A Phase 2 Study of ASONEP™ to Treat Unresectable and Refractory Renal Cell Carcinoma

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01762033
Recruitment Status : Terminated
First Posted : January 7, 2013
Last Update Posted : January 20, 2016
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Lpath, Inc.

Brief Summary:
This Phase 2a study will investigate the efficacy, safety and tolerability of ASONEP™ (sonepcizumab/LT1009) when administered intravenously once a week, every 4 weeks (or cycle), to subjects with refractory renal cell carcinoma (RCC) until the disease progresses. Subjects who have failed 3 prior treatments for RCC including vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and/or mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) inhibitors or who have tumors that cannot be surgically removed will be eligible for screening.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Renal Cell Carcinoma Drug: ASONEP Phase 2

Detailed Description:
LT1009-Onc-002 is a Phase 2a open-label, multi-center study designed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of ASONEP (sonepcizumab/LT1009) monotherapy in subjects with advanced, unresectable, refractory RCC who have previously failed up to 3 therapies, including VEGF and/or mTOR inhibitors. Two cohorts will be enrolled for a total of up to 39 subjects. Subjects will receive an intravenous (IV) infusion of ASONEP™ over 90 minutes at 24 mg/kg once a week and progression-free survival (PFS) will be assessed after 8 weeks of treatment. Cohort 1 will enroll approximately 22 subjects. A second cohort of up to 17 subjects will be enrolled if at least 12 out of 22 subjects from Cohort 1 demonstrated PFS at 8 weeks. Weekly dosing will take place from the date of randomization until the date of first documented progression or date of death from any cause, whichever comes first.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 40 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Multi-Center, Open-Label, Single-Arm, Phase 2 Study of ASONEP™ (Sonepcizumab/LT1009) Administered as a Single Agent to Subjects With Refractory Renal Cell Carcinoma
Study Start Date : February 2013
Actual Primary Completion Date : September 2015
Actual Study Completion Date : September 2015

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

U.S. FDA Resources

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: ASONEP
ASONEP will be administered by intravenous infusion over 90 minutes at 15 mg/kg once a week every 4 consecutive weeks per cycle
Intravenous infusion
Other Names:
  • Sonepcizumab
  • LT1009

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Progression-Free Survival [ Time Frame: 8 weeks ]
    The study will use a two-cohort design based on an 8-week PFS rate. Treatment will be considered promising if at least 12 out of the first 22 eligible subjects entered in the Cohort 1 of the study are progression free at Week 8. Enrollment of Cohort 2 will then proceed and be considered worthy of further evaluation if at least 25 out of 39 eligible subjects are progression free at Week 8. If no efficacy signal is observed after enrollment of 22 subjects in Cohort 1, the second cohort will not be enrolled and the clinical study may be stopped.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Safety and Tolerability - Incidence and frequency of adverse events and serious adverse events [ Time Frame: 8 weeks ]
    The incidence and frequency of adverse events and serious adverse events

Other Outcome Measures:
  1. Pharmacokinetics Trough Concentrations [ Time Frame: Pre-dose, weeks 1, 2, 4 of Cycle 1; pre-dose, weeks 2, 4 of Cycle 2 ]
    Descriptive statistics (mean, median, standard deviation and coefficient of variation) will be used to summarize trough concentrations. For subjects testing positive for anti-drug antibodies (ADA) to ASONEP, the relationship between plasma ADA titers and ASONEP trough concentrations will be evaluated.

  2. Tumor Response Rate [ Time Frame: 8 weeks ]
    Imaging-based tumor assessments will be performed and response determined according to RECIST 1.1 criteria

  3. Changes in Surrogate Markers [ Time Frame: 8 weeks ]
    Blood samples will be drawn for lymphocyte, antibody, cytokine, VEGF and basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) analysis

  4. Changes in Anti-drug Antibodies [ Time Frame: 8 weeks ]
    Plasma samples will be evaluated for presence of ADA. If presence of ADA in plasma is confirmed, titers of anti-ASONEP will be determined.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Unresectable, locally advanced recurrent or metastatic RCC
  • Histological or cytological confirmation of clear cell RCC - core tissue biopsy of either primary tumor or metastatic lesion with paraffin-embedded tissue specimens if no prior nephrectomy
  • Measurable disease by RECIST 1.1
  • Had one prior therapy for unresectable RCC with a VEGF/VEGFR targeted therapy (sunitinib, sorafenib, other VEGFR TKI or bevacizumab) - One prior treatment with an mTOR inhibitor (everolimus, temsirolimus or sirolimus) for unresectable disease permitted-Prior immunotherapy (immunomodulators such as cytokines, interleukins, vaccines, etc.) such as IL-2 also permitted
  • Male or non-pregnant, non-nursing female
  • Life expectancy ≥3 months
  • ECOG performance status of 0, 1 or 2
  • Must not be receiving any concurrent anticancer therapy
  • Baseline CT or MRI scans of measurable disease sites by RECIST 1.1 performed within 2 weeks of Day 0 - For subjects with bone metastases, baseline bone scan performed within 4 weeks of study entry
  • Adequate organ and immune function (within 7 days of Day 0):

Hemoglobin >9 g/dL−Absolute neutrophil count >1500 cells/uL without growth factors−Platelet count ≥100x10^9/L without transfusion−Serum creatinine <2.0x ULN or creatinine clearance >40 mL/min−Total bilirubin <1.5x ULN−AST/ALT <2.5x ULN (or <5.0x ULN if liver metastases present)−INR and aPTT <1.5x ULN

  • Subject lesions for arterial spin labeling (ASL) MRI ≥2.5cm by CT imaging
  • Must understand, be able and willing to fully comply with study procedures

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Prior treatment with >3 VEGF pathway and/or mTOR inhibitors for RC cancer
  • History of other CNS disease (spinal cord compression, or evidence of symptomatic brain or leptomeningeal carcinomatosis)
  • Major surgery within 4 weeks of Day 0
  • Radiation therapy within 4 weeks of baseline/infusion. Prior palliative radiation to metastatic lesions is acceptable if there is at least one measurable, non-radiated lesion
  • Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection requiring parenteral antibiotics on Day 0
  • Known or suspected intolerance or hypersensitivity to study materials or any excipients
  • Evidence of bowel obstruction because of theoretical possibility of GI perforation with an anti-angiogenesis agent
  • Severe hemorrhage within 4 weeks of screening
  • History of GI perforation
  • History of non-healing wounds including ulcer or delayed bone fractures
  • Prolonged QTc interval on baseline ECG (>450 msec for males or >470 msec for females), cardiac dysrhythmias including atrial fibrillation, torsade de pointes, ventricular tachycardia or fibrillation, pathologic sinus bradycardia (<60 bpm), heart block (excluding 1st degree block, being PR interval prolongation only), congenital long QT syndrome or new ST segment elevation or depression or new Q wave on ECG
  • Secondary malignancy within the last 5 years, except for adequately-treated basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell skin cancer, superficial bladder tumors, or in situ cervical cancer
  • Previously enrolled in an sonepcizumab study or into this study and subsequently withdrawn
  • History of alcohol or other substance abuse within the last year
  • Use of corticosteroids or other immunosuppression (if taking systemic steroids [vs. topical], at least 4 weeks must have passed since the last dose)
  • Growth factors within 1 week of screening
  • Serious medical conditions that might be aggravated by treatment or limit compliance
  • Cerebrovascular accident or transient ischemic attack, or pulmonary embolism within 6 months prior to screening
  • Participation in another clinical trial
  • Other severe or intercurrent acute or chronic medical or psychiatric condition or laboratory abnormality that may increase risk associated with study participation or study drug administration

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT01762033

United States, California
City of Hope Comprehensive Cancer Center
Duarte, California, United States, 91010
United States, Florida
Florida Cancer Specialists
Fort Myers, Florida, United States, 33908
Florida Cancer Specialists
Inverness, Florida, United States, 34453
United States, South Carolina
Medical University of South Carolina
Charleston, South Carolina, United States, 29425
United States, Tennessee
Tennessee Oncology
Nashville, Tennessee, United States, 37203
Sponsors and Collaborators
Lpath, Inc.
Study Director: Susan Hazel Lpath, Inc.

Responsible Party: Lpath, Inc. Identifier: NCT01762033     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: LT1009-Onc-002
First Posted: January 7, 2013    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: January 20, 2016
Last Verified: January 2016

Keywords provided by Lpath, Inc.:
Renal cell carcinoma
Renal cell cancer

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Carcinoma, Renal Cell
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Kidney Neoplasms
Urologic Neoplasms
Urogenital Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Kidney Diseases
Urologic Diseases