Effects Of Fish Oil Emulsion On Severe Acute Pancreatitis Patients
The incidence of acute pancreatitis in UK has risen sharply over the past 40 years. Recent reports suggest that 56.5 per 100 000 of the population will suffer from AP annually; this figure is more than double the highest previous estimated incidence. In the majority of patients the condition is mild, but about 25% of patients suffer a severe attack and between 30 and 50% of these patients dies. The usual cause of death is multiple organ failure secondary to systemic leukocyte activation (mainly neutrophils), accompanied by the systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS).
Studies with omega-3 fish oil have shown to control inflammatory process and improve the outcome especially in hyperinflammatory conditions.
This research will look at the effects of supplementing omega-3 fish oil to patients with severe acute pancreatitis (severe inflammation of the pancreas).
Patients with severe acute pancreatitis will be prospectively and blindly randomised into either a study group who will receive (Lipidem, lipid emulsion contains essential fatty acids and omega-3 fish oil) or a control group that will receive (Lipofundin, lipid emulsion contains only essential fatty acids and no omega-3 fish oil). Normal and standard clinical care will be provided to all patients as per the national management guidelines. Each patient will receive either Lipidem or Lipofundin emulsions daily until they are deemed fit for discharge by their own medical team or for a maximum of SEVEN days.
The main aim of this study is to examine whether lipid emulsions enriched with omega-3 fish oil could improve the clinical outcome in patients with severe acute pancreatitis.
|Assess Effect of Omega-3 Fish Oil in Patients With Severe Acute Pancreatitis||Dietary Supplement: Lipidem (Omega-3 fish oil lipid emulsion) Dietary Supplement: Lipofundin® MCT/LCT 20%||Phase 2|
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Randomised Controlled Trial On The Effects Of Parenteral Fish Oil Emulsion In Patients With Severe Acute Pancreatitis|
- Reduction of the CRP by 20% from the control group [ Time Frame: Day 7 post infusion ]
- Progression in the Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA) Score [ Time Frame: On days 1, 2, 3, 5 and 7 post infusion ]
- Progression in the Multiple Organ Dysfunction Score (MODS) [ Time Frame: On days 1, 2, 3, 5 and 7 post infusion ]
- Progression in the Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome [ Time Frame: On days 1, 2, 3, 5 and 7 post infusion ]
- Progression in the inflammatory and anti-inflammatory mediators (IL-1RA, IL-10, IL-6, IL-18, TNF-a, ICAM-1, IL-10 etc...). [ Time Frame: On days 1, 2, 3, 5 and 7 post infusion ]
- Escalation of care to high dependency or intensive care unit and length of hospital stay [ Time Frame: On days 1, 2, 3, 5 and 7 post infusion ]
|Study Start Date:||June 2010|
|Study Completion Date:||February 2012|
|Primary Completion Date:||February 2012 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Active Comparator: Lipidem® (BBraun)
Lipid emulsion containing medium chain triglycerides (MCT), long chain triglyceride (LCT) and Omega-3 fatty acid (fish oil)
Dietary Supplement: Lipidem (Omega-3 fish oil lipid emulsion)
Lipidem 200 mg/ml daily infusion for 7 days maximum
Placebo Comparator: Lipofundin® MCT/LCT 20%
Lipid emulsion containing medium and long chain triglycerides
Dietary Supplement: Lipofundin® MCT/LCT 20%
Lipofundin® MCT/LCT 20% daily infusion for 7 days
This research project is designed to give lipid emulsion enriched with omega-3 fish oil to conscious adult patients with mental capacity to consent for themselves and with severe acute pancreatitis in Leicester General Hospital wards or units.
Potential participants with SAP will be identified by the patient's own team and referred to the researchers for consideration and eventual enrolling in the study. Unconscious patients or unable to consent for themselves will be EXCLUDED from the study.
Patients will be randomised to receive Lipidem 200 mg/ml OR Lipofundin MCT/LCT 20% lipid emulsion from random number tables. Randomization, blinding procedure (over labeling) will be conducted by an independent licensed pharmaceutical unit.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01745861
|Leicester General Hospital, University Hospitals of Leicester NHS Trust|
|Leicester, Leicestershire, United Kingdom, LE5 4PW|
|Principal Investigator:||Mr. Ashley Dennison, MD FRCS||Leicester General Hospital, University Hospitals of Leicester NHS Trust|
|Study Chair:||Matthew Metcalfe, MD FRCS||Leicester General Hospital, University Hospitals of Leicester NHS Trust|