LARGE Aneurysm Randomized Trial: Flow Diversion Versus Traditional Endovascular Coiling Therapy (LARGE)

This study is currently recruiting participants. (see Contacts and Locations)
Verified September 2015 by Medical University of South Carolina
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Medical University of South Carolina
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01762137
First received: November 16, 2012
Last updated: October 1, 2015
Last verified: September 2015
  Purpose
In this study, patients with large anterior circulation IAs with neck and fundus morphologies amenable to either traditional endovascular treatments using coils or reconstruction with the flow diversion will be randomly assigned to either treatment technique.

Condition Intervention Phase
Intracranial Aneurysm
Procedure: Flow Diversion
Procedure: Coiling
Phase 4

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: LARGE Aneurysm Randomized Trial: Flow Diversion Versus Traditional Endovascular Coiling Therapy

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Medical University of South Carolina:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • The primary aim of aneurysm treatment is to achieve occlusion of the IA without morbidity or mortality. [ Time Frame: approaximately 180 days after aneurysm treatement procedure ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Greater than 90% angiographic occlusion AND stable (or decreased) aneurysm size on cross sectional imaging (CT or MR) at 180 days post procedure. The primary objective is to show that flow diversion is non-inferior to endovascular coiling with respect to a combined efficacy and safety endpoint.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Incidence of device or procedure related adverse events at 180 days, 1 year and 3 years. [ Time Frame: approximately 90 days, 180 days, 1 year, 2 year and 3 year ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    a count of the occurrences of device related Adverse Events will be recorded and compared between randomized groups at 90, 180, 1year, 2 year, and 3 year time points.

  • Subgroup analysis of clinical and angiographic outcomes in aneurysms 10-20 mm and > 2 cm. [ Time Frame: approximately 3 years after aneurysm treatment procedure ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    A comparison will be made as a subgroup analysis of clinical and angiographic outcomes in aneurysms 10-20 mm and > 2 cm. will be measured based on efficacy (Greater than 90% angiographic occlusion AND stable (or decreased) aneurysm size on cross sectional imaging (CT or MR) at 180 days post procedure) and Safety (Free of any major neurologic event (defined as change in NIHSS from baseline > 4 points) downstream from target aneurysm, or death at 180 days post procedure) within this subgroup of study patients.

  • Downstream flow related ischemic stroke, parenchymal hemorrhage, subarachnoid hemorrhage, aneurysm rupture or re-treatment of index aneurysm rates at 180 days, one year and 3 years. [ Time Frame: approaximately 180 days, 1 year, and 3 years after aneurysm treatement procedure ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    A count of occurrences of downstream flow related ischemic stroke, parenchymal hemorrhage, subarachnoid hemorrhage, aneurysm rupture or re-treatment of index aneurysm rates at 180 days, one year and 3 years. will be measured and compared at each time point: 180 days, 1 year, and 3 year between groups

  • Change in clinical functional outcome at 180 days, 1 year and 3 years post-endovascular treatment procedure, as measured by an increase in the modified Rankin Scale from baseline. [ Time Frame: 180 days, 1 year and 3 years post-endovascular treatment procedure ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    A comparison between groups will be conducted of change in modified rankin scale. The comparison will be measured by an increase in the modified Rankin Scale from baseline, change in clinical functional outcome at 180 days, 1 year and 3 years post-endovascular treatment procedure, as measured by an increase in the modified Rankin Scale from baseline.

  • Incidence of worsening of baseline neurological signs/symptoms as measured by NIHSS/ophthalmologist exam related to target intracranial aneurysm (IA) at 180 days. [ Time Frame: 180 days ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    A count and comparison of the incidence of worsening of baseline neurologic signs/symptoms as measured by national institutes of health stroke scale (NIHSS) or ophthalmological exam related to target IA at 180 days will be made between groups.

  • Number of inpatient hospital (and re-hospitalized) days (subgrouped >7 days) at 180 days, 1 year and 3 years. [ Time Frame: 180 days, 1 year and 3 years. ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    A count and comparison of the number of inpatient hospital (and re-hospitalized) days (subgrouped >7 days) at 180 days, 1 year and 3 years will be performed between groups

  • Packing density as measured by volumetric filling of the aneurysm if aneurysm is coiled. [ Time Frame: after initial procedure, day 0 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    An analysis of packing density as measured by volumetric filling of the aneurysm if aneurysm is coiled will be performed. The analysis will show within group relationships and possible correlations among coiled patients and other variables.

  • Device cost of therapy at treatment and any subsequent retreatment. [ Time Frame: approximately 6 years after the initial procedure ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Device cost of therapy at treatment and any subsequent retreatment will be counted and compared between groups in the study.

  • Procedure time, as measured as the time from placement of the treating guide catheter for purposes of aneurysm treatment until guide catheter removal. [ Time Frame: approximately 6 years after the initial procedure ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Procedure time, as measured as the time from placement of the treating guide catheter for purposes of aneurysm treatment until guide catheter removal, will be collected, measured and compared between groups in the study.

  • Subgroup analysis of clinical and angiographic outcomes in aneurysms intradural vs. extradural location [ Time Frame: approximately 3 years after aneurysm treatment procedure ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    A comparison will be made as a subgroup analysis of clinical and angiographic outcomes in aneurysms of intradural vs. extradural location and will be measured based on efficacy (Greater than 90% angiographic occlusion AND stable (or decreased) aneurysm size on cross sectional imaging (CT or MR) at 180 days post procedure) and Safety (Free of any major neurologic event (defined as change in NIHSS from baseline > 4 points) downstream from target aneurysm, or death at 180 days post procedure) within this subgroup of study patients.

  • Subgroup analysis of clinical and angiographic outcomes in aneurysms reconstructive vs. deconstructive technique. [ Time Frame: approximately 3 years after aneurysm treatment procedure ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    A comparison will be made as a subgroup analysis of clinical and angiographic outcomes in aneurysms treated with reconstructive vs. deconstructive technique and will be measured based on efficacy (Greater than 90% angiographic occlusion AND stable (or decreased) aneurysm size on cross sectional imaging (CT or MR) at 180 days post procedure) and Safety (Free of any major neurologic event (defined as change in NIHSS from baseline > 4 points) downstream from target aneurysm, or death at 180 days post procedure) within this subgroup of study patients.


Estimated Enrollment: 316
Study Start Date: February 2013
Estimated Study Completion Date: October 2018
Estimated Primary Completion Date: April 2018 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Active Comparator: Coiling
Coiling
Procedure: Coiling
Endovascular coil placement
Active Comparator: Flow Diversion
Flow Diversion
Procedure: Flow Diversion
Endovascular flow diverter placement

Detailed Description:
This is a prospective, randomized trial comparing the endovascular coiling (endovascular coiling) versus the flow diversion for large and giant aneurysm treatment. The endovascular coiling used in this study are FDA-approved and in common use at institutions in this country and across the world. The flow diversion devices are FDA-approved for anterior circulation aneurysms >10 mm and are in common use at institutions in this country and across the world. Patients will be enrolled who meet the inclusion criteria and consent to participate. Patients will be randomly assigned by a central web-based system in a 1:1 manner to treatment with either endovascular coiling or flow diversion. Data on each patient will be collected at the time of enrollment and treatment, and at subsequent follow-up visits.
  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   21 Years to 75 Years   (Adult, Senior)
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion criteria

  1. Age 21 to 75 years, inclusive
  2. Patient has a single target IA that: is located in the following regions of the internal carotid artery:

    1. Paraophthalmic (including paraclinoid, ophthalmic and hypophyseal segments)
    2. Cavernous
    3. Petrous
  3. has a parent vessel with diameter 2.5-5.0 mm
  4. Wide neck aneurysm ≥4 mm.
  5. Target IA has size (maximum fundus diameter) 10 mm
  6. The operator feels that the aneurysm can be appropriately treated with traditional endovascular techniques (endovascular coil embolization with or without adjunctive devices or parent artery deconstruction) using endovascular coiling or flow diversion devices.
  7. Modified Rankin Scale 0-3
  8. Signed and dated informed consent

4.2 Exclusion criteria

  1. More than one IA requiring treatment in the next 6 months
  2. Subarachnoid hemorrhage in the past 60 days
  3. Any intracranial hemorrhage in the last 42 days
  4. Major surgery (requiring general anesthesia) in the last 42 days
  5. Coils in place in the target IA
  6. Unstable neurologic deficit (i.e., any rapidly worsening clinical condition in the last 30 days (defined by a change in mRS of 2 or more))
  7. Known irreversible bleeding disorder
  8. Platelet count < 100 x 103 cells/mm3 or known platelet dysfunction
  9. Clinically documented evidence in medical history of adverse reaction or contraindication to medications used in treatment of the aneurysm (i.e. Plavix, heparin, aspirin)
  10. Prior stent placement at target site
  11. Documented history of dementia
  12. Contraindication to CT scan and MRI (ie. contrast allergy, or other condition that prohibits imaging from either CT or MRI)
  13. Known allergy to contrast used in angiography that cannot be medically controlled
  14. Known severe allergy to platinum or cobalt/chromium alloys
  15. Relative contraindication to angiography (e.g., serum creatinine > 2.5 mg/dL)
  16. Pregnancy, breast-feeding, or positive pregnancy test [either serum or urine] (Woman of child-bearing potential must have a negative pregnancy test prior to the study procedure.)
  17. Evidence of active infection (indicated by fever [at or over 99.9 °F] and/or open draining wound) at the time of randomization
  18. Other known conditions of the heart, blood, brain or intracranial vessels that carry a high risk of neurologic events (e.g., severe heart failure, atrial fibrillation, known carotid stenosis)
  19. Current use of cocaine or other illicit substance
  20. Any comorbid disease or condition expected to compromise survival or ability to complete Follow-up assessments through 180 days
  21. Extracranial stenosis greater than 50% in the carotid artery
  22. Intracranial stenosis greater than 50% in the treated vessel
  23. Based on investigator's judgment, patient does not have the necessary mental capacity to participate or is unwilling or unable to comply with protocol follow up appointment schedule.
  24. "Previously randomized into this trial or currently participating in another trial where the data is intended to be used to obtain marketing approval or to broaden an indication, without the approval of the study principal investigator, that may confound the results of this study.

A screen failure log of all cases referred or presented for possible inclusion, but who were not randomized, and the reason(s) for exclusion will be maintained.

  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01762137

Contacts
Contact: Adrian Parker, MA 843-792-3164 parkerad@musc.edu

Locations
United States, South Carolina
MUSC Recruiting
Charleston, South Carolina, United States, 29425
Contact: Adrian Parker       parkerad@musc.edu   
Principal Investigator: Aquilla Turk, DO         
Sub-Investigator: David Fiorella, MD         
Sub-Investigator: Jay Mocco, MD         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Medical University of South Carolina
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Aquilla Turk, DO Medical University of South Carolina
  More Information

Responsible Party: Medical University of South Carolina
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01762137     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: PRO18426 
Study First Received: November 16, 2012
Last Updated: October 1, 2015
Health Authority: United States: Institutional Review Board

Keywords provided by Medical University of South Carolina:
Aneurysm
Coiling
Flow Diversion

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Aneurysm
Intracranial Aneurysm
Vascular Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Intracranial Arterial Diseases
Cerebrovascular Disorders
Brain Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on August 25, 2016