Adoption-specific Treatment Prevention Pilot Trial (ADAPT)
This study seeks to pilot a manualized adoption-specific intervention aimed at providing a preventive intervention for families adopting children ages 5-14 years where family reunification has been terminated and the family is moving toward adoption or who have adopted children from foster care in the last three years. This work will fill a major gap in services to children and families and is developed to improve mental health and family functioning of children adopted from foster care, as well as decrease adoption disruptions. President Clinton's 1997 adoption initiative, The Adoption and Safe Families ACT (ASFA), along with subsequent Congressional initiatives, have provided incentives to States and subsidies for adopting older children with a resultant increase in rates of adoption from foster care from 26,000 in 1995 to 53,000 (stabilized annual rate) beginning in 2002. The mean age at adoption from foster care is now 6 years old. These older children have histories of physical and sexual abuse, neglect, and multiple placements, all factors that predict behavior problems over time. To address this gap in our knowledge of providing care for this vulnerable group, we have developed a manualized adoption-specific intervention for families adopting children from foster care. Because adoptive children generally enter homes with stable, well-functioning parents, interventions may be particularly effective in helping the children adjust and their parents learn to understand and manage children with difficult past histories.
The aim of this current pilot trial is to test this intervention designed to improve the outcomes for children adopted from foster care through a randomized trial. Our hypothesis is that this manualized adoption-specific intervention will be more effective than care as usual in improving child mental health and family functioning outcomes; specifically, families and children who have been randomized to the manualized adoption-specific intervention will show better outcomes on the post-treatment measures and the 3 month follow-up than on the pre-treatment measures than the care as usual families and children.
Prevent Disorders in Children Adopted From Foster Care
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Prevention
|Official Title:||Evaluate the Adoption-specific Prevention Treatment Program (ADAPT)|
- Parent Weekly Report [ Time Frame: Participants will be followed for the duration of the therapeutic intervention, an expected average of 24 weeks. ]The Parent Weekly Report consists of two measures: Brief Problem Checklist (Chorpita et al., 2010 and Parent Daily Report (Chamberlain & Reid, 1987).
- Number of child participants whose internalizing and externalizing behaviors improve [ Time Frame: 0 weeks, 24 weeks, 36 weeks ]Child participants' internalizing and externalizing behaviors will be measured at the three distinct times by using both child and parent measures: 1. Emotional Distress and Functioning:Children's Depression Inventory, Screen for Childhood Anxiety Related Emotional Disorders (SCARED),Child PTSD Symptom Scale (CPSS),Achenbach Child Behavior Checklists and Teacher Report Forms (CBCL),Children's Global Assessment Scale (CGAS) 2.Targeted Resilience Factors: Emotion Regulation Checklist (ER Checklist),Kidcope 3.Understanding of Adoption: Adoption Dynamics Questionnaire (ADQ),Children's Beliefs about Adoption Scale (CBAAS) 4.Family Environment and Parental Distress,Family Environment Scale (FES),Brief Symptom Inventory (BSI) 5.Attachment and Parenting: Inventory of Parent and Peer Attachment (IPPA) 6.Trauma Exposure: Modified Life Events Scale (LES) 7.Process Variables: Therapeutic Alliance Scale for Children (TASC),Working Alliance Inventory (WAI),Consumer Satisfaction Questionnaire
|Study Start Date:||October 2012|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||December 2017|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date:||September 2017 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
ADAPT is a manualized intervention with eight treatment modules designed as an early intervention for children, ages 5-14, who are being adopted from foster care and their adoptive parent/s.
ADAPT consists of the following modules/sessions:
Module 1: Trust, positive coping strategies, and behavior management; Module 2: Developmental understanding of adoption experience; Module 3: Substance abuse prevention; Module 4: Loss and grief issues about birth family and foster care; Module 5: Attachment/joining with adoptive family; Module 6: Search for identity/self -esteem; Module 7: Adoption and the outside world; Module 8: Trauma Treatment (if appropriate)
No Intervention: Care as usual
Children, ages 5-14, and their adoptive parent/s will receive care as usual in the treatment setting.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01744951
|Contact: Jeanne Miranda, Ph.D.||310-794-3710||JMMiranda@mednet.ucla.edu|
|Contact: Jill Waterman, Ph.D.||310-825-3240||Waterman@psych.ucla.edu|
|United States, California|
|Children's Bureau of Southern California||Completed|
|Los Angeles, California, United States, 90007|
|UCLA TIES for Familes||Completed|
|Los Angeles, California, United States, 90095|
|UCLA TIES for Families South Bay||Completed|
|Torrance, California, United States, 90502|
|United States, Maryland|
|Center for Adoption Support and Education||Completed|
|Burtonsville, Maryland, United States, 20866|
|United States, North Carolina|
|Children's Home Society North Carolina||Recruiting|
|Greensboro, North Carolina, United States, 27405|
|Contact: LaKeisha Lighty firstname.lastname@example.org|
|Sub-Investigator: LaKeisha Lighty|
|Principal Investigator:||Jeanne Miranda, Ph.D.||University of California, Los Angeles|