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Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (tDCS) and Motor Training for Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) Survivors

This study has been terminated.
(The study was terminated because of lack of funding.)
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Paolo Bonato, Spaulding Rehabilitation Hospital
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01749735
First received: December 6, 2011
Last updated: March 30, 2017
Last verified: March 2017
  Purpose

The aim of this study is to compare the effect of transcranial direct current stimulation and functional upper extremity task training to functional upper extremity task training alone. The functional upper extremity task training uses the Armeo Spring robotic arm to support the limb while playing functional task games on a computer.

Specific Aims:

  1. To demonstrate that tDCS combined with upper extremity functional task training in a virtual environment is more effective than functional task training in a virtual environment with sham tDCS.
  2. To compare cortico-excitatory changes following training with tDCS vs. sham stimulation, using paired- and single-pulse transcranial magnetic stimulation as a tool to measure cortical excitability.

Condition Intervention
Traumatic Brain Injury Device: Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation Device: Sham Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation Device: Armeo training

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Participant, Investigator
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: The Effect of Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation Combined With Functional Task Training on Motor Recovery in Traumatic Brain Injury Survivors

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Paolo Bonato, Spaulding Rehabilitation Hospital:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Change in Jebsen-Taylor Hand Function Test Score From Baseline [ Time Frame: Baseline, Day 5 (midpoint), Day 10 (endpoint), 1 wk post, 2 wks post, 4 wks post ]
    The Jebsen-Taylor Hand Function Test is a functional test consisting of 7 subtests. Each subtest requires that the subject performs a motor task (e.g. using one hand to pick up a small object positioned on a table in front of the subject). The test score is derived by measuring (using a stopwatch) the time in sec that the subject needs to complete the task. Individuals with no motor impairments typically need between 30 and 60 sec to complete the 7 subtests of the Jebsen-Taylor Hand Function Test.

  • Change in Box and Block Test Score From Baseline [ Time Frame: Baseline, Day 5 (midpoint), Day 10 (endpoint), 1 wk post, 2 wks post, 4 wks post ]
    The Box and Block Test is a functional test. Subjects are instructed to move small blocks from one box to a second box. The test measures the number of blocks that subjects can move during a period of 60 sec. The measurement unit for this task is the "number of blocks". Subjects with no motor impairments would typically move about 60 to 80 blocks in a period of 60 sec.


Enrollment: 2
Study Start Date: July 2011
Study Completion Date: September 2013
Primary Completion Date: September 2013 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Armeo training with continuous tDCS
Subjects will receive 10 sessions of transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (tDCS)/Armeo training over 2 weeks. Training sessions will last for 40 minutes and will focus on repetitive tasks using the Armeo device that. To deliver the stimulation, the anode will be placed over the primary motor cortex (M1) of the affected hemisphere, while the cathode will be placed over the unaffected M1 area. Direct current will be transferred by a saline-soaked pair of surface sponge electrode (35cm2). Continuous stimulation will be delivered at an intensity of 1mA while the subject undergoes the 40-minute Armeo motor training sessions.
Device: Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation
Continuous mild transcranial direct current stimulation will be used while the participant plays video games using the Armeo Spring Robot to support the affected arm. Intervention: 40 minute training sessions, 5 days a week for 2 weeks.
Other Names:
  • Device name: Phoresor II Auto
  • Produced by: Iomed
Device: Armeo training
Upper extremity training with the use of a weight support device and virtual reality.
Other Names:
  • Device: Armeo
  • Produced by: Hocoma
Sham Comparator: Armeo training with sham tDCS
Subjects will receive the same number of 40-minute training sessions (i.e. 10 sessions) as the subjects in the experimental group. Training will take place over a period of two weeks as per the experimental group. Also, electrodes will be positioned on the scalp as per the experimental group. However, for sham transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (tDCS), the current will be delivered for only 30 seconds. The current intensity will be gradually increased and decreased to diminish its perception.
Device: Sham Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation
Sham transcranial direct current stimulation will be used while the participant focuses on repetitive tasks using the Armeo device that incorporate multidirectional reaching, grasp and release action of the hand of the affected arm. Intervention: 40 minute training sessions, 5 days a week for 2 weeks.
Other Names:
  • Device name: Phoresor II Auto
  • Produced by: Iomed
Device: Armeo training
Upper extremity training with the use of a weight support device and virtual reality.
Other Names:
  • Device: Armeo
  • Produced by: Hocoma

Detailed Description:

This is a randomized, double-blinded, sham-controlled study comparing sham and continuous tDCS combined with repetitive upper extremity functional task training in a virtual environment. Subjects will be randomized to 1 of 2 groups: Armeo training with continuous tDCS, or sham tDCS through a randomization stratification approach. Subjects will be grouped into strata defined by the degree of weakness, and then randomized separately within each stratum according to a block randomization of 6 to receive Armeo training-continuous tDCS, or Armeo training-sham stimulation. Each subject will receive 10 training sessions over 2 weeks. Training sessions will last for 40 minutes and will focus on repetitive tasks using the Armeo device that incorporate multidirectional reaching, grasp and release action of the hand. We will use a variety of virtual tasks (computer games) in the training. Examples of the virtual tasks include 1) picking up objects from shelves placed against different walls of a room and placing them in a bin in the center foreground of the screen, 2) picking up eggs from a basket and cracking them over a frying pan, 3) picking up objects at a virtual supermarket and placing them in the shopping cart, 4) cleaning a stove top. In between training sessions, subjects will be encouraged to use the affected arm in daily activities. This will be assessed with the Motor Activity Log.

tDCS will be delivered by positioning the anode over the primary motor cortex (M1) of the affected hemisphere, while the cathode will be placed over the unaffected M1 area. The electrode localization method will be according to the International 10-20 Electrode Placement System for placement of EEG electrodes. This method has been validated with a frameless stereotactic system. Direct current will be transferred by a saline-soaked pair of surface sponge electrode (35cm2) and delivered by a battery-driven, constant current stimulator with a maximum output of 10mA. An intensity of 1mA will be used in this study (current density of 0.04 μA/cm2). Continuous stimulation will be delivered at an intensity of 1mA while the subject undergoes the 40-minute Armeo motor training sessions. For sham stimulation, the same parameters will be employed. However, the current will be applied for 30 seconds only. Current intensity will be gradually increased and decreased to diminish its perception.

Outcome measures will be performed prior to treatment initiation, at day 5, 10, and at follow-up week 1, 2 and 4 after the end of treatment. A rater blinded to the treatment will assess the effects of the intervention using the Jebsen-Taylor Hand Function Test and Box and Block Test.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 70 Years   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Age 18-70 years
  • First-time moderate to severe TBI
  • Arm weakness

Exclusion Criteria:

  • History of seizures
  • Major depression
  • Agitated Behavior Scale >21
  • Cognitive Impairment that interferes with understanding instructions
  • Pregnancy
  • Implants (e.g. metal plates, shunts, pacemaker)
  • Participation in other upper extremity rehab or TBI study
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01749735

Locations
United States, Massachusetts
Spaulding Rehabilitation Hospital
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02129
Sponsors and Collaborators
Spaulding Rehabilitation Hospital
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Paolo Bonato, PhD Spaulding Rehabilitation Hospital
  More Information

Additional Information:
Responsible Party: Paolo Bonato, Director, Motion Analysis Lab, Spaulding Rehabilitation Hospital
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01749735     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 2009-P-000700
Study First Received: December 6, 2011
Results First Received: March 9, 2015
Last Updated: March 30, 2017
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Wounds and Injuries
Brain Injuries
Brain Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Craniocerebral Trauma
Trauma, Nervous System

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on July 24, 2017