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Doxycycline for COPD in HIV-Infected Patients

This study is currently recruiting participants.
Verified October 2016 by Robert J. Kaner, Weill Medical College of Cornell University
Sponsor:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01744093
First Posted: December 6, 2012
Last Update Posted: November 1, 2016
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Robert J. Kaner, Weill Medical College of Cornell University
  Purpose

In the context of improved survival from HIV infection itself, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD); a form of lung disease that includes emphysema, which makes breathing difficult) is emerging as an important cause of morbidity and perhaps ultimately mortality in this population. HIV-infected patients are at increased risk of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, likely due to multiple factors, including an increased presence of smoking, chronic inflammation and progression of immunodeficiency, oxidant stress (excessive levels of natural chemicals called oxidants and free radicals that can damage tissue), and respiratory infections. While natural history data on COPD are limited in the era of potent antiretroviral therapy, earlier data suggest that the course of emphysema may be accelerated in this population. Our preliminary data suggest that several matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) derived from alveolar macrophages (a type of immune cell found in the lungs) have an increased cellular response in HIV-infected smokers, which could contribute to accelerated emphysema. Matrix metalloproteinases are enzymes that break down the structural support of tissues, including the airways in the lung.

Based on these observations, the investigators hypothesize that pharmacologic inhibition of matrix metalloproteinases by doxycycline will favorably modify the natural history of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in HIV-infected patients. To test this hypothesis, the investigators propose conducting a proof of concept pilot study as a prelude to a possible phase II randomized, placebo-controlled trial (testing safety and efficacy in a larger population controlled with a "sugar pill") of doxycycline for COPD in HIV-infected patients should the proof of concept be successful. Our research team is lead by a pulmonologist/researcher with expertise in HIV-associated COPD and an infectious diseases specialist/clinical trials expert.


Condition Intervention
HIV Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) Emphysema Drug: Doxycycline Drug: Placebo (sugar pill)

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Triple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Doxycycline for COPD in HIV-Infected Patients

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Robert J. Kaner, Weill Medical College of Cornell University:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Number of participants with adverse events as a measure of safety and tolerability [ Time Frame: 2 years ]

    To determine the safety and tolerability of twice daily doxycycline for 6 months in HIV-infected subjects with COPD and/or emphysema.

    months in HIV-infected subjects with COPD and/or emphysema.



Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Measure of physiologic and biologic effects based on levels of MMP activity in epithelial lining fluid before and after study drug administration. [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
    Reduction of MMP activity in epithelial lining fluid and cells obtained by bronchoscopy and doxycycline levels in blood, ELF and bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) cell pellets; change in FEV1.


Estimated Enrollment: 30
Study Start Date: January 2014
Estimated Study Completion Date: August 2017
Estimated Primary Completion Date: June 2017 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Active Comparator: Doxycycline
100 mg BID (orally) for 6 months
Drug: Doxycycline
100 mg BID for six months
Other Name: Vibramycin
Placebo Comparator: Placebo (sugar pill)
100 mg BID (orally) for 6 months
Drug: Placebo (sugar pill)
100 mg BID for six months
Other Name: Placebo

Detailed Description:
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is emerging as an important cause of morbidity in HIV-infected patients, likely due to multiple factors, including an increased prevalence of smoking, chronic inflammation and immune activation, oxidant stress and respiratory infections. Our preliminary data suggest that several lung matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are upregulated in HIV-infected smokers, which could contribute to accelerated emphysema by virtue of their ability to degrade extracellular matrix and basement membrane components. Our Specific Aim is to determine the safety, tolerability, and biologic effects of twice daily doxycycline for 6 months in HIV-infected subjects with COPD. To address this aim, we will conduct a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled pilot study of doxycycline 100 mg twice daily in 30 HIV-infected subjects with COPD (2:1 doxy:placebo). The primary endpoint will be safety/tolerability and secondary endpoints will include change in FEV1, reduction of MMP activity in epithelial lining fluid and cells obtained by bronchoscopy and doxycycline levels in blood, ELF and bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) cell pellets. In addition to providing novel insights into the biologic effects of doxycycline in the lung, the pilot study will inform selection of endpoints for a phase II trial, which ultimately will address an unmet medical need for novel interventions for COPD/emphysema in HIV-infected patients.
  Eligibility

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 85 Years   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Documented HIV infection
  2. CD4 cell count greater than 200 cells/mm3
  3. HIV RNA less than 400 copies/ml
  4. Stable antiretroviral therapy for greater than or equal to 12 weeks
  5. Fulfills GOLD definition for COPD (post-bronchodilator FEV1/FVC less than 0.7) and/or has radiographic evidence of emphysema
  6. Current or history of smoking with minimum 3 pack-year history
  7. ALT and AST less than 3 x upper limit of normal
  8. For women of childbearing potential: willingness to use 2 forms of birth control
  9. Subjects on therapy for COPD must be on stable therapy for at least 4 weeks

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Pulmonary infection, COPD exacerbation, or acute opportunistic infection within 30 days of entry
  2. Conditions associated with increased sedation of bronchoscopy risk, including but not limited to Gold class 3 or 4 COPD, requirement for home oxygen, hypercapneic respiratory failure, poorly control hypertension
  3. Known allergy/intolerance to doxycycline, atropine, or any local anesthetic
  4. Inability to provide informed consent
  5. Pregnant or lactating women
  6. Men must agree not to attempt to make a woman pregnant of participate in sperm donation during the study and for 6 weeks after discontinuing the drug
  7. Receipt of any investigational drug within 28 days
  8. End stage renal disease
  9. Cirrhosis
  10. INR greater than 1.4
  11. Platelets less than 80,000
  12. Any condition including active drug or alcohol use or dependence that, in the opinion of the site investigator, would interfere with adherence to study requirements or increase the risk of bronchoscopy
  Contacts and Locations
Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01744093


Contacts
Contact: Charleen Hollmann, PhD, MPA, RN 646-962-2672 chollmann@med.cornell.edu
Contact: Grace Mammen 646-962-4537 gwm2004@med.cornell.edu

Locations
United States, New York
Weill Cornell Medical College-New York Presbyterian Hospital Recruiting
New York, New York, United States, 10021
Contact: Charleen Hollmann, PhD, CCRP         
Contact: Grace Mammen, BE    646-962-4537    gwm2004@med.cornell.edu   
Principal Investigator: Robert Kaner, MD         
Sub-Investigator: Marshall Glesby, MD         
Sub-Investigator: Ronald Crystal, MD         
Sub-Investigator: Domenick Falcone, MD         
Sub-Investigator: Thomas Walsh, MD         
Sub-Investigator: Sandra Hyde, BS         
Sub-Investigator: Odelya Pagovich, MD         
Sub-Investigator: Sarah O'Beirne, MD         
Sub-Investigator: Kirsis Ham, MSN         
Sub-Investigator: Lourdes Sanso, MD         
Sub-Investigator: Aileen Orpilla, BE         
Sub-Investigator: Jamico Jacinto         
Sub-Investigator: Kimberly Berry         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Weill Medical College of Cornell University
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Robert Kaner, MD Weill Cornell Medical College-New York Presbyterian Hospital
Study Chair: Marshall Glesby, MD Weill Cornell Medical College-New York Presbyterian Hospital
  More Information

Responsible Party: Robert J. Kaner, Associate Professor of Clinical Medicine, Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Departments of Medicine and Genetic Medicine, Weill Medical College of Cornell University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01744093     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 1208012780
First Submitted: November 20, 2012
First Posted: December 6, 2012
Last Update Posted: November 1, 2016
Last Verified: October 2016
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Undecided

Keywords provided by Robert J. Kaner, Weill Medical College of Cornell University:
HIV
COPD
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Emphysema

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Lung Diseases
Lung Diseases, Obstructive
Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive
Emphysema
Pulmonary Emphysema
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Pathologic Processes
Doxycycline
Anti-Bacterial Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Antimalarials
Antiprotozoal Agents
Antiparasitic Agents