We updated the design of this site on December 18, 2017. Learn more.
ClinicalTrials.gov Menu

Dexmedetomidine for Sepsis in ICU Randomized Evaluation Trial (DESIRE)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01760967
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : January 4, 2013
Last Update Posted : February 28, 2017
Information provided by (Responsible Party):

Study Description
Brief Summary:


Dexmedetomidine, a highly selective arfa2-adrenergic agonist, is known to be a unique sedative agent which causes less acute tolerance, drug addiction and withdrawal compared with gamma-aminobutyrate (GABA) agonists. Dexmedetomidine was approved for short-term ICU sedation in 2004 in Japan, and it has been used particularly for surgical ICU patients. In August 2010 dexmedetomidine was approved in Japan for sedation lasting more than 24 hours.

Recent evidence demonstrated that dexmedetomidine has organ protective effects including neuroprotection, cardioprotection, renal protection, gastrointestinal tract action, and anti-inflammatory action. Dexmedetomidine was shown to significantly decrease the infarct size in isolated rat hearts. Additionally, dexmedetomidine exhibited a preconditioning effect against ischemic injury in hippocampal slices, and this result was considered an apoptosis suppression effect of dexmedetomidine. Aydin C et al reported that dexmedetomidine enhanced the spontaneous contractions of the ileum in peritonitis rats compared with propofol and midazolam. Taniguchi and colleagues demonstrated that dexmedetomidine reduced high mortality rates and the plasma cytokine concentrations, interleukin-6 and tumor necrosis factor alpha in endotoxemic rats.

A meta-analysis has shown that perioperative alfa2-adrenergic agonists, including dexmedetomidine infusion, decreased cardiovascular events on patients undergoing cardiac surgery. Dexmedetomidine treated patients undergoing thoracotomy indicated increase in urine output, reduction in serum creatinine, and the suppression of diuretics in a randomized placebo-controlled double-blind study. Septic patients receiving dexmedetomidine had improved 28-day mortality rates compared with septic patients receiving lorazepam in a sub-group analysis of MENDS randomized controlled trial.

These positive effects of dexmedetomidine on the cardiovascular system, neurons, kidneys, gastrointestinal tract action, and an anti-inflammatory action, are expected to improve mortality in septic patients. However, large clinical research studies have not been conducted yet. We designed and conducted the DESIRE trial (DExmedetomidine for Sepsis in ICU Randomized Evaluation trial) to test a hypothesis that dexmedetomidine may improve clinical outcome and has these organ protective effects on septic patients.


To determine whether dexmedetomidine improves clinical outcome and has organ protective effects on septic patients.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Sepsis Drug: Dexmedetomidine Phase 4

Study Design

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 203 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Effect of Dexmedetomidine on Mortality, Duration of Mechanical Ventilation and Multi-organ Function in Sepsis Patients Under Lighter Sedation by Randomized Control Trial
Study Start Date : January 2013
Primary Completion Date : January 2016
Study Completion Date : January 2016

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Sepsis
U.S. FDA Resources

Arms and Interventions

Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: Dexmedetomidine
administer dexmedetomidine (0.1-0.7ug/kg/h) from the beginning of ICU treatment
Drug: Dexmedetomidine
intervention to administer dexmedetomidine or not
Active Comparator: non-Dexmedetomidine
administer sedatives except Dexmedetomidine
Drug: Dexmedetomidine
intervention to administer dexmedetomidine or not

Outcome Measures

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. mortality [ Time Frame: on 28 days ]
    mortality of patients on 28 days or on a day of discharge if patients are discharged earlier than 28 days

  2. duration of mechanical ventilation [ Time Frame: up to 28 days ]
    duration of mechanical ventilation in the ICU involving non-invasive ventilation

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. length of stay in the ICU [ Time Frame: up to 28 days ]
  2. length of stay in the hospital [ Time Frame: up to 28 days ]
  3. Evaluation of restlessness and delirium [ Time Frame: up to 28 days in the ICU ]
    evaluation of Richmond agitation-sedation scale (RASS) and Confusion Assessment Method for ICU patients (CAM-ICU)

  4. Evaluation of cognitive function [ Time Frame: on 28 days or on the day of discharge ]
    evaluation of Mini mental state examination (MMSE) on the 28 days or on a day of discharge if patients are discharged earlier than 28 days

  5. Occurrence of arrythmia or myocardial ischemia [ Time Frame: up to 28 days in the ICU ]
  6. Renal function [ Time Frame: up to 28 days in the ICU ]
    blood urea nitrogen (BUN), creatinine, estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), daily urinary output, need of renal replacement therapy

  7. infection control [ Time Frame: within 28 days until discharge ]
    Duration of antimicrobial agents use within 28 days or a day of discharge if patients are discharged earlier than 28 days

  8. inflammation marker [ Time Frame: for 14days ]
    Laboratory marker of inflammation (CRP, PCT) on 1,3,7,14 days

  9. organ failure control [ Time Frame: up to 28 days in the ICU ]
    Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA) score during in the ICU

  10. coagulopathy control [ Time Frame: for 14 days ]
    Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation (DIC) score by the Japanese Association for Acute Medicine during in the ICU

  11. nutrition control [ Time Frame: up to 28 days in the ICU ]
    daily energy intake by enteral nutrition

  12. sedation control [ Time Frame: up to 28 days in the ICU ]
    dose of sedative drugs and analgesic drugs during in the ICU

Eligibility Criteria

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

Ages Eligible for Study:   20 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • adult
  • transferred to ICU
  • anticipation of a need for mechanical ventilation at least 24 hours

Exclusion Criteria:

  • sever chronic liver disease (Child B or C)
  • acute myocardial infarction, heart disease (NYHA 4)
  • Drug dependence, alcoholism
  • Psychological illness, severe cognitive dysfunction
  • patients who have allergy for dexmedetomidine
  • attending physician's decision
Contacts and Locations

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01760967

Tohoku University
Sendai, Miyagi, Japan, 9808574
Sponsors and Collaborators
Wakayama Medical University
Osaka City University
Hyogo College of Medicine
Osaka City General Hospital
National Hospital Organization Kyoto Medical Center
Saga University
Yamaguchi Grand Medical Center
Sapporo Medical University
Tohoku University
Hirosaki University
Kyoto Medical Center
Study Chair: Yu Kawazoe Tohoku University
Study Director: Hitoshi Yamamura, doctor Hirosaki University
Study Director: Takeshi Morimoto, doctor Hyogo Medical University
More Information

Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: Yu Kawazoe, Assistant Professor, Tohoku University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01760967     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: DESIRE
UMIN000009665 ( Other Identifier: UMIN-CTR )
First Posted: January 4, 2013    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: February 28, 2017
Last Verified: February 2017

Keywords provided by Yu Kawazoe, Tohoku University:
duration of mechanical ventilation
organ failure

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome
Pathologic Processes
Hypnotics and Sedatives
Central Nervous System Depressants
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Analgesics, Non-Narcotic
Sensory System Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Adrenergic alpha-2 Receptor Agonists
Adrenergic alpha-Agonists
Adrenergic Agonists
Adrenergic Agents
Neurotransmitter Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action