Assessment of Natural Bypasses in the Lower Limb
Coronary Artery Disease
|Study Design:||Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Prospective
|Official Title:||Quantitative Assessment of the Peripheral Artery Collateral Circulation in Patients With and Without Coronary Artery Disease (Pilot Study)|
- Pressure-derived collateral flow index (CFIp) of the superficial femoral artery [ Time Frame: Baseline ]
Biospecimen Retention: Samples Without DNA
|Study Start Date:||February 2010|
|Study Completion Date:||January 2013|
|Primary Completion Date:||January 2013 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Background: Peripheral artery disease (PAD) of the lower extremities is due to arterial obstruction leading to reduced arterial flow during exercise and/or at rest. The disease is present in approximately 4 percent of persons >40 years of age, but in 15-20 percent of those >65 years. Claudication is the major symptom and can improve with pharmacotherapy or exercise rehabilitation. In patients with disabling claudication that persist despite exercise and pharmacotherapy or with critical limb ischemia (i.e. ischemic rest pain; ulcers or gangrene at risk of major amputation), revascularization therapies are indicated. However, in about 1/4 of these patients endovascular or surgical therapy fails or is not applicable, making alternative approaches necessary.1 Thus, promotion of angiogenesis, a process triggered by ischemia with sprouting of capillaries insufficient to provide adequate blood supply to jeopardized tissues, and arteriogenesis, which refers to positive remodeling of preformed collateral arterioles, i.e. collateral growth should be applied in these patients.2, 3 Despite the fact that numerous studies during the last decade pursued the important therapeutic strategy of improving collateral function in patients with PAD, there is currently no method available to quantify collateral arterial function of the lower limb and, thus, to determine therapeutic effects. Clinical studies investigating new therapeutic strategies for the promotion of peripheral collateral growth by application of growth factors and/or exercise rehabilitation have used imprecise and inadequate assessment methods and therefore determined only "weak" endpoints. In contrast to the coronary circulation, there is currently no gold standard available to document successful promotion of collateral growth in patients suffering from PAD.
Aim: The purpose of this study in patients undergoing elective coronary angiography with or without chronic stable coronary artery disease is to evaluate a new invasive method to quantify arterial collateral flow in the lower extremity.
Main hypothesis: Quantitative assessment of peripheral arterial collaterals by pressure-derived collateral flow index (CFIp) in the lower extremities is safe and feasible.
Methodology: Prospective exploratory trial. Primary study endpoint: Pressure-derived collateral flow index (CFIp) of the superficial femoral artery.
Potential significance: The results of this study will demonstrate that the concept of collateral flow index - which has been proven by our group in the coronary circulation - is a safe and feasible method for the quantitative assessment of peripheral limb collateral function. The results of this study may serve as preliminary data for larger clinical trials investigating therapeutic promotion of collaterals in patients with PAD and provide a reliable study endpoint.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01742455
|University Hospital Inselspital|
|Berne, Switzerland, 3010|
|Study Chair:||Christian Seiler, MD, Prof.||University Hospital Inselspital, Berne|
|Principal Investigator:||Tobias Traupe, MD||University Hospital Inselspital, Berne|