under standardized conditions. The patient continues the test until walking can no longer be tolerated because of claudication symptoms.

  • Peripheral Artery Questionnaire (PAQ) [ Time Frame: Assessed as a trajectory (baseline, 1mos, 3mos, and 6 mos) ]
    The Peripheral Artery Questionnaire (PAQ) assesses subjective physical limitations, leg symptoms, social function, treatment satisfaction, and quality of life. It is administered as a self report. Higher scores are indicative of better outcome. The summary scores is compiled by taking the mean of five subscales generated from the original questions. Range: Minimum score is 11.1, maximum 85. The measure represents placebo adjusted average change in Peripheral Artery Questionnaire (PAQ) summary score assessed over time. The reported value is the estimate from regression analysis of the slope of the placebo adjusted measure over the time course of the trial adjusted for baseline weight.

  • Walking Impairment Questionnaire (WIQ)-Walking Distance Score [ Time Frame: Assessed as a trajectory (baseline, 1mos, 3mos, and 6 mos) ]
    The Walking Impairment Questionnaire (WIQ) assesses the severity of the subjective walking impairment on distance, speed, and stair climbing scales. It is administered as a self report. Range: Minimum score is 0.2, maximum 100. The measure represents the placebo adjusted average change in WIQ walking distance score assessed over time. The reported value is the estimate from regression analysis of the slope of the placebo adjusted measure over the time course of the trial adjusted for baseline weight.

  • Walking Impairment Questionnaire (WIQ)- Walking Speed Score [ Time Frame: Assessed as a trajectory (baseline, 1mos, 3mos, and 6 mos) ]
    The Walking Impairment Questionnaire (WIQ) assesses the severity of the subjective walking impairment on distance, speed, and stair climbing scales. It is administered as a self report. Range: Minimum score is 0, maximum 87. The measure represents the placebo adjusted average change in WIQ walking speed score assessed over time. The reported value is the estimate from regression analysis of the slope of the placebo adjusted measure over the time course of the trial adjusted for baseline weight.

  • Walking Impairment Questionnaire (WIQ)-Ability to Climb Stairs Score [ Time Frame: Assessed as a trajectory (baseline, 1mos, 3mos, and 6 mos) ]
    The Walking Impairment Questionnaire (WIQ) assesses the severity of the subjective walking impairment on distance, speed, and stair climbing scales. It is administered as a self report. Range: Minimum score is 0, maximum 100. The measure represents the placebo adjusted average change in WIQ ability to climb stairs score assessed over time. The reported value is the estimate from regression analysis of the slope of the placebo adjusted measure over the time course of the trial adjusted for baseline weight.


Enrollment: 82
Actual Study Start Date: June 2013
Study Completion Date: March 2017
Primary Completion Date: August 2016 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: ALD-301
Participants will receive ALD-301 via intramuscular injection
Biological: ALD-301
Ten 1ml injections of ALD-301 in the index calf and posterior, lower thigh
Other Names:
  • ALDH Bright Cells
  • ALDHbr
  • Aldehyde dehydrogenase-bright cells
Placebo Comparator: Placebo (vehicle)
Participants will receive placebo (vehicle)via intramuscular injection
Biological: Placebo (vehicle)
Ten 1ml injections of placebo in the index calf and posterior, lower thigh
Other Names:
  • Placebo
  • Vehicle
  • HSA
  • Human Serum Albumin

Detailed Description:

Peripheral Artery Disease (PAD) occurs when arteries in the arms and legs (most often the legs) become narrowed by plaque. Because of this plaque, patients with PAD are also at increased risk for heart attacks and strokes. Those with PAD often have intermittent claudication (blockage of blood vessels in the leg). This blockage decreases blood flow to the leg muscles, which can cause pain in one or both legs during exercise (such as during walking). Intermittent means the pain comes and goes. Because PAD interferes with circulation, worsening of this condition can increase pain in the leg; sometimes even during periods of rest.

Bone marrow contains special stem cells that may promote blood vessel growth, prevent cell death, and transform themselves into a number of tissues including new muscle. There is a small subpopulation of bone marrow mononuclear cells, called aldehyde dehydrogenase-bright (ALDHbr) cells, that is highly enriched in these types of stem cells. The enzyme in ALDHbr cells responds to damage signals and may play an important role in tissue repair.

In this study we investigate the safety and efficacy of bone marrow derived stem cells with particular characteristics in PAD patients with intermittent claudication and explore new end-points to evaluate therapeutic effects using novel MRI imaging modalities as well as traditional endpoints.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   40 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Patients with atherosclerotic peripheral artery disease with classic claudication (exercise-induced pain, cramps, fatigue, or other equivalent discomfort involving large muscle groups of the leg(s) that is consistently relieved by rest) or atypical leg pain (exertional leg pain that does not begin at rest or does not resolve consistently with rest) as defined by the San Diego Claudication Questionnaire.
  2. Age ≥40 years
  3. Resting ankle-brachial index <0.90 or a resting toe-brachial index of <0.70 at baseline testing
  4. Presence of significant stenosis or occlusion of infrainguinal arteries including the superficial femoral artery, popliteal artery and/or infrapopliteal arteries as determined by: Duplex ultrasound imaging (occlusion or focal doubling of peak systolic velocity of one or more affected segments) OR lower extremity computed Tomography Angiography (CTA) OR lower extremity magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) OR lower extremity catheter-based contrast arteriography. Each of these noninvasive and invasive anatomic assessments will identify patients with at least a 50% stenosis in the affected segment.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Presence of any musculoskeletal disease, cardiac or pulmonary disease, or neurological disease that limits the patient's ability to walk to fulfill protocol requirements (claudication must be the consistent primary exercise limitation)
  2. Inability to complete treadmill testing per protocol requirements.
  3. Ability to walk for more than 12 minutes on the treadmill during treadmill testing.
  4. Patients who identify both legs as equivocally symptomatic or alternate between symptomatic legs on the baseline treadmill tests.
  5. Patients with critical limb ischemia (ischemic rest pain or ischemia-related non healing wounds or tissue loss (Rutherford categories 4-6).
  6. Recent (<3 months) infrainguinal revascularization (surgery or endovascular revascularization) or revascularization planned during study period
  7. Patients with a patent infrainguinal bypass graft in the index limb, with or without evidence of a hemodynamically significant stenosis or other defect (kinking, pseudoaneurysm, or fistula). Patients with an occluded infrainguinal bypass graft or a patent aortobifemoral or femoral-femoral bypass graft are NOT excluded.
  8. Patients with >2+ lower extremity pitting edema
  9. Patients with myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS)
  10. Patients who are pregnant or lactating, planning to become pregnant in the next 12 months, or are unwilling to use acceptable forms of birth control during study participation.
  11. Congestive Heart Failure hospitalization within the last 1 month prior to enrollment
  12. Acute coronary syndrome in the last 1 month prior to enrollment
  13. Human Immunodeficiency Virus positive, active Hepatitis B Virus or Hepatitis C Virus Disease
  14. History of cancer within the last 5 years, except basal cell skin carcinoma
  15. Any bleeding diathesis defined as an International Normalized Ratio ≥ 2.0 (off anticoagulation therapy) or history of platelet count less than 100,000 or hemophilia
  16. Contraindication to magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) (including knee/tibial/fibular replacement hardware in the index leg) or known allergy to MRI contrast media
  17. Chronic kidney disease [effective Glomerular Filtration Rate <30 by modification of diet in renal disease (MDRD) or Mayo or Cockcroft-Gault formula]
  18. Uncontrolled diabetes [Hemoglobin A1C (HbA1C)>8.5]
  19. Planned change to (initiate or terminate) active involvement in a supervised exercise program (e.g., with a trainer, exercise protocol, and goals, such as in a peripheral arterial disease, cardiac or pulmonary rehabilitation program) during study participation
  20. Plans to change medical therapy during the duration of the study, (i.e. patients who use cilostazol should remain on a stable dose for four weeks prior to enrollment and should not change doses for the 6 months of the study duration.) As always, cilostazol can be discontinued if new heart failure or intolerance occurs during study participation.
  21. Any condition requiring immunosuppressant medications (e.g., for treatment of organ transplants, psoriasis, Crohn's disease, alopecia areata).
  22. History of inflammatory or progressively fibrotic conditions (e.g. rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosis, vasculitic disorders, idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, retroperitoneal fibrosis).
  23. Patients with any untreated stenosis > 70% of the distal aorta, common iliac, or external iliac arteries by CT, Angiography or MRI imaging will be excluded from enrollment (patients with previously successfully revascularized inflow stenoses may enroll in PACE). Subjects who were screen failures for a flow-limiting proximal lesion may be rescreened 3 months after successful angioplasty/stenting.
  24. Inability to provide written informed consent due to cognitive or language barriers (interpreter permitted)
  25. Concurrent enrollment in another clinical interventional investigative trial.
  26. Presence of any clinical condition that in the opinion of the principal Investigator or the sponsor makes the patient not suitable to participate in the trial
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01774097

Locations
United States, California
Stanford University School of Medicine (Falk Cardiovascular Research Center)
Stanford, California, United States, 94305
United States, Florida
University of Florida-Department of Medicine
Gainesville, Florida, United States, 32610
University of Miami-Interdisciplinary Stem Cell Institute
Miami, Florida, United States, 33101
Orlando Health Inc.
Orlando, Florida, United States, 32806
United States, Indiana
Indiana Center for Vascular Biology and Medicine
Indianapolis, Indiana, United States, 46202
United States, Kentucky
University of Louisville
Louisville, Kentucky, United States, 40202
United States, Minnesota
Minneapolis Heart Institute Foundation
Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States, 55407
Clinical and Translational Science Institute at University of Minnesota
Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States, 55455
United States, Texas
Texas Heart Institute
Houston, Texas, United States, 77030
Sponsors and Collaborators
The University of Texas Health Science Center, Houston
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
Aldagen
Center for Cell and Gene Therapy, Baylor College of Medicine
Investigators
Study Chair: Robert Simari, MD Cardiovascular Cell Therapy Research Network
  More Information

Additional Information:
Publications:
Hirsch AT, Haskal ZJ, Hertzer NR, Bakal CW, Creager MA, Halperin JL, Hiratzka LF, Murphy WR, Olin JW, Puschett JB, Rosenfield KA, Sacks D, Stanley JC, Taylor LM Jr, White CJ, White J, White RA, Antman EM, Smith SC Jr, Adams CD, Anderson JL, Faxon DP, Fuster V, Gibbons RJ, Hunt SA, Jacobs AK, Nishimura R, Ornato JP, Page RL, Riegel B; American Association for Vascular Surgery; Society for Vascular Surgery; Society for Cardiovascular Angiography and Interventions; Society for Vascular Medicine and Biology; Society of Interventional Radiology; ACC/AHA Task Force on Practice Guidelines Writing Committee to Develop Guidelines for the Management of Patients With Peripheral Arterial Disease; American Association of Cardiovascular and Pulmonary Rehabilitation; National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute; Society for Vascular Nursing; TransAtlantic Inter-Society Consensus; Vascular Disease Foundation. ACC/AHA 2005 Practice Guidelines for the management of patients with peripheral arterial disease (lower extremity, renal, mesenteric, and abdominal aortic): a collaborative report from the American Association for Vascular Surgery/Society for Vascular Surgery, Society for Cardiovascular Angiography and Interventions, Society for Vascular Medicine and Biology, Society of Interventional Radiology, and the ACC/AHA Task Force on Practice Guidelines (Writing Committee to Develop Guidelines for the Management of Patients With Peripheral Arterial Disease): endorsed by the American Association of Cardiovascular and Pulmonary Rehabilitation; National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute; Society for Vascular Nursing; TransAtlantic Inter-Society Consensus; and Vascular Disease Foundation. Circulation. 2006 Mar 21;113(11):e463-654. Review.

Responsible Party: Dr Lemuel A Moye III, Professor - School of Public Health, The University of Texas Health Science Center, Houston
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01774097     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: HSC-SPH-12-0785
UM1HL087318-06 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
Study First Received: January 18, 2013
Results First Received: January 3, 2017
Last Updated: March 10, 2017

Keywords provided by Dr Lemuel A Moye III, The University of Texas Health Science Center, Houston:
Peripheral Artery Disease
Intermittent Claudication
Autologous Stem Cells
ALDH cells
Claudicants
PAD
Peak Walking Time
MRI
Vascular Flow
Anatomy
Perfusion

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Intermittent Claudication
Peripheral Arterial Disease
Arteriosclerosis
Arterial Occlusive Diseases
Vascular Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Signs and Symptoms
Atherosclerosis
Peripheral Vascular Diseases

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on July 27, 2017