Bupivacaine Versus Lidocaine Local Anesthesia
The use of local anesthetics has become an important aspect of pain management in surgical settings and is currently recommended in pain management guidelines.
Elective outpatient hand surgeries, such as carpal tunnel or trigger finger release, cause minimum tissue disruption and are short in duration. As a result, these local anesthetic agents are a major component in post-operative pain control. The most commonly used local anesthetic agents are Lidocaine and Bupivacaine. Lidocaine acts faster (within 2-5 minutes of injection) and for this reason is often favored in outpatient setting for pre-incisional injection. However its effects only last up to 2 hours, without epinephrine, and 3 hours, with epinephrine. On the other hand, Bupivacaine, has a slower onset of action (about 5-10 minutes after injection) but its effects last much longer, for about 4-8 hours. The delay in onset of action makes it a less popular option as a primary source of local anesthesia in outpatient hand surgery.
Given the longer duration of anesthesia offered by Bupivacaine, the investigators believe that by giving it pre-operatively in elective outpatient hand surgeries will offer more effective post operative pain control compared to using Lidocaine only. There is limited published data confirming the effectiveness of use of pre-operative Bupivicaine in improved postoperative pain control and decreased consumption of narcotics. Therefore, the aim in this study is to compare the postoperative pain experienced by patients undergoing either elective carpal tunnel release or trigger finger release as well as their use of pain medications when the incision site is infiltrated preemptively with Lidocaine versus Bupivacaine.
The investigators believe that adequate post surgical pain control is essential for patients' full functional recovery. Poorly controlled post surgical pain increases incidence of surgery related complications and thus increased health care costs. It can also reduce patients' mobility, delay their return to full function,. If poorly controlled, post surgical pain may progress to chronic pain and rarely complex regional pain syndromes may ensue.
|Carpal Tunnel Syndrome Trigger Finger||Drug: Bupivacaine Drug: Lidocaine||Phase 4|
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double (Participant, Care Provider)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Bupivacaine Versus Lidocaine Local Anesthesia in Elective Outpatient Hand Surgery: A Randomized Controlled Trial|
- amount of oral analgesic used post procedure [ Time Frame: up to 2 weeks post surgery ]Total amount of oral analgesic a subject uses from the day of surgery to 2 weeks post surgery.
- Post operative pain [ Time Frame: up to 2 weeks post surgery ]Pain (subject reported pain scores) experienced at injection, during surgical procedure and post operative pain experienced by subject up to 2 weeks post surgery.
|Study Start Date:||February 2013|
|Study Completion Date:||December 2015|
|Primary Completion Date:||December 2015 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Active Comparator: Lidocaine
Subjects randomized to this treatment arm will receive lidocaine during their elective hand surgery.
Subjects randomized to this treatment arm will receive bupivacaine during their elective hand surgery.
Subjects will be randomized to receive either 10ml of 0.5% Bupivacaine with 1:200,000 Epinephrine or 10 ml of 1% Lidocaine with 1:100,000 Epinephrine.
In the case of a single digit surgery such as the trigger finger release, the dose will be adjusted to 5ml of 0.5% Bupivacaine with 1:200,000 Epinephrine or 5ml of 1% Lidocaine with 1:100,000 Epinephrine.
An additional 5ml of study drug will be prepared in a separate syringe and administered when needed.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01751347
|Canada, British Columbia|
|Vancouver General Hospital|
|Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada|
|Principal Investigator:||Erin Brown, MD||University of British Columbia|