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Hydroxypropyl Beta Cyclodextrin for Niemann-Pick Type C1 Disease

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01747135
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : December 11, 2012
Last Update Posted : July 23, 2021
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Mallinckrodt ( Vtesse, LLC, a Mallinckrodt Pharmaceuticals Company )

Brief Summary:


- Hydroxypropyl beta cyclodextrin (HPBCD) is being tested for a disease called Niemann-Pick disease type C1 (NPC1). NPC1 is a genetic disorder that results in gradual loss of nervous system function. Cholesterol and other fats have trouble moving out of the brain cells, which makes the cells work poorly and leads to symptoms. There is no treatment currently approved in the US for NPC1. Researchers want to test if it is safe to use HPBCD for NPC1. They want to see if it can help brain cells process cholesterol better.


- To test the safety and effectiveness of HPBCD for NPC1.


- Individuals between 2 and 25 years of age who have been diagnosed with NPC1 and who have not already received HPBCD in an attempt to treat NPC1.


  • Participants will be screened with a physical exam and medical history. They will provide blood and urine samples for screening. They will also have neurological tests, including tests of hearing, speech and movement.
  • Participants will have a lumbar puncture (also called a spinal tap) every month to deliver the drug to the spinal fluid that surrounds the brain. The length of the trial will be determined by the safety and efficacy information that is obtained.
  • Treatment will be monitored with frequent blood and urine tests, cerebral spinal fluid tests, hearing and neurological exams.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Niemann-Pick Disease, Type C1 Drug: VTS-270 Phase 1

Detailed Description:
Niemann-Pick disease type C (NPC) is a lethal, autosomal recessive, lysosomal storage disorder characterized by neurodegeneration in early childhood and death in adolescence. The causative genes NPC1 (about 95% of cases) and NPC2 (about 5% of cases) are involved in the intracellular trafficking of lipids and cholesterol. Mutations on either of these genes lead to progressive accumulation of unesterified cholesterol and other lipids in the central nervous system (CNS). The National Institutes of Health (NIH) Therapeutics for Rare and Neglected Diseases (TRND) program is developing 2-hydroxypropyl-Beta-cyclodextrin (HP-Beta-CD) for the treatment of patients with Niemann-Pick disease type C1 (NPC1) to slow progression of symptoms of the disease. In this Phase 1, non-randomized, open-label, single-center, study, we propose to administer HP-Beta-CD intrathecally via lumbar injection to drug naive cohorts of 3 patients at doses of 200 mg escalated to 300, 400 mg and 900 mg. Subsequent dose escalations may occur in increments of up to 300 mg. The objectives of this study are to assess the safety, tolerability, feasibility, and pharmacokinetics (PK) of intrathecally (IT) administered HP-Beta-CD to NPC1 patients, to determine an active dose of HP-Beta-CD as measured by changes in plasma 24-(S) hydroxycholesterol (24(S)-HC) concentration, and to evaluate the use of biomarkers and potential clinical outcomes of NPC1. All patients in the cohort will receive HP-Beta-CD (n = 3) once monthly for at least two doses, and the decision to dose-escalate will be based on safety and on biochemical data. Safety will be assessed by adverse events (AEs), audiologic evaluation, clinical laboratory tests, vital signs, physical examinations, chest X-rays and electrocardiograms (ECGs). Biochemical efficacy will be measured by change from baseline in plasma 24(S)-HC. PK will be assessed for plasma HP-Beta-CD.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 14 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Hydroxypropyl Beta Cyclodextrin for Niemann-Pick Type C1 Disease
Study Start Date : January 2013
Actual Primary Completion Date : March 2017
Actual Study Completion Date : March 2017

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Open label Drug: VTS-270
Other Name: 2-hydroxypropyl-beta-cyclodextrin

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. 24-hydroxycholesterol Area under the curve [ Time Frame: Days ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Hearing loss. [ Time Frame: Year ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   2 Years to 25 Years   (Child, Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

    1. Aged greater than or equal to 2 and less than or equal to 25 years old at time of enrollment, either gender and any ethnicity.
    2. Diagnosis of NPC1 based upon one of the following:

      1. Two NPC1 mutations;
      2. Positive filipin staining and at least one NPC1 mutation;
      3. Vertical supranuclear gaze palsy (VSNGP) in combination with either:

      i. One NPC1 mutation, or

      ii. Positive filipin staining and no Niemann-Pick Type 2 (NPC2) mutations.

    3. Patients with at least one neurological manifestation of NPC1. For example, but not limited to, hearing loss, vertical supranuclear gaze palsy, ataxia, dementia, dystonia, seizures, dysarthria, or dysphagia.
    4. Ability to travel to the National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (NIH CC) repeatedly for evaluation and follow-up.
    5. If taking miglustat, the patient must have been taking a constant dose of the medication for no less than 3 months prior to baseline evaluation and must be willing to maintain that dose level for the duration of the trial.
    6. Willing to discontinue all non-prescription supplements, with the exception of an age-appropriate multivitamin.
    7. Women of reproductive age must be willing to use an effective method of contraception for the duration of the trial.
    8. Willing to participate in all aspects of trial design including serial blood and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) collections.


    1. Aged below 2 or above 25 years of age at enrollment in the trial.
    2. Subjects will be excluded if their weight would result in an endotoxin level that would exceed 0.2 EU/kg for either the saline or drug dosing.
    3. Severe manifestations of NPC1 that would interfere with the patient's ability to comply with the requirements of this protocol.
    4. Neurologically asymptomatic patients.
    5. Patients who have received any form of cyclodextrin in an attempt to treat NPC1. Treatment with another drug preparation for another medical indication that contains cyclodextrin as an excipient, will not exclude a patient.
    6. History of hypersensitivity reactions to cyclodextrin or components of the formulation.
    7. Pregnancy or breastfeeding at any time during the study.
    8. Patients with suspected infection of the CNS or any systemic infection.
    9. Spinal deformity that would impact the ability to perform a lumbar puncture
    10. Skin infection in the lumbar region
    11. Neutropenia, defined as an absolute neutrophil count (ANC) of less than 1,500.
    12. Thrombocytopenia (a platelet count of less than 75,000 per cubic millimeter).
    13. Evidence of disturbed circulation of CSF.
    14. Contraindication for anesthesia.
    15. Prior use of anticoagulants or history/presence of a bleeding disorder with increased risk of clinical bleeding or an international normalized ratio (INR) greater than 2.
    16. Patients with clinical evidence of acute liver disease having symptoms of jaundice or right upper quadrant pain.
    17. Presence of anemia defined as two standard deviations below normal for age and gender.
    18. For subjects 18 years of age and older, the epidermal growth factor receptor (eGFR) is automatically calculated and reported by the NIH CC laboratory utilizing the Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration (CKD-EPI) Creatinine 2009 equation. We will exclude subjects greater than or equal to 18 years of age if eGFR is less than or equal to 60 mL/min/1.73 m2. For subjects < 18

    12 years of age, we will utilize the national kidney disease education program (NKDEP) calculator (http://www.nkdep.nih.gov/lab-evaluation/gfr-calculators/children-conventional-unit.shtml). Results are reported as > 75 mL/min/1.73 m2 or lower. We will exclude subjects < 18 years of age if eGFR is less than or equal to 75 15 mL/min/1.73 m2

    19. Hematuria on a single urinalysis, as defined by the American Urological Association (AUA) as five or more red blood cells per high-power field (or > 25/micro L) on microscopic evaluation of urinary sediment from a properly collected urinalysis specimen. The patient will not be excluded if 2 subsequent urine specimens are negative for hematuria as defined by the AUA.

    20. Proteinuria (1+ protein on urinalysis) unless evaluated and classified as benign by patient s primary medical provider or by NIH nephrology consult or in the context of normal urine protein creatinine ratio and in the absence of clinical symptoms (edema, hypertension).

    21. Active pulmonary disease, oxygen requirement or clinically significant history of decreased blood oxygen saturation, pulmonary therapy, or requiring active suction.

    22. Patients unable to complete a behavioral audiologic evaluation including pure-tone threshold assessment (500 Hz to 8000 Hz) to monitor for ototoxicity and for whom otoacoustic emissions (OAEs) cannot be reliably obtained at baseline.

    23. Patients with ongoing seizures, that are not stable in frequency, type or duration over a 2 month period prior to enrollment, requiring change in dose of antiepileptic medication (other than adjustment for weight) over a 2 month period prior to enrollment, or requiring 3 or more antiepileptic medications to control seizures.

    24. Patients, who in the opinion of the investigators are unable to comply with the protocol or have specific health concerns that would potentially increase the risk of participation.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01747135

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United States, Maryland
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center, 9000 Rockville Pike
Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892
Sponsors and Collaborators
Vtesse, LLC, a Mallinckrodt Pharmaceuticals Company
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Study Director: Global Clinical Leader Mallinckrodt
Additional Information:
Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: Vtesse, LLC, a Mallinckrodt Pharmaceuticals Company
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01747135    
Other Study ID Numbers: 130001
First Posted: December 11, 2012    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: July 23, 2021
Last Verified: July 2021
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No
Plan Description: Publish in peer reviewed journal
Keywords provided by Mallinckrodt ( Vtesse, LLC, a Mallinckrodt Pharmaceuticals Company ):
Niemann-Pick Disease, Type C1
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Pick Disease of the Brain
Niemann-Pick Diseases
Niemann-Pick Disease, Type A
Niemann-Pick Disease, Type C
Aphasia, Primary Progressive
Frontotemporal Dementia
Frontotemporal Lobar Degeneration
Brain Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Neurocognitive Disorders
Mental Disorders
Speech Disorders
Language Disorders
Communication Disorders
Neurobehavioral Manifestations
Neurologic Manifestations
TDP-43 Proteinopathies
Neurodegenerative Diseases
Proteostasis Deficiencies
Metabolic Diseases
Lysosomal Storage Diseases, Nervous System
Brain Diseases, Metabolic, Inborn
Brain Diseases, Metabolic
Histiocytosis, Non-Langerhans-Cell
Lymphatic Diseases