Mechanisms of Interplay Between Allergy and Viruses in Asthma
The aim of this study is to investigate the mechanisms of interplay between allergy (IgE and Th2 mediated inflammation) and virus infection in the development of asthma, as well as the risk and severity of acute exacerbations of asthma. Understanding these mechanisms should identify new approaches for novel therapies for the prevention of asthma development and for prevention/treatment of asthma exacerbations. Such treatment has potential to have a major impact on patient quality of life and to result in enormous reductions in health care costs.
A human model will be used to identify dysregulated genes/proteins and determine relationships with disease outcomes. This study will compare lower airway responses between asthmatic and healthy control subjects undergoing rhinovirus (RV) experimental infection (subjects will be infected with rhinovirus as part of the study). This will have the dual advantage of investigating mechanisms in the most natural model possible, as well as developing a better model for testing novel therapeutic approaches. The investigators will analyse the samples from both subject groups, to determine their relevance to the human disease. Any genes/proteins shown to be dysregulated and related to disease outcomes in the human model will be very strong candidates for immediate translation into human intervention studies.
Up to 12 asthmatic and/or healthy subjects will be recruited for a preliminary pilot study. These subjects will be ineligible to enter the main study due to the presence of neutralizing antibody to RV16 (~50% of subjects otherwise suitable for the study). These subjects will meet all other inclusion/exclusion criteria for the main study. The 12 participants will undergo tests including a single bronchoscopy, nasal sampling and blood tests allowing for optimisation of all sample processing techniques. They will not be infected with RV-16.
In the main study the investigators will aim to study up to 15 healthy volunteers and 15 volunteers with moderate asthma (all on inhaled steroid treatment). Subjects will undergo a single baseline bronchoscopy 2 weeks prior to inoculation with the RV16 virus. Following infection with the virus participants will be required to attend for regular sample collection including 2 further bronchoscopies post-infection. Patients will be followed until convalescence 6 weeks post infection.
|Study Design:||Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Basic Science
|Official Title:||Mechanisms of Interplay Between Allergy and Viruses in Asthma: A Human Model of Rhinovirus Induced Acute Asthma Exacerbations|
- Host response to RV challenge [ Time Frame: Prior to and 0-42 days post challenge ]The host response to RV challenge will be assessed daily for 8 days using methods including symptom diaries, lung function, detection of mediators in nasal and bronchial lining fluid, characterisation of different cell types in bronchoalveolar lavage as determined by flow cytometry. This will be compared with findings at baseline, day 11, 15 and up to 42 days post challenge.
|Study Start Date:||February 2013|
|Study Completion Date:||January 2016|
|Primary Completion Date:||August 2015 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
|Other: Rhinovirus Infection|
|Other: Rhinovirus Infection|
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01773590
|National Heart and Lung Institute|
|London, United Kingdom|
|Principal Investigator:||Sebastian Johnston||National Heart and Lung Institute|