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A Study of Palbociclib (PD-0332991) + Letrozole vs. Letrozole For 1st Line Treatment Of Postmenopausal Women With ER+/HER2- Advanced Breast Cancer (PALOMA-2)

This study is ongoing, but not recruiting participants.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Pfizer
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01740427
First received: November 26, 2012
Last updated: June 5, 2017
Last verified: June 2017
  Purpose
The study is designed to compare the clinical benefit following treatment with letrozole in combination with PD-0332991 versus letrozole in combination with placebo in postmenopausal women with ER(+)/HER2(-) advanced breast cancer who have not received prior systemic anti cancer therapies for their advanced/metastatic disease.

Condition Intervention Phase
Breast Neoplasms Drug: PD-0332991 Drug: Letrozole Drug: Placebo Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Randomized, Multicenter, Double-blind Phase 3 Study Of Pd-0332991 (Oral Cdk 4/6 Inhibitor) Plus Letrozole Versus Placebo Plus Letrozole For The Treatment Of Postmenopausal Women With Er (+), Her2 (-) Breast Cancer Who Have Not Received Any Prior Systemic Anti Cancer Treatment For Advanced Disease

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Pfizer:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Progression-Free Survival (PFS) as Assessed by the Investigator. [ Time Frame: From randomization date to date of first documentation of progression OR death (up to approximately 2.5 years) ]
    PFS is defined as the time from the date of randomization to the date of the first documentation of objective tumor progression as per Response Evaluation Criteria In Solid Tumors Criteria (RECIST v1.1) or death due to any cause in the absence of documented PD, whichever occurs first. If tumor progression data include more than 1 date, the first date will be used. PFS (in months) will be calculated as (first event date − randomization date +1)/30.4. Progression is defined using RECIST v1.1, as a 20% increase in the sum of diameters of target measurable lesions above the smallest sum observed (over baseline if no decrease in the sum is observed during therapy), with a minimum absolute increase of 5 mm, or unequivocal progression of pre-existing non-target lesions, or the appearance of new lesions.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Objective Response as Assessed by the Investigator [ Time Frame: From randomization until end of treatment (up to approximately 2.5 years) ]
    Objective Response (OR) is defined as the overall complete response (CR) or partial response (PR) according to the RECIST v1.1. Objective Response Rate (ORR) is defined as proportion of patients with CR or PR relative to all randomized patients with measurable disease at baseline. Patients who do not have on-study radiographic tumor re-evaluation, who received anti-tumor treatment, or who died, progressed/ dropped out for any reason prior to reaching a CR or PR were counted as non-responders in the assessment of ORR. Per RECIST v1.1, CR: Complete disappearance of target lesions with exception of nodal disease. All target nodes must decrease to normal size (short axis <10mm). PR: ≥30% decrease under baseline of the sum of diameters of all target measurable lesions.The short diameter is used in the sum for target nodes, while the longest diameter is used in the sum for all other target lesions. Stable Disease: neither sufficient shrinkage nor increase to qualify for disease progression.

  • Objective Response: Patients With Measurable Disease at Baseline as Assessed by the Investigator [ Time Frame: From randomization until end of treatment (up to approximately 2.5 years) ]
    The OR is defined as the overall CR or PR according to the RECIST v1.1. ORR is defined as proportion of patients with CR or PR relative to all randomized patients with measurable disease at baseline. Patients who do not have on-study radiographic tumor re-evaluation, who received anti-tumor treatment, or who died, progressed/ dropped out for any reason prior to reaching a CR or PR were counted as non-responders in the assessment of ORR. Per RECIST v1.1, CR: Complete disappearance of target lesions with exception of nodal disease. All target nodes must decrease to normal size (short axis <10mm). PR: ≥30% decrease under baseline of the sum of diameters of all target measurable lesions. The short diameter is used in the sum for target nodes, while the longest diameter is used in the sum for all other target lesions. Stable Disease: neither sufficient shrinkage nor increase to qualify for disease progression.

  • Duration of Response (DR) [ Time Frame: From randomization until end of treatment (up to approximately 2.5 years) ]
    DR is defined as the time from the first documentation of objective tumor response (CR or PR) to the first documentation of disease progression or to death due to any cause, whichever occurs first. If tumor progression data included more than 1 date, the first date will be used. DR was calculated as [the date response ended (i.e. date of PD or death) - first CR or PR date + 1)]/30.4. DR would only be calculated for the subgroup of patients with an objective tumor response. Per RECIST v1.1, CR: Complete disappearance of target lesions with exception of nodal disease. All target nodes must decrease to normal size (short axis <10mm). PR: ≥30% decrease under baseline of the sum of diameters of all target measurable lesions.The short diameter is used in the sum for target nodes, while the longest diameter is used in the sum for all other target lesions. Stable Disease: neither sufficient shrinkage nor increase to qualify for disease progression.

  • Disease Control (DC)/Clinical Benefit Response (CBR) [ Time Frame: From randomization until end of treatment (up to approximately 2.5 years) ]
    DC is defined as the overall CR, PR, or stable disease (SD) ≥24 weeks according to the RECIST version 1.1. Disease Control Rate (DCR) is defined as the patients with CR, PR, or SD ≥24 weeks relative to all randomized participants. Participants who do not have on-study radiographic tumor reevaluation, who received anti-tumor treatment, a best response of SD≥24 weeks, or who died, progressed,or dropped out for any reason prior to achieving reaching a CR or PR and a best response of SD≥24 weeks was counted as non-responders in DCR. Per RECIST v1.1, CR: Complete disappearance of target lesions with exception of nodal disease. All target nodes must decrease to normal size (short axis <10mm). PR: ≥30% decrease under baseline of the sum of diameters of all target measurable lesions. The short diameter is used in the sum for target nodes, while the longest diameter is used in the sum for all other target lesions. SD: neither sufficient shrinkage nor increase to qualify for disease progression

  • Tumor Tissue Biomarkers, Including Genes (eg, Copy Numbers of CCND1, CDKN2A), Proteins (eg, Ki67, pRb), and RNA Expression (eg, cdk4, cdk6): Protein Biomarker Analyses by Using Immunohistochemistry Are Presented [ Time Frame: From randomization until end of treatment (up to approximately 24 Months) ]

    PFS survival by biomarker status by Investigator assessment. Progression is defined using RECIST v1.1, as a 20% increase in the sum of the longest diameter of target lesions, or a measurable increase in a non-target lesion, or the appearance of new lesions.

    Positive is defined as H-Score ≥1 and negative as H-Score <1. H-Score is calculated as the sum of the % of cells at each level of staining intensity (0, 1+, 2+, and 3+) multiplied by the staining intensity value: H-Score = (% at 0)*0 + (% at 1+)*1 + (% at 2+)*2 + (% at 3+)*3. H-Score values range from 0 to 300.

    ER stands for estrogen receptor and Rb stands for retinoblastoma susceptibility gene product.


  • Corrected QT Interval (QTc) Time-matched Change From Baseline on Cycle 1 Day 14 [ Time Frame: Time-matched triplicate ECGs were collected at 0 (predose), 2, 4, 6 and 8 hours on Day 0 and on Cycle1 Day14 ]
    Triplicate 12-lead ECG measurements (each recording separated by approximately 2 minutes) were performed and sent to a central laboratory for blinded manual adjudication. The average was calculated. The time corresponding to beginning of depolarization to repolarization of the ventricles (QT interval) was adjusted for RR interval using QT and RR from each ECG by Fridericia's formula (QTcF = QT divided by cube root of RR), by Bazette's formula (QTcB = QT divided by square root of RR) and corrected QT interval according to study-specific criteria (QTcS). Time-matched change from baseline values were reported for QTc analysis population.

  • Corrected QT Interval (QTc) [ Time Frame: For safety monitoring triplicate ECGs were obtained at 0 hour (pre-dose) on Day 1 of Cycle 1, Day 14 of Cycles 1 and Cycle 2, then on Day 1 of Cycles 4, 7, and 10. ECGs beyond Cycle 10 were performed as clinically indicated ]
    Triplicate 12-lead ECG measurements (each recording separated by approximately 2 minutes) were performed and sent to a central laboratory for blinded manual adjudication. The average was calculated. The time corresponding to beginning of depolarization to repolarization of the ventricles (QT interval) was adjusted for RR interval using QT and RR from each ECG by Fridericia's formula (QTcF = QT divided by cube root of RR), by Bazette's formula (QTcB = QT divided by square root of RR) and corrected QT interval according to study-specific criteria (QTcS). Percentage of participants with post-baseline maximum absolute values and maximum increase from baseline were summarized for the safety analysis population.

  • Observed Plasma Trough Concentration (Ctrough) at Steady-State [ Time Frame: 0 hour (predose) on Day 14 of cycles 1 and 2 ]
    Summary of Plasma Palbociclib Within-Patient Mean Steady-State Trough Concentrations.

  • Change From Baseline Between Treatment Comparison in Euro Quality of Life (EQ-5D) Index [ Time Frame: From Baseline up to 2.5 years ]
    The EuroQol EQ-5D is a 6-item instrument designed to assess health status in terms of a single index value or utility score. It contains 5 descriptors of current health state (mobility, self-care, usual activities, pain or discomfort, and anxiety or depression) with each dimension having 3 levels of function (1=no problem, 2=some problem, and 3=extreme problem). The scores on the 5 descriptors are summarized to create a single summary score. An overall utility score is calculated based on these domains, with a range score from 0 (worse health scenario) to a maximum of 1.0 (best health scenario).

  • Change From Baseline Between Treatment Comparison in Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy -Breast (FACT-B) [ Time Frame: From Baseline up to 2.5 years ]
    FACT is a modular approach to assess participant health-related quality of life using a 'core' set of questions (FACT-G) as well as a cancer site-specific module. The FACT-G is a 27-item compilation of general questions divided into 4 domains: Physical Well-Being, Social/Family Well-Being, Emotional Well-Being, and Functional Well-Being. The FACT-B consisted of the FACT-G (27-item) and a breast-specific module: a 10-item instrument designed to assess participant concerns relating to breast cancer. For all questions, participants were asked to respond to a five-level scale where 0=not at all, 1=a little bit, 2=somewhat, 3=quite a bit, and 4=very much. FACT-B total score = Physical Well-Being + Social/Family Well-Being + Emotional Well-Being + Functional Well-Being + Breast Cancer Subscale. As each of the items ranges from 0-4, the range of possible scores is 0-144, with 0 being the worst possible score and 144 the best.

  • Percentage of Participants With Treatment-Emergent Adverse Events (TEAEs; All Causalities) [ Time Frame: From the participant randomization up to 28 days after last dose of study drug, up to 2.5 years ]
    An AE is any untoward medical occurrence in a clinical investigation patient administered a product or medical device; the event need not necessarily have a causal relationship with the treatment or usage. An SAE is any untoward medical occurrence at any dose that results in death; is life-threatening; requires hospitalization; results in persistent or significant disability or in congenital anomaly/birth defect. Severity will be graded by the National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (NCI CTCAE), Version 4.0.


Enrollment: 666
Actual Study Start Date: February 22, 2013
Estimated Study Completion Date: November 15, 2018
Primary Completion Date: February 26, 2016 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: PD-0332991 + Letrozole
PD-0332991, 125mg, orally once daily on Day 1 to Day 21 of every 28-day cycle followed by 7 days off treatment in combination with Letrozole, 2.5mg, orally once daily (continuously).
Drug: PD-0332991
PD-0332991, 125mg, orally once daily on Day 1 to Day 21 of every 28-day cycle followed by 7 days off treatment
Drug: Letrozole
Letrozole, 2.5mg, orally once daily (continuously)
Active Comparator: Placebo + Letrozole
Placebo, 125mg, orally once daily on Day 1 to Day 21 of every 28-day cycle followed by 7 days off treatment in combination with Letrozole, 2.5mg, orally once daily (continuously).
Drug: Placebo
Placebo, 125mg, orally once daily on Day 1 to Day 21 of every 28-day cycle followed by 7 days off treatment
Drug: Letrozole
Letrozole, 2.5mg, orally once daily (continuously)

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Adult women with locoregionally recurrent or metastatic disease not amenable to curative therapy.
  • Confirmed diagnosis of ER positive breast cancer
  • No prior systemic anti-cancer therapy for advanced ER+ disease.
  • Postmenopausal women
  • Measurable disease as per Response Evaluation Criterion in Solid Tumors [RECIST] or bone-only disease
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group [ECOG] 0-2
  • Adequate organ and marrow function
  • Patient must agree to provide tumor tissue

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Confirmed diagnosis of HER2 positive disease
  • Patients with advanced, symptomatic, visceral spread that are at risk of life threatening complication in the short term
  • Known uncontrolled or symptomatic CNS metastases
  • Prior (neo)adjuvant treatment with letrozole or anastrozole with DFI ≤ 12-months from completion of treatment.
  • Prior treatment with any CDK 4/6 inhibitor.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01740427

  Show 317 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Pfizer
Investigators
Study Director: Pfizer CT.gov Call Center Pfizer
  More Information

Additional Information:
Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: Pfizer
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01740427     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: A5481008
2012-004601-27 ( EudraCT Number )
Study First Received: November 26, 2012
Results First Received: October 21, 2016
Last Updated: June 5, 2017

Keywords provided by Pfizer:
breast cancer
postmenopausal women
estrogen-receptor positive
HER2 negative
locoregionally recurrent
metastatic
Palbociclib (PD-0332991)
PALOMA-2

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Letrozole
Palbociclib
Breast Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Breast Diseases
Skin Diseases
Antineoplastic Agents
Aromatase Inhibitors
Steroid Synthesis Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Estrogen Antagonists
Hormone Antagonists
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Protein Kinase Inhibitors

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on August 16, 2017