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Trial record 1 of 1 for:    NCT01752634
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Efficacy at 24 Weeks With Long Term Safety, Tolerability and Efficacy up to 5 Years of Secukinumab in Patients of Active Psoriatic Arthritis (FUTURE 2)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01752634
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : December 19, 2012
Results First Posted : May 13, 2020
Last Update Posted : May 13, 2020
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Novartis ( Novartis Pharmaceuticals )

Brief Summary:
This study was to provide 24 - 52 week efficacy, safety and tolerability data to support the registration of the secukinumab (AIN457) prefilled syringe (PFS) for subcutaneous self administration in subjects with active PsA despite current or previous NSAID, DMARD and/or anti-TNFα therapy. An additional 4 years of long-term efficacy and safety data were collected during the post Week 52 period of the study.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Psoriatic Arthritis Drug: Secukinumab (AIN457) Drug: Placebo Phase 3

Detailed Description:

At baseline (BSL), subjects whose eligibility was confirmed were randomized to one of the following four treatment groups.

  • 75 mg secukinumab
  • 150 mg secukinumab
  • 300 mg secukinumab
  • Placebo At Week 16, all subjects were classified as responders (≥ 20% improvement from BSL in both tender and swollen joint counts) or non-responders.

Subjects who were randomized to a secukinumab treatment group at baseline were targeted to remain on the same dose for the entire trial.

Subjects who were randomized to placebo at baseline were re-randomized at Week 16 as follows:

Placebo non-responders received secukinumab 150 mg s.c. or 300 mg s.c. (1:1) every 4 weeks, starting after the efficacy assessments at Week 16.

Placebo responders continued to receive placebo at Week 16 and Week 20 and received secukinumab 150 mg s.c. or 300 mg s.c. (1:1) every 4 weeks, starting after the efficacy assessments at Week 24.

This was a double-blind, double-dummy, randomized treatment trial until week 52 analysis was completed and open label afterwards.

An amendment to the study protocol (after all patients were in the trial for 2-3 years) introduced changes whereby patients previously treated with secukinumab 75 mg s.c. could change to receive 150 mg s.c. or 300 mg s.c., and patients previously treated with secukinumab 150 mg s.c. could change to receive 300 mg s.c., as deemed appropriate by the investigators.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 397 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Triple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase III Randomized, Double-blind, Placebo-controlled Multicenter Study of Subcutaneous Secukinumab in Prefilled Syringes to Demonstrate the Efficacy at 24 Weeks and to Assess the Long Term Efficacy, Safety and Tolerability up to 5 Years in Patients With Active Psoriatic Arthritis
Actual Study Start Date : April 14, 2013
Actual Primary Completion Date : May 12, 2014
Actual Study Completion Date : January 9, 2019

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Drug Information available for: Secukinumab

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Secukinumab (AIN457) 75 mg s.c.
Secukinumab 75 mg at BSL, Weeks 1, 2, 3 and 4, followed by dosing every four weeks starting at Week 4.
Drug: Secukinumab (AIN457)
Secukinumab (AIN457)

Experimental: Secukinumab (AIN457) 150 mg s.c.
Secukinumab 150 mg at BSL, Weeks 1, 2, 3 and 4, followed by dosing every four weeks starting at Week 4.
Drug: Secukinumab (AIN457)
Secukinumab (AIN457)

Experimental: Secukinumab (AIN457) 300 mg s.c.
Secukinumab 300 mg at BSL, Weeks 1, 2, 3 and 4, followed by dosing every four weeks starting at Week 4
Drug: Secukinumab (AIN457)
Secukinumab (AIN457)

Placebo Comparator: Placebo s.c.
Placebo at BSL, Weeks 1, 2, 3 and 4, followed by dosing every four weeks starting at Week 4. Non-responder (assessed at Week 16) were re-randomized to receive AIN457 150mg or AIN457 300 mg starting at Week 16. Responder (assessed at Week 16) were re-randomized to receive AIN457 150mg or AIN457 300 mg starting at Week 24.
Drug: Secukinumab (AIN457)
Secukinumab (AIN457)

Drug: Placebo
Placebo PFS for s.c. administration.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Number of Participants Achieving American College of Rheumatology 20 (ACR20) Response Criteria [ Time Frame: Week 24 ]

    ACR20 response was defined as having a positive clinical response to treatment (individual improvement) in disease activity if the participant had at least 20% improvement in tender 68-joint count, swollen 66-joint count and at least 3 of the following 5 measures: patient's assessment of RA pain, patient's global assessment of disease activity, physician's global assessment of disease activity, subject self-assessed disability (Health Assessment Questionnaire [HAQ-DI] score), and/or acute phase reactant (high sensitivity c-reactive protein (hsCRP) or erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR).

    For subjects with early escape at Week 16 or had missing values at Week 24 or discontinued prior to Week 24, their ACR20 was set to nonresponse at Week 24. This applied for all treatment regimens in order to minimize bias. The Placebo arm was analyzed as one group, irrespective of the re-randomization, as assessments made under the re-randomized active treatment were not included in this analysis.



Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Number of Participants Achieving a PASI75 Response in the Subgroup of Subjects Who Have ≥3% Skin Involvement With Psoriasis [ Time Frame: Week 24 ]
    PASI is a combined assessment of a lesion severity and affected area into a single score: 0 (no disease) to 72 (maximal disease). The body is divided into 4 areas for scoring (head, arms, trunk, legs; each area is scored by itself and scores are combined for a final PASI. For each area, percent of skin involved is estimated: 0 (0%) to 6 (90-100%), and severity is estimated by clinical signs, erythema, induration and desquamation; scale 0 (none) to 4 (maximum). Final PASI = sum of severity parameters for each area * area score weight of section (head: 0.1, arms: 0.2, body: 0.3, legs: 0.4). PASI 75 response was defined as participants achieving >= 75% improvement from baseline. For subjects with early escape at Week 16 or had missing values at Week 24 or discontinued prior to Week 24, their value was set to nonresponse at Week 24. This applied for all treatment regimens in order to minimize bias.

  2. Number of Participants Achieving a PASI90 Response in the Subgroup of Subjects Who Have ≥3% Skin Involvement With Psoriasis [ Time Frame: Week 24 ]
    PASI is a combined assessment of a lesion severity and affected area into a single score: 0 (no disease) to 72 (maximal disease). The body is divided into 4 areas for scoring (head, arms, trunk, legs; each area is scored by itself and scores are combined for a final PASI. For each area, percent of skin involved is estimated: 0 (0%) to 6 (90-100%), and severity is estimated by clinical signs, erythema, induration and desquamation; scale 0 (none) to 4 (maximum). Final PASI = sum of severity parameters for each area * area score weight of section (head: 0.1, arms: 0.2, body: 0.3, legs: 0.4). PASI 90 response was defined as participants achieving >= 90% improvement from baseline. For subjects with early escape at Week 16 or had missing values at Week 24 or discontinued prior to Week 24, their value was set to nonresponse at Week 24. This applied for all treatment regimens in order to minimize bias.

  3. Change From Baseline in DAS28-CRP [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 24 ]

    The DAS28 is a measure of disease activity based on Swollen and Tender Joint Counts, ESR or CRP and the Patient Global Assessment. A DAS28 score > 5.1 implies active disease, ≤ 3.2 low disease activity, and < 2.6 remission. The score can range from 0 - 9.4. The data collected after the patient switched to secukinumab were treated as missing for placebo patients and were analyzed using a mixed-effects repeated measures model. For secukinumab patients, the actual values were used in the analysis.

    The Placebo arm was analyzed as one group, irrespective of the re-randomization, as assessments made under the re-randomized active treatment were not included in this analysis.


  4. Change From Baseline in SF36-Physical Component Score [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 24 ]

    The SF-36 is an instrument to measure health-related quality of life among healthy patients and patients with acute and chronic conditions.

    Score range is from 0 (no problems) to 100 (unable to perform the activity). SF-36 is a 36 item questionnaire which measures Quality of Life across eight domains, which are both physically and emotionally based. Two overall summary scores, the Physical Component Summary (PCS) and Mental Component Summary (MCS) can be computed. In this study, SF-36 PCS was used.

    The Placebo arm was analyzed as one group, irrespective of the re-randomization, as assessments made under the re-randomized active treatment were not included in this analysis.


  5. Change From Baseline in Stanford Health Assessment Questionnaire Disability Index (HAQ-DI) [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 24 ]
    The HAQ-DI assesses a subject's level of functional ability and includes questions of fine movements of the upper extremity, locomotor activities of the lower extremity, and activities that involve both upper and lower extremities. There are 20 questions in 8 categories of functioning including dressing, rising, eating, walking, hygiene, reach, grip and usual activities. The stem of each item asks 'Over the past week, "are you able to..." perform a particular task'. Each item is scored on a 4 point scale from 0 - 3, representing normal, no difficulty (0), some difficulty (1), much difficulty (2) and unable to do (3). The disability index score is calculated as the mean of the available category scores, ranging from 0 to 3. A negative change from baseline indicates improvement. The Placebo arm was analyzed as one group, irrespective of the re-randomization, as assessments made under the re-randomized active treatment were not included in this analysis.

  6. Number of Participants Achieving American College of Rheumatology 50 (ACR50) Response Criteria [ Time Frame: Week 24 ]
    ACR20 response was defined as having a positive clinical response to treatment (individual improvement) in disease activity if the participant had at least 50% improvement in tender 68-joint count, swollen 66-joint count and at least 3 of the following 5 measures: patient's assessment of RA pain, patient's global assessment of disease activity, physician's global assessment of disease activity, subject self-assessed disability (Health Assessment Questionnaire [HAQ-DI] score), and/or acute phase reactant (high sensitivity c-reactive protein (hsCRP) or erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR). For subjects with early escape at Week 16 or had missing values at Week 24 or discontinued prior to Week 24, their ACR20 was set to nonresponse at Week 24. This applied for all treatment regimens in order to minimize bias. The Placebo arm was analyzed as one group, irrespective of the re-randomization, as assessments made under the re-randomized active treatment were not included in this analysis.

  7. Number of Participants With Dactylitis in the Subset of Subjects Who Had Dactylitis at Baseline [ Time Frame: Week 24 ]
    Resolution of dactylitis was evaluated in the subset of patients who had disease activity at baseline. In this analysis, a lower percentage is desirable and resolution is defined as complete absence of the symptom. For subjects with early escape at Week 16 or had missing values at Week 24 or discontinued prior to Week 24, their assessment was set to nonresponse at Week 24 (presence of dactylitis). This applied for all treatment regimens in order to minimize bias. The Placebo arm was analyzed as one group, irrespective of the re-randomization, as assessments made under the re-randomized active treatment were not included in this analysis.

  8. Number of Participants With Enthesitis in the Subset of Subjects Who Had Enthesitis at Baseline [ Time Frame: Week 24 ]
    Resolution of enthesitis was evaluated in the subset of patients who had disease activity at baseline. In this analysis, a lower percentage is desirable and resolution is defined as complete absence of the symptom. For subjects with early escape at Week 16 or had missing values at Week 24 or discontinued prior to Week 24, their assessment was set to nonresponse at Week 24 (presence of enthesitis). This applied for all treatment regimens in order to minimize bias. The Placebo arm was analyzed as one group, irrespective of the re-randomization, as assessments made under the re-randomized active treatment were not included in this analysis.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:Patients eligible for inclusion in this study have to fulfill all of the following criteria:

  • Diagnosis of PsA classified by CASPAR criteria and with symptoms for at least 6 months with moderate to severe PsA who must have at Baseline ≥3 tender joints out of 78 and ≥3 swollen out of 76 (dactylitis of a digit counts as one joint each)
  • Rheumatoid factor and anti-CCP antibodies negative at screening
  • Diagnosis of active plaque psoriasis or nail changes consistent with psoriasis or documented history of plaque psoriasis
  • Subjects with PsA should have taken NSAIDs for at least 4 weeks prior to randomization with inadequate control of symptoms or at least one dose if stopped due to intolerance to NSAIDs
  • Subjects taking corticosteroids must be on a stable dose of ≤10 mg/day prednisone or equivalent for at least 2 weeks before randomization and should remain on a stable dose up to Week 24
  • Subjects taking MTX (≤ 25 mg/week) are allowed to continue their medication if the dose is stable for at least 4 weeks before randomization and should remain on a stable dose up to Week 52.

Exclusion Criteria:Patients fulfilling any of the following criteria are not eligible for inclusion in this study:

  • Chest X-ray or chest MRI with evidence of ongoing infectious or malignant process, obtained within 3 months prior to screening and evaluated by a qualified physician
  • Subjects taking high potency opioid analgesics (e.g. methadone, hydromorphone, morphine)
  • Previous exposure to secukinumab or other biologic drug directly targeting IL-17 or IL-17 receptor
  • Ongoing use of prohibited psoriasis treatments / medications (e.g., topical corticosteroids, UV therapy) at randomization. The following wash out periods need to be observed:
  • Oral or topical retinoids 4 weeks
  • Photochemotherapy (e.g. PUVA) 4 weeks
  • Phototherapy (UVA or UVB) 2 weeks
  • Topical skin treatments (except in face, scalp and genital area during screening, only corticosteroids with mild to moderate potency) 2 weeks
  • Subjects who have ever received biologic immunomodulating agents except for those targeting TNFα, investigational or approved
  • Previous treatment with any cell-depleting therapies including but not limited to anti-CD20, investigational agents (e.g., CAMPATH, anti-CD4, anti-CD5, anti-CD3, anti-CD19)

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01752634


Locations
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Sponsors and Collaborators
Novartis Pharmaceuticals
Investigators
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Study Director: Novartis Pharmaceuticals Novartis Pharmaceuticals
Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):

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Responsible Party: Novartis Pharmaceuticals
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01752634    
Other Study ID Numbers: CAIN457F2312
2012-004439-22 ( EudraCT Number )
First Posted: December 19, 2012    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: May 13, 2020
Last Update Posted: May 13, 2020
Last Verified: April 2020

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Novartis ( Novartis Pharmaceuticals ):
Psoriatic arthritis, PsA, ACR, CASPAR, PASDAS
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Arthritis
Arthritis, Psoriatic
Joint Diseases
Musculoskeletal Diseases
Spondylarthropathies
Spondylarthritis
Spondylitis
Spinal Diseases
Bone Diseases
Psoriasis
Skin Diseases, Papulosquamous
Skin Diseases