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Bevacizumab Beyond Progression (BBP) (BBP)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01740258
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : December 4, 2012
Last Update Posted : June 11, 2019
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Genentech, Inc.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Duke University

Brief Summary:
Studies which have separately studied bevacizumab for recurrent gliomas and bevacizumab for newly-diagnosed glioma have shown good results and the regimens have been well-tolerated by patients. This study seeks to investigate the use of bevacizumab with the standard therapy (radiation therapy and temozolomide) in newly diagnosed patients, followed by bevacizumab and temozolomide with the continuation of bevacizumab following progression. Two critical questions remain- the role of bevacizumab maintenance and bevacizumab at the time of progression in a patient previously treated with bevacizumab at the time of initial diagnosis.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Malignant Glioma Grade 4 Malignant Glioma Glioblastoma Gliosarcoma Radiation: Radiation Therapy Drug: Temozolomide Drug: Bevacizumab Phase 2

Detailed Description:

Given the possible synergism with irinotecan and bevacizumab for colorectal carcinomas, the combination has been studied in gliomas. In a study of 21 patients, the combination of irinotecan and bevacizumab produced a 43% response rate, with acceptable toxicity. The response rate is significantly higher than irinotecan alone and any other therapy for recurrent glioma. There were two serious adverse events, one intracranial hemorrhage and one bowel perforation. At the Duke Brain Tumor Center, the investigators have treated over 1000 glioblastoma patients with a bevacizumab-containing regimen, and there is marked clinical benefit and acceptable toxicity. Our initial study looking at the combination of bevacizumab and irinotecan for patients with recurrent glioblastoma published in 2007 found impressive response rates and survival and corroborated the earlier experience of Starks-Vance.

The investigators completed a study for newly diagnosed glioblastoma that utilized bevacizumab, radiation therapy and temozolomide followed by 6 months of bevacizumab, irinotecan and temozolomide. In addition, the group at University of California at Los Angeles published a study with bevacizumab, radiation therapy and temozolomide followed by 12 months of bevacizumab and temozolomide for newly diagnosed glioblastoma. These two phase II studies reported acceptable toxicity and a suggestion of improved survival compared to historical controls, and led to two large phase III randomized, placebo controlled studies of the addition of bevacizumab for newly diagnosed glioblastoma patients. The current proposal builds on the encouraging results of the addition of bevacizumab to the standard therapy for newly diagnosed glioblastoma patients. Two critical questions remain- the role of bevacizumab maintenance and bevacizumab at the time of progression in a patient previously treated with bevacizumab at the time of initial diagnosis. In addition, a retrospective analysis of data collected at our center from patients with recurrent disease suggests that continuation of bevacizumab at the time of progression may improve overall survival in comparison with cessation of bevacizumab.


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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 69 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase II Trial of Bevacizumab, Radiation Therapy and Temodar Followed by Bevacizumab and Temodar With Continuation of Bevacizumab Beyond Progression (BBP-Bevacizumab Beyond Progression)
Study Start Date : January 2013
Estimated Primary Completion Date : December 2019
Estimated Study Completion Date : December 2019


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Bevaczimab, Radiation Therapy, Temozolomide

In Part A, newly-diagnosed patients with Grade 4 malignant gliomas will receive standard radiation therapy, daily Temodar 75mg/M for 6-8 weeks. Bevacizumab will be given concurrently with radiation therapy and Temodar, 10 mg/kg every two weeks.

If they are stable at the end of Part A, they will continue to Part B. In Part B patients will receive up to 12 cycles of bevacizumab and Temodar. Bevacizumab will be given on Days 1 and 15 of a 28-day cycle. Temodar will be 200 mg/meter squared daily for 5 days (days 1-5) of each cycle.

If they have not progressed, patients will start Part C. In Part C, patients will receive bevacizumab 10mg/kg approximately every 2 weeks or 15 mg/kg approximately every 3 weeks.

If patients progress during Part B or C, they will start Part D. In Part D, patients will receive bevacizumab-based therapy containing bevacizumab in combination with a chemotherapy and/or biologic agent, as determined by the Duke treating physician.

Radiation: Radiation Therapy
Other Name: XRT

Drug: Temozolomide
Other Names:
  • temo
  • temodar

Drug: Bevacizumab
Other Name: Avastin




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Overall Survival [ Time Frame: 5 Years ]
    To assess the effect on overall survival of continuing bevacizumab treatment after disease progression in patients treated with bevacizumab from the time of first diagnosis of grade IV malignant glioma.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Describe Toxicity [ Time Frame: 5 Years ]

    To describe the toxicity of bevacizumab, 10 mg every other week (QOW), in combination with radiation therapy and daily Temodar, followed by bevacizumab and 5-day Temodar with continuation of bevacizumab beyond progression.

    For each type of toxicity observed, the maximum grade experienced by each patient will be tabulated overall and for each 6-month period of follow-up.


  2. Progression-free Survival (PFS) [ Time Frame: 5 Years ]
    To assess the effect on progression-free survival of continuing bevacizumab treatment after disease progression in patients treated with bevacizumab from the time of initiation of treatment to the first occurrence of progression, or death



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients with histologically confirmed WHO Grade IV primary malignant glioma (glioblastoma or gliosarcoma);
  • Patients ≥ 18 years of age;
  • An interval of at least 2 weeks, but not ≥ 8 weeks between prior surgical procedure and initiation of treatment;
  • Karnofsky Performance Status (KPS) ≥ 60%
  • Laboratory Values:

    • Platelet Count ≥ 125,000 cells/µL
    • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥ 1,500 cells/µL
    • Adequate renal function indicated by all of the following:

      • Serum creatinine ≤ 1.25 x upper limit of normal (ULN) or calculated creatinine clearance ≥ 50 ml/min
      • Urine dipstick for proteinuria < 2+ unless a 24-hour urine protein < 1 g of protein is demonstrated
    • internationalized normalized ratio (INR) ≤ 1.5 and activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT) ≤ 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) within 7 days prior to first study treatment for patients not receiving anti-coagulation. The use of full-dose oral or parenteral anticoagulants is permitted as long as the INR or aPTT is within therapeutic limits (according to the medical standard of the enrolling institution) and the patient has been on a stable dose of anticoagulants for at least two weeks prior to the first study treatment.
  • Patients will sign an Institutional Review Board-approved informed consent form.
  • Female patients must not be pregnant or breast-feeding. Female patients of childbearing potential (defined as < 2 years after last menstruation or not surgically sterile) must use a highly effective contraceptive method (allowed methods of birth control, [i.e. with a failure rate of < 1% per year] are implants, injectables, combined oral contraceptives, intra-uterine device [Intrauterine Device (IUD); only hormonal], sexual abstinence or vasectomized partner) during the trial and for a period of > 6 months following the last administration of trial drug(s). Female patients with an intact uterus (unless amenorrhea for the last 24 months) must have a negative serum pregnancy test within 7 days prior to first study treatment.
  • Fertile male patients must agree to use a highly effective contraceptive method (allowed methods of birth control [i.e. with a failure rate of < 1% per year] include a female partner using implants, injectables, combined oral contraceptives, Intrauterine Device (IUDs) [only hormonal], sexual abstinence or prior vasectomy) during the trial and for a period of > 6 months following the last administration of trial drugs.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Any prior treatment for any grade glioma, including, but not limited to gliadel wafers, immunotherapy (including vaccine therapy), radiation therapy or chemotherapy, irrespective of grade of the tumor (NOTE: 5-aminolevulinic acid (ALA)-mediated photodynamic therapy administered prior to surgery to aid in optimal surgical resection is not considered a chemotherapy agent.);
  • Co-medication that may interfere with study results; e.g. immuno-suppressive agents other than corticosteroids;
  • Active infection requiring intravenous antibiotics;
  • Prior or current treatment with bevacizumab or other anti-angiogenic treatment (i.e. anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) or vascular endothelial growth factor receptor (VEGFR) therapies or tyrosine kinase inhibitors) for any condition;
  • Treatment with any other investigational agent within 28 days or 2 investigational agent half-lives (whichever is longer) prior to first study treatment;
  • Prior, unrelated malignancy requiring current active treatment with the exception of cervical carcinoma in situ and adequately treated basal cell or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin;
  • Evidence of > Grade 1 central nervous system (CNS) hemorrhage on post-operative MRI scan, unless repeat MRI or CT performed prior to initiating bevacizumab shows stable grade 1 or resolving (< grade 1) CNS hemorrhage.

Bevacizumab-Specific Exclusion Criteria:

  • Inadequately controlled hypertension (defined as systolic blood pressure > 150 mmHg and/or diastolic blood pressure > 100 mmHg) within 28 days of first study treatment;
  • Prior history of hypertensive crisis, hypertensive encephalopathy, reverse posterior leukoencephalopathy syndrome (RPLS);
  • Prior history of gastrointestinal perforation or abscess;
  • Clinically significant (i.e. active) cardiovascular disease, for example cerebrovascular accidents ≤ 6 months prior to study enrollment, myocardial infarction ≤ 6 months prior to study enrollment, unstable angina, New York Heart Association (NYHA) Grade II or greater congestive heart failure (CHF), or serious cardiac arrhythmia uncontrolled by medication or potentially interfering with protocol treatment;
  • History or evidence upon physical/neurological examination of central nervous system disease (e.g. seizures) unrelated to cancer unless adequately controlled by medication or potentially interfering with protocol treatment;
  • Significant vascular disease (e.g., aortic aneurysm requiring surgical repair or recent arterial thrombosis) within 6 months prior to start of study treatment. Any previous venous thromboembolism > NCI common toxicity criteria adverse event (CTCAE) Grade 3;
  • History of pulmonary hemorrhage/hemoptysis ≥ grade 2 (defined as ≥ 2.5 mL bright red blood per episode) within 1 month of first study treatment;
  • History or evidence of inherited bleeding diathesis or significant coagulopathy at risk of bleeding (i.e. in the absence of therapeutic anticoagulation);
  • Current or recent (within 10 days of study enrollment) use of aspirin (>325 mg/day), clopidogrel (>75 mg/day) or equivalent. Prophylactic use of anticoagulants is allowed;
  • Surgical procedure (including open biopsy, surgical resection, wound revision, or any other major surgery involving entry into a body cavity) or significant traumatic injury within 28 days prior to first study treatment, or anticipation of need for major surgical procedure during the course of the study;
  • Minor surgical procedure, e.g. stereotactic biopsy, within 7 days of first study treatment; placement of a vascular access device, within 2 days of first study treatment;
  • History of intracranial abscess within 6 months prior to first study treatment;
  • History of active gastrointestinal bleeding within 6 months prior to first study treatment;
  • Serious, non-healing wound, active ulcer, or untreated bone fracture;
  • Known hypersensitivity to any component of bevacizumab or any of the study drugs;

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01740258


Locations
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United States, North Carolina
Duke Cancer Center
Durham, North Carolina, United States, 27710
Sponsors and Collaborators
Duke University
Genentech, Inc.
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Annick Desjardins, MD, FRCPC Duke University Health System

Additional Information:
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Responsible Party: Duke University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01740258     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: Pro00038098
First Posted: December 4, 2012    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: June 11, 2019
Last Verified: June 2019
Keywords provided by Duke University:
malignant glioma
Grade 4 malignant glioma
glioblastoma
gliosarcoma
adult brain tumor
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Glioblastoma
Glioma
Gliosarcoma
Astrocytoma
Neoplasms, Neuroepithelial
Neuroectodermal Tumors
Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms, Nerve Tissue
Bevacizumab
Temozolomide
Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological
Antineoplastic Agents
Angiogenesis Inhibitors
Angiogenesis Modulating Agents
Growth Substances
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Growth Inhibitors
Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating
Alkylating Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action