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A Pilot Comparison of Short-course Nitrofurantoin in Females With Uncomplicated Bacterial Cystitis in the Emergency Department

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01749605
First Posted: December 13, 2012
Last Update Posted: May 31, 2017
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Brett A Faine, University of Iowa
  Purpose
Pilot study to compare the efficacy and safety of 3-day, twice-daily regimens of nitrofurantoin and ciprofloxacin in emergency department (ED) patients presenting with UBC.

Condition Intervention Phase
Uncomplicated Bacterial Cystitis Drug: Nitrofurantoin monohydrate/macrocrystals 100 mg BID x 3 days Drug: ciprofloxacin 250 mg BID x 3 days Phase 4

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double (Participant, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Brett A Faine, University of Iowa:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Number of Participants With Clinical Cure at Day 7 [ Time Frame: 7 days ]
    Seven days after randomization, subjects received a telephone call to determine if their symptoms have completely resolved. Patients answers were limited to: Yes (clinical cure), No (treatment failure)


Enrollment: 35
Study Start Date: October 2010
Study Completion Date: January 2012
Primary Completion Date: January 2012 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Active Comparator: nitrofurantoin 100 mg Drug: Nitrofurantoin monohydrate/macrocrystals 100 mg BID x 3 days
Active Comparator: Ciprofloxacin 250 mg Drug: ciprofloxacin 250 mg BID x 3 days

  Eligibility

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 45 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • pre-menopausal females
  • ages 18-45 years old
  • symptoms of a UTI (dysuria, frequency, urgency)

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Onset of symptoms >7 days prior to the ED visit
  • Non-English speaking
  • Symptoms of pyelonephritis
  • Diabetic
  • Indications of sepsis
  • Immunocompromised
  • Currently using prophylactic antimicrobials
  • Medications that could interfere with study drug
  • Pregnant
  • Lactating
  • History of kidney or liver disease
  • Vaginal symptoms
  • Presence of a urinary catheter
  • Treatment for UBC <2 weeks prior to ED visit
  • Known allergy to study drug
  • Unavailable for follow-up
  Contacts and Locations
Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01749605


Locations
United States, Iowa
University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics
Iowa City, Iowa, United States, 52242
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Iowa
  More Information

Responsible Party: Brett A Faine, Clinical Pharmacy Specialist, University of Iowa
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01749605     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 201005757
First Submitted: December 11, 2012
First Posted: December 13, 2012
Results First Submitted: March 16, 2017
Results First Posted: April 27, 2017
Last Update Posted: May 31, 2017
Last Verified: May 2017

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Cystitis
Urinary Bladder Diseases
Urologic Diseases
Ciprofloxacin
Nitrofurantoin
Anti-Bacterial Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Topoisomerase II Inhibitors
Topoisomerase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents
Cytochrome P-450 CYP1A2 Inhibitors
Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme Inhibitors
Anti-Infective Agents, Urinary
Renal Agents