Use of Theater to Invoke Empathy and Reduce Bias in Medical Students
|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01739257|
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : December 3, 2012
Last Update Posted : May 30, 2017
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment|
|Medical Student Bias||Behavioral: Medical Lecture Behavioral: Dramatic Reading|
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Actual Enrollment :||129 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Parallel Assignment|
|Masking:||None (Open Label)|
|Study Start Date :||August 2012|
|Primary Completion Date :||October 2012|
|Study Completion Date :||November 2012|
1-hour dramatic reading of "The Most Massive Woman Wins"
|Behavioral: Dramatic Reading|
Active Comparator: Lecture
1-hour lecture on the medical management of obese patients
|Behavioral: Medical Lecture|
- Explicit fat bias [ Time Frame: four months ]Assessment of conscious bias against fat people (unit of measure from 11 to 99).
- implicit fat bias [ Time Frame: four months ]Measurement using the implicit association test (IAT) with scores from -2.0 to +2.0.
- empathy scale [ Time Frame: four months ]Score of Jefferson Scale of Physician Empathy (JSPE) from 20 to 180.
- Patient-Centered Care [ Time Frame: four months ]Open-ended question on the clinical management of an asymptomatic, obese, elderly woman who is otherwise healthy, with coding for a response that is either patient-centered (ie: asking patient preferences and goals) or prescriptive (ie: telling the patient to diet and/or exercise).
- Appraisal of obesity [ Time Frame: four months ]An open-ended question asking participants whether they felt obesity was primarily an issue of discrimination (ie: civil rights) or a public health concern (ie: medical).
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01739257
|United States, California|
|UC Davis School of Medicine|
|Sacramento, California, United States, 95817|
|Principal Investigator:||Richard L Kravitz, MD, MSPH||UC Davis School of Medicine|
|Study Director:||Rachel Hammer, BA||Mayo Medical School|
|Study Director:||Johanna Shapiro, PhD||UC Irvine School of Medicine|