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Goal Achievement After Utilizing an Anti-PCSK9 Antibody in Statin Intolerant Subjects -2 (GAUSS-2)

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01763905
First Posted: January 9, 2013
Last Update Posted: December 22, 2015
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Amgen
  Purpose
The primary objective was to evaluate the effect of 12 weeks of subcutaneous (SC) evolocumab every 2 weeks (Q2W) and monthly (QM), compared with ezetimibe, on percent change from baseline in low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) in hypercholesterolemic adults unable to tolerate an effective dose of a statin (HMG-CoA (5-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coenzyme A) reductase inhibitors).

Condition Intervention Phase
Hyperlipidemia Biological: Evolocumab Drug: Placebo to Evolocumab Drug: Ezetimibe Drug: Placebo to Ezetimibe Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Double-blind, Randomized, Multicenter Study to Evaluate Safety and Efficacy of AMG 145, Compared With Ezetimibe, in Hypercholesterolemic Subjects Unable to Tolerate an Effective Dose of a HMG-CoA Reductase Inhibitor

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Amgen:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Percent Change From Baseline in LDL-C at Week 12 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 12 ]
  • Percent Change From Baseline in LDL-C at the Mean of Weeks 10 and 12 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Weeks 10 and 12 ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Change From Baseline in LDL-C at the Mean of Weeks 10 and 12 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Weeks 10 and 12 ]
  • Change From Baseline in LDL-C at Week 12 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 12 ]
  • Percentage of Participants With Mean LDL-C at Weeks 10 and 12 of Less Than 70 mg/dL (1.8 mmol/L) [ Time Frame: Weeks 10 and 12 ]
  • Percentage of Participants With LDL-C < 70 mg/dL (1.8 mmol/L) at Week 12 [ Time Frame: Week 12 ]
  • Percent Change From Baseline in Non-HDL-C at the Mean of Weeks 10 and 12 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Weeks 10 and 12 ]
  • Percent Change From Baseline in Non-HDL-C at Week 12 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 12 ]
  • Percent Change From Baseline in Apolipoprotein B at the Mean of Weeks 10 and 12 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Weeks 10 and 12 ]
  • Percent Change From Baseline in Apolipoprotein B at Week 12 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 12 ]
  • Percent Change From Baseline in the Total Cholesterol/High Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol Ratio at the Mean of Weeks 10 and 12 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Weeks 10 and 12 ]
  • Percent Change From Baseline in the Total Cholesterol/High Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol Ratio at Week 12 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 12 ]
  • Percent Change From Baseline in Apolipoprotein B/Apolipoprotein A1 Ratio at the Mean of Weeks 10 and 12 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Weeks 10 and 12 ]
  • Percent Change From Baseline in Apolipoprotein B/Apolipoprotein A1 Ratio at Week 12 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 12 ]
  • Percent Change From Baseline in Lipoprotein (a) at the Mean of Weeks 10 and 12 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Weeks 10 and 12 ]
  • Percent Change From Baseline in Lipoprotein (a) at Week 12 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 12 ]
  • Percent Change From Baseline in Triglycerides at the Mean of Weeks 10 and 12 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Weeks 10 and 12 ]
  • Percent Change From Baseline in Triglycerides at Week 12 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 12 ]
  • Percent Change From Baseline in High-Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol (HDL-C) at the Mean of Weeks 10 and 12 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Weeks 10 and 12 ]
  • Percent Change From Baseline in High-Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol (HDL-C) at Week 12 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 12 ]
  • Percent Change From Baseline in Very Low-Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol at the Mean of Weeks 10 and 12 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Weeks 10 and 12 ]
  • Percent Change From Baseline in Very Low-Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol at Week 12 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 12 ]

Enrollment: 307
Study Start Date: January 2013
Study Completion Date: November 2013
Primary Completion Date: November 2013 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Active Comparator: Ezetimibe (Q2W)
Participants received placebo subcutaneous injection once every 2 weeks and 10 mg ezetimibe orally once a day for up to 12 weeks.
Drug: Placebo to Evolocumab
Subcutaneous injection
Drug: Ezetimibe
Tablet for oral administration
Other Name: Zetia
Active Comparator: Ezetimibe (QM)
Participants received placebo subcutaneous injection once a month and 10 mg ezetimibe orally once a day for up to 12 weeks.
Drug: Placebo to Evolocumab
Subcutaneous injection
Drug: Ezetimibe
Tablet for oral administration
Other Name: Zetia
Experimental: Evolocumab Q2W
Participants received 140 mg evolocumab by subcutaneous injection once every 2 weeks and placebo tablets once a day for up to 12 weeks.
Biological: Evolocumab
Subcutaneous injection
Other Names:
  • AMG 145
  • Repatha
Drug: Placebo to Ezetimibe
Tablet for oral administration
Experimental: Evolocumab QM
Participants received 420 mg evolocumab by subcutaneous injection once a month and placebo tablets once a day for up to 12 weeks.
Biological: Evolocumab
Subcutaneous injection
Other Names:
  • AMG 145
  • Repatha
Drug: Placebo to Ezetimibe
Tablet for oral administration

  Eligibility

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 80 Years   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Male or female ≥ 18 to ≤ 80 years of age
  • Not on a statin or on a low dose statin with stable dose for at least 4 weeks
  • History of intolerance to at least 2 statins
  • Subject not at LDL-C goal
  • Lipid lowering therapy has been stable prior to enrolment for at least 4 weeks.
  • Fasting triglycerides ≤ 400 mg/dL

Exclusion Criteria:

  • New York Heart Association (NYHA) III or IV heart failure
  • Uncontrolled cardiac arrhythmia
  • Uncontrolled hypertension
  • Type 1 diabetes, poorly controlled type 2 diabetes
  • Uncontrolled hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism
  Contacts and Locations
Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01763905


  Show 58 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Amgen
Investigators
Study Director: MD Amgen
  More Information

Additional Information:
Publications:
Responsible Party: Amgen
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01763905     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 20110116
2012-001364-30 ( EudraCT Number )
First Submitted: January 7, 2013
First Posted: January 9, 2013
Results First Submitted: September 2, 2015
Results First Posted: December 22, 2015
Last Update Posted: December 22, 2015
Last Verified: November 2015

Keywords provided by Amgen:
High Cholesterol, Treatment for high cholesterol, Lowering cholesterol, Lowering high cholesterol, Hypercholesterolemia

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Hyperlipidemias
Hyperlipoproteinemias
Dyslipidemias
Lipid Metabolism Disorders
Metabolic Diseases
Ezetimibe
Antibodies, Monoclonal
Anticholesteremic Agents
Hypolipidemic Agents
Antimetabolites
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Lipid Regulating Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs