Primary Outcome Measures:
- Diagnose specific patterns of doppler signals in CHF patients [ Time Frame: December 2013 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
Comparing Doppler signals' features as velocity, power, timimg, slopes and other between CHF patients and non-CHF patients. Participants will be followed up for the duration of hospital stay, usuall up to 1 week.
This new system was previously studied among 31 healthy volunteers and one subject with atrial fibrillation.1 Pulsed spectral Doppler signals were obtained over the chest wall using a signal processing and algorithm package in conjunction with a non-imaging Doppler device coupled with an electrocardiogram. Clear reproducible lung Doppler signals (LDS) originating from different elements and phases of cardiac activity that generate mechanical waves which propagate throughout the lung were expressed in pulsatile changes in ultrasound reflections.
After the completion of the first 25 patients in our pilot study, we have received some valuable information. After assessing patients with CHF and pulmonary hypertension, we identified signals particular to the CHF group. There were unique features that were never observed in the normal patients. On top of the regular Lung Doppler signals seen in normal patients, high velocity "disorganized" variable signals that were not synchronous with the heart beat, but rather sometimes with respiration were observed. We believe that the signals may represent popping open of small bronchi surrounded by "water filled" parenchyma. These events that generate very strong reflector like signals may represent the movement of fluid at the blood vessel-alveolar air junction.