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HeartFlowNXT - HeartFlow Analysis of Coronary Blood Flow Using Coronary CT Angiography (HFNXT)

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01757678
First Posted: December 31, 2012
Last Update Posted: November 14, 2017
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
Collaborator:
Case Western Reserve University
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
HeartFlow, Inc.
  Purpose
To determine the diagnostic performance of FFRCT by coronary computed tomographic angiography (cCTA), as compared to cCTA alone, for non-invasive determination of the presence of a hemodynamically significant coronary lesion, using direct measurement of fractional flow reserve (FFR) during cardiac catheterization as a reference standard.

Condition Intervention
Coronary Artery Disease Procedure: ICA (Invasive Coronary Angiography) Procedure: FFR (Fractional Flow Reserve) Procedure: cCTA (coronary computed tomography angiography) Other: FFRct Analysis (Fractional Flow Reserve Computed Tomography)

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Intervention Model Description:
prospective, multicenter study to evaluate the diagnostic performance of cCTA plus FFRCT employing ≥64-detector row CT scanners for the detection and exclusion of significant obstructive CAD, as defined by invasively-measured FFR, the reference standard
Masking: Double
Masking Description:
No Masking
Primary Purpose: Diagnostic
Official Title: HeartFlowNXT - HeartFlow Analysis of Coronary Blood Flow Using Coronary CT Angiography: NeXt sTeps

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by HeartFlow, Inc.:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • AUC of FFRct Versus Coronary CTA for Demonstration of Ischemia (≤0.80) on a Per-patient Basis [ Time Frame: 1 day; Outcome measures were comparing FFRct to FFR. Incident time for FFR was dependent on the length of time on the cath procedure. FFRct was done remotely at HeartFlow's processing center in Redwood City with a turnaround time of 24 hours from CT scan. ]
    The primary statistical measure will be the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC of ROC) of a patient-based model to detect hemodynamically significant obstruction. ROC graphs the change in sensitivity as the cut-point for positive/negative diagnosis moves from its lower to upper limit. FFR is used as the reference standard to determine the presence or absence of hemodynamic obstruction. For FFR, hemodynamically-significant obstruction of a coronary artery is defined as an FFR≤0.80 in any major epicardial coronary artery segment with diameter ≥2.0 mm during adenosine-mediated hyperemia. For cCTA, hemodynamically-significant obstruction of a coronary artery is defined as a stenosis >50% . FFRCT will be calculated for each patient as the minimum FFRCT in any coronary artery segment . cCTA stenosis will be calculated for each patient as the highest cCTA stenosis category for any vessel all measurements will take place only in segments with diameter ≥2.0 mm.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • AUC of FFRct Versus Coronary CTA for Demonstration of Ischemia (≤0.80) on a Per-vessel Basis [ Time Frame: 1 day ]
  • Per-Patient Analysis: Diagnostic Performance of FFRct, Coronary CTA, and ICA [ Time Frame: 1 day; Outcome measures were comparing FFRct to FFR. Incident time for FFR was dependent on the length of time on the cath procedure. FFRct was done remotely at HeartFlow's processing center in Redwood City with a turnaround time of 24 hours from CT scan. ]
  • Per Vessel Diagnostic Performance of FFRct, Coronary CTA, and ICA [ Time Frame: 1 day; Outcome measures were comparing FFRct to FFR. Incident time for FFR was dependent on the length of time on the cath procedure. FFRct was done remotely at HeartFlow's processing center in Redwood City with a turnaround time of 24 hours from CT scan. ]

Enrollment: 276
Study Start Date: September 2012
Study Completion Date: September 2013
Primary Completion Date: September 2013 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Standard of care: FFR, ICA, cCTA, FFRct
(ICA) Invasive coronary angiography with (FFR) fractional flow reserve measurement in standard of care environment, and cCTA (computed coronary tomography angiography) and FFRct Analysis (fractional flow reserve computed tomography)
Procedure: ICA (Invasive Coronary Angiography)
Per the protocol, patients will have an Invasive Coronary Angiography.
Procedure: FFR (Fractional Flow Reserve)
Per the protocol, patients will have a Fractional Flow Reserve procedure.
Procedure: cCTA (coronary computed tomography angiography)
Per the protocol, patients will have a coronary computed tomography angiography.
Other: FFRct Analysis (Fractional Flow Reserve Computed Tomography)
Per the protocol, patients will have a fractional flow reserve computed tomography.

Detailed Description:

Recently, coronary Computed Tomography Angiography (cCTA) of 64-detector rows or greater has emerged as a novel non-invasive imaging modality that is capable of providing high-resolution images of coronary artery lesions (Budoff 2008; Miller 2008; Meijboom 2008). While cCTA demonstrates good diagnostic performance for detection and exclusion of anatomic coronary artery stenoses, numerous prior studies have revealed an unreliable relationship between detection of obstructive anatomic coronary artery stenoses by cCTA and hemodynamically (HD)-significant coronary artery disease (CAD), identified by myocardial perfusion SPECT or fractional flow reserve (FFR) (Di Carli 2007; Klauss 2007; Rispler 2007; van Werkhoven 2009). Individual subjects may have HD-significant CAD despite cCTA assessment demonstrating angiographically mild (<50%) maximal stenosis (Schuijf 2006). These findings emphasize the need for additional measures beyond anatomic stenosis severity for the detection and exclusion of HD-significant CAD.

Measurement of FFR during invasive cardiac catheterization represents the "gold standard" for assessment of the hemodynamic significance of coronary artery lesions (Kern 2010). Anatomic coronary artery stenosis assessment by quantitative coronary angiography (QCA) also correlates very poorly with FFR Melikian 2010). This was highlighted by the results of the FAME study in which FFR-guided coronary revascularization improved healthcare and economic outcomes compared to the conventional angiographically guided strategy (Pijls 2010; Tonino 2009; Tonino 2010).

The major disadvantage of FFR is that it has to be measured invasively. HeartFlow, Inc. ('HeartFlow') has recently developed a non-invasive method to determine FFR which computes the hemodynamic significance of CAD (FFRCT) from subject-specific cCTA data using computational fluid dynamics under rest and simulated maximal coronary hyperemic conditions. Preliminary results in subjects suggest that FFRCT accurately predicts the hemodynamic significance of coronary lesions when compared to directly-measured FFR during invasive cardiac catheterization (Koo 2011).

  Eligibility

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Age ≥18 years
  • Subject providing written informed consent
  • Scheduled to undergo a clinically indicated Invasive Coronary Angiogram (ICA)
  • Has had ≥64 multidetector row cCTA within 60 days prior to ICA or agrees to undergo cCTA with ≥64 multidetector row cCTA within 60 days prior to ICA

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) has been performed any time prior to ICA.
  • Prior coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery
  • Contraindication to beta blocker agents, nitrates, or adenosine, including 2nd or 3rd degree heart block; sick sinus syndrome; long QT syndrome; severe hypotension; severe asthma, severe COPD or bronchodilator-dependent COPD
  • Suspicion of acute coronary syndrome (acute myocardial infarction and unstable angina)
  • Recent prior myocardial infarction within 30 days prior to cCTA or between cCTA and ICA
  • Known complex congenital heart disease
  • Prior pacemaker or internal defibrillator lead implantation
  • Prosthetic heart valve
  • Tachycardia or significant arrhythmia
  • Impaired chronic renal function (serum creatinine >1.5 mg/dl)
  • Subjects with known anaphylactic allergy to iodinated contrast
  • Pregnancy or unknown pregnancy status in subject of childbearing potential
  • Body mass index >35 at time of cCTA
  • Subject requires an emergent procedure
  • Evidence of ongoing or active clinical instability, including acute chest pain (sudden onset), cardiogenic shock, unstable blood pressure with systolic blood pressure <90 mmHg, and severe congestive heart failure (NYHA III or IV) or acute pulmonary edema
  • Any active, serious, life-threatening disease with a life expectancy of less than 2 months
  • Inability to comply with study procedures
  Contacts and Locations
Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01757678


Locations
Denmark
Aarhus University Hospital
Arhus, Denmark
Sponsors and Collaborators
HeartFlow, Inc.
Case Western Reserve University
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Bjarne Norgaard, MD Aarhus University Hospital
  More Information

Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: HeartFlow, Inc.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01757678     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CP-902-001
First Submitted: December 18, 2012
First Posted: December 31, 2012
Results First Submitted: July 28, 2014
Results First Posted: November 14, 2017
Last Update Posted: November 14, 2017
Last Verified: November 2017

Keywords provided by HeartFlow, Inc.:
Coronary Artery Disease Computed Fractional Flow Reserve

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Coronary Artery Disease
Myocardial Ischemia
Coronary Disease
Heart Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Arteriosclerosis
Arterial Occlusive Diseases
Vascular Diseases