Apokyn for Motor IMProvement of Morning AKinesia Trial (AM IMPAKT)

This study has been completed.
Cape Cod Clinical Research Inc.
ClinData Services, Inc.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
US WorldMeds LLC
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
First received: January 7, 2013
Last updated: September 11, 2015
Last verified: September 2015
This study is designed to assess the effect of APOKYN treatment in rapid and reliable improvement of motor symptoms in Parkinson's disease (PD) subjects suffering from delayed or unreliable onset of levodopa (L-dopa) action.

Condition Intervention Phase
Parkinson's Disease
Motor Symptoms
Delayed Levadopa Onset
Drug: L-dopa
Drug: Trimethobenzamide
Phase 4

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase 4, Open-Label, Efficacy and Safety Study of Apokyn® for Rapid and Reliable Improvement of Motor Symptoms in Parkinson Disease Subjects With Delayed Onset of L-Dopa Action

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by US WorldMeds LLC:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Change From Baseline in Average Daily "Time to on" ("TTO") by Subject Diary. [ Time Frame: L-Dopa Baseline Days 1-7 and APOKYN Treatment Days 1-7 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Patients will record daily "time to on" or "TTO" following their regularly scheduled first L-Dopa dose in the baseline period for 7 consecutive days. Following initiation on Apokyn therapy, patients will inject Apokyn at their regularly scheduled L-Dopa time (L-Dopa dosing will be delayed by 40 minutes following Apokyn injection) and record "time to on" or "TTO" from the injection. "Time to on" for both periods will be recorded in a standardized subject diary. Daily "TTO" for the baseline period will be averaged for each subject and compared to the daily "TTO" for the same subject during the treatment period to assess APOKYN's effect on "TTO".

Enrollment: 127
Study Start Date: December 2012
Study Completion Date: April 2014
Primary Completion Date: April 2014 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: APOKYN

APOKYN (apomorphine hydrochloride injection) is used as needed to treat off-episode motor symptoms, such as muscle stiffness, slow movements, and difficulty starting movements, in people with advanced Parkinson's disease (PD).

In the study, subjects will complete an L-Dopa Baseline Period in which they record daily "time to on" following their regularly scheduled L-Dopa morning dose for 7 days. At the end of the baseline period, patients will start trimethobenzamide therapy during a minimum 3-Day Anti-Emetic Pretreatment Period. Patients determined to remain eligible at the end of the required Anti-Emetic Pretreatmetn Period will be initiated on APOKYN therapy by an investigator. Once the appropriate dose is identified by a study investigator, patients will inject APOKYN at their regularly scheduled levodopa morning dose time (levodopa will be delayed by 40 minutes) daily during a 7-day APOKYN Treatment Period and record "time to on" following the APOKYN injection.

Apokyn will be titrated to an optimum dose which reproduces 90% of the subjects' "best on" UPDRS score during the Initiation Period. During the APOKYN Treatment Period, subjects will inject the dose identified in the initiation period once daily at the time of their normal scheduled L-Dopa dose (L-Dopa will be delayed by 40 minutes).
Other Name: apomorphine hydrochloride injection
Drug: L-dopa
Subjects on a stable L-Dopa regimen will be entered into the study. For the L-Dopa Baseline Period through the Initiation Period, subjects will continue their normal L-Dopa dosing regimen. During the APOKYN Treatment Period, subjects will replace their normally scheduled first morning L-Dopa dose with an APOKYN injection, and then administer their normal first morning L-Dopa dose 40 minutes later.
Other Name: Levodopa, Levodopa/Carbidopa, Sinemet, Sinemet CR, Parcopa
Drug: Trimethobenzamide
Following the L-Dopa Baseline Period, subjects will initiate trimethobenzamide treatment TID for a minimum of 3 days during a Anti-Emetic Pretreatment Period. Subjects will continue trimethobenzamide therapy TID through the duratoin of the APOKYN Initiation Period and APOKYN Treatment Period.
Other Name: Tigan

Detailed Description:

This Phase IV, Open-Label, Efficacy and Safety Study of APOKYN® is intended to assess the effect of APOKYN treatment in rapid and reliable improvement of motor symptoms in PD subjects suffering from delayed or unreliable onset of L-dopa action. The study will also include a sub-group of 8 subjects to evaluate their gastroparesis and assess their gastric empty with other measures to explore if APOKYN has any influence on gastric empty rather than just bypassing the stomach with a subcutaneous route of administration.

The primary objective of this study is to assess the effect of APOKYN treatment in rapid and reliable improvement of motor symptoms in PD subjects suffering from delayed or unreliable onset of L-dopa action (defined below). APOKYN treatment will also be assessed in a sub-group of PD subjects suffering from gastroparesis and delayed onset of L-dopa action.

Delayed or unreliable onset to L-dopa for the study population is defined as impaired motor function (tremor, bradykinesia, rigidity, and/or postural instability) persisting for a minimum of 45 minutes after taking a dose of L-dopa because of its delay in onset of action. The impaired motor function resulting from delay in L-dopa onset is referred to as "delayed ON" and when it occurs upon awakening is referred to as "morning akinesia."

Main Study:

This is a multicenter, multiple-treatment, open-label, outpatient study to evaluate the efficacy and safety of APOKYN in PD subjects with delayed onset of L dopa action. The study will have:

  • Screening - 1-5 days (Visit 1);
  • Baseline L-Dopa Period - 7 days, continuation of L dopa treatment;
  • Antiemetic Treatment Period - 3-days; initiation of trimethobenzamide 300 mg tid orally;
  • APOKYN Initiation/optimum dose identification Period (Visit 2)- variable, not more than 11 days;
  • APOKYN Treatment Period - 7 days, immediately upon identification of optimum dose;
  • Study Discharge (Visit 3)- within 2 days of completion of the APOKYN treatment period.

Gastroparesis Sub-Study:

A sub-group of subjects (n=8) from 1 study site that have symptoms of gastroparesis will be admitted to the clinic on 2 occasions to undergo gastroparesis procedures and assessments (once at the conclusion of the baseline L-dopa period and once at the conclusion of the APOKYN treatment period). Note, to do the second gastroparesis assessment, this sub-group of subjects will have an extension for one extra day beyond the designated 7 day APOKYN treatment period (i.e., it will be 8 days) in order to keep the 7 day diary recording outpatient scope of work the same as the rest of the subjects in the study. The second inpatient period will be also considered the end-of-study visit for this sub group.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Male or female ≥18 years of age.
  2. Idiopathic PD.
  3. Not currently taking APOKYN and, if previously prescribed APOKYN, did not discontinue therapy due to intolerable side effects/safety reasons.
  4. Prescribed L-dopa therapy at a steady maintenance dose, representing an optimal treatment regimen in the opinion of the Investigator, for at least 4 weeks before study participation.
  5. Minimum subject-reported "TTO" in the early morning (time to end akinetic/ bradykinetic state resulting from delay in L-dopa onset of action) of 45 minutes after the first morning L-dopa dose for a minimum of 3 days/week (as determined with the subject diary at Visit 2).
  6. Able to adequately differentiate between and describe variations in "on" and "off" states in the opinion of the Investigator.
  7. I to III Modified Hoehn and Yahr stage in the "on" state (Appendix B).
  8. Be seeking treatment for early morning akinesia.
  9. If female and of childbearing potential, must agree to use one of the following methods of birth control:

    • Oral contraceptive;
    • Patch;
    • Barrier (diaphragm, sponge or condom) plus spermicidal preparations;
    • Intrauterine contraceptive system;
    • Levonorgestrel implant;
    • Medroxyprogesterone acetate contraceptive injection;
    • Complete abstinence from sexual intercourse;
    • Hormonal vaginal contraceptive ring; or
    • Surgical sterilization or partner sterile (must have documented proof).
  10. Access to a live-in caregiver, if needed.
  11. Willing and able to comply with scheduled visits, treatment plan, laboratory tests, and other study-related procedures to complete the study.
  12. Able to verbalize understanding of the consent form, able to provide written informed consent.

    The following must be present for inclusion in the single site gastroparesis sub-study:

  13. Have symptoms of gastroparesis.
  14. Have improvement of at least one Modified Hoehn and Yahr stage from "off" to "on."
  15. Currently seeking treatment for delayed L-dopa onset.
  16. Have no allergy to eggs.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Changes in L-dopa dosing regimen 4 weeks before the screening visit.
  2. Female who is pregnant or lactating.
  3. Contraindications to APOKYN or hypersensitive to apomorphine hydrochloride or any of the ingredients of APOKYN (notably sodium metabisulfite).
  4. Participation in any other clinical trial within 14 days of the screening visit.
  5. Receipt of any investigational (i.e., unapproved) medication within 30 days of the screening visit.
  6. Currently taking, or likely to need to take at any time during the course of the study, any 5HT3 antagonist (i.e., ondansetron, granisetron, dolasetron, palonosetron, alosetron).
  7. Currently taking medications for treatment of gastroparesis (e.g., erythromycin, cisapride, metoclopromide).
  8. Malignant melanoma or a history of previously treated malignant melanoma within 5 years.
  9. Serious medical illness including, but not limited to:

    • Liver disease;
    • Kidney problems; and
    • Heart problems.
  10. Psychiatric disorder, including but not limited to dementia or any disorder that, in the opinion of the Investigator requires ongoing treatment that would make study participation unsafe or make treatment compliance difficult.
  11. Lack of compliance and follow-up.
  12. Any other condition, current therapy, or prior therapy (within 30 days of the screening visit), which, in the opinion of the Investigator, would make the subject unsuitable for the study.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01770145

United States, California
Keck School of Medicine
Los Angeles, California, United States, 90033
Neurosearch, Inc.
Reseda, California, United States, 91335
United States, District of Columbia
Georgetown University
Washington DC, District of Columbia, United States, 20007
United States, Florida
Parkinson's Disease and Movement Disorders Center of Boca Raton
Boca Raton, Florida, United States, 33486
United States, Illinois
Rush University Medical Center
Chicago, Illinois, United States, 60612
United States, Michigan
Henry Ford West Bloomfield Hospital
Bloomfield Hills, Michigan, United States, 48322
United States, New York
Parkinson's Disease and Movement Disorders Center of New York
Commack, New York, United States, 11725
United States, Ohio
University of Cincinnati Academic Health Center
Cincinnati, Ohio, United States, 45267
University Hospitals Case Medical Center
Cleveland, Ohio, United States, 44106
United States, Oklahoma
The Movement Disorder Clinic of Oklahoma
Tulsa, Oklahoma, United States, 74136
United States, Texas
University of Texas Health Science Center, Houston, Department of Neurology
Houston, Texas, United States, 77030
Center for Neurological Care and Research
San Antonio, Texas, United States, 78240
Sponsors and Collaborators
US WorldMeds LLC
Cape Cod Clinical Research Inc.
ClinData Services, Inc.
Principal Investigator: Stuart H. Isaacson, MD Parkinson's Disease and Movement Disorders Center of Boca Raton
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: US WorldMeds LLC
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01770145     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: USWM-AP1-4001
Study First Received: January 7, 2013
Results First Received: June 29, 2015
Last Updated: September 11, 2015
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration
United States: Institutional Review Board

Keywords provided by US WorldMeds LLC:
Motor symptoms
Parkinson's Disease
Delayed Onset
Unified Parkinson Disease Rating Scale (UPDRS) motor scores
Dopamine agonist

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Parkinson Disease
Basal Ganglia Diseases
Brain Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Movement Disorders
Nervous System Diseases
Neurodegenerative Diseases
Parkinsonian Disorders
Anti-Dyskinesia Agents
Antiparkinson Agents
Autonomic Agents
Central Nervous System Agents
Dopamine Agents
Dopamine Agonists
Gastrointestinal Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Neurotransmitter Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Pharmacologic Actions
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Therapeutic Uses

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on November 27, 2015