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Sirolimus and Auranofin in Treating Patients With Advanced or Recurrent Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer or Small Cell Lung Cancer

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01737502
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : November 29, 2012
Last Update Posted : June 28, 2022
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Mayo Clinic

Brief Summary:
This phase I/II trial studies the side effects and best dose of auranofin when given together with sirolimus and to see how well it works in treating patients with lung cancer that has spread or other places in the body and cannot be cured or controlled by treatment or has come back after a period of time during which the cancer could not be detected. Auranofin and sirolimus may stop or slow the growth of lung cancer.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Extensive Stage Small Cell Lung Carcinoma Lung Adenocarcinoma Recurrent Non-Small Cell Lung Carcinoma Recurrent Small Cell Lung Carcinoma Squamous Cell Lung Carcinoma Stage IIIA Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Stage IIIB Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Stage IV Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Drug: Auranofin Drug: Sirolimus Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis Other: Pharmacological Study Phase 1 Phase 2

Detailed Description:


I. To establish the maximum tolerated dose of auranofin plus sirolimus after at least one line of platinum based chemotherapy for lung cancer (squamous, ras-mutated adenocarcinoma, or small cell lung cancer) patients with no acceptable standard treatment options. (Phase I) II. To assess the progression-free survival at four months of patients treated with auranofin after at least one line of platinum based chemotherapy for lung cancer (squamous, ras-mutated adenocarcinoma, or small cell lung cancer) patients with no acceptable standard treatment options. (Phase II)


I. To assess the overall survival in this population in comparison to recent historical controls.

II. To determine the adverse events (AE) profile and safety of the regimen. III. To determine the overall response rate, per Response Evaluation Criteria In Solid Tumors (RECIST) criteria, and duration of tumor response in those patients with measurable disease.


I. To assess the relationship between molecular correlates and progression-free survival (PFS), overall survival (OS), response and adverse events.

OUTLINE: This is a phase I, dose-escalation study of auranofin followed by a phase II study.

Patients receive auranofin orally (PO) on days 1-28 and sirolimus PO on days 1-28 (days 8-28 of course 1). Courses repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up every 3-6 months for 5 years.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 47 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase I-II Trial of Combined PKCι and mTOR Inhibition for Patients With Advanced or Recurrent Lung Cancer (NSCLC and SCLC) Without Standard Treatment Options
Actual Study Start Date : November 29, 2012
Estimated Primary Completion Date : August 1, 2023
Estimated Study Completion Date : August 1, 2023

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Treatment (auranofin and sirolimus)
Patients receive auranofin PO on days 1-28 and sirolimus PO on days 1-28 (days 8-28 of course 1). Courses repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Drug: Auranofin
Given PO
Other Name: Ridaura

Drug: Sirolimus
Given PO
Other Names:
  • AY 22989
  • RAPA
  • SILA 9268A
  • WY-090217

Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis
Correlative studies

Other: Pharmacological Study
Correlative studies
Other Name: pharmacological studies

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. MTD of auranofin (Phase I) [ Time Frame: 28 days ]
    The number and severity of all adverse events (overall and by dose level) will be tabulated and summarized. The descriptions and grading scales found in the revised NCI Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) version 4.0 will be utilized for AE reporting.

  2. Number and severity of all adverse events (Phase I) [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ]
    Number and severity of all adverse events (overall and by dose level) will be tabulated and summarized.

  3. Progression-free survival rate (Phase II) [ Time Frame: At 4 months ]
    A patient is considered to be a 4-month progression-free survivor, or success, if the patient is 4 months from registration without a documentation of disease progression. The proportion of successes will be estimated by the number of successes divided by the total number of evaluable patients. Confidence intervals for the true success proportion will be calculated using the properties of the binomial distribution. Additionally, an estimate and confidence interval for the 4-month progression-free survival rate incorporating censoring may be computed using the method of Kaplan-Meier.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Survival time [ Time Frame: Defined as the time from registration to death due to any cause, assessed up to 5 years ]
    The distribution of survival time will be estimated using the method of Kaplan-Meier. The median overall survival time will be descriptively compared to that of the subgroup of patients with squamous cell carcinoma on the cisplatin/gemcitabine arm of Scagliotti et al (2008).

  2. Progression-free survival time [ Time Frame: From registration to the earliest date of documentation of disease progression, assessed up to 5 years ]
    The distribution of progression-free survival time will be estimated using the method of Kaplan-Meier.

  3. Overall response rate, defined to be either a complete response (CR) or partial response (PR) noted as the objective status [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ]
    The overall response rate will be estimated in the subset of patients with measureable disease by the number of responses in evaluable patients with measurable disease divided by the total number of evaluable patients with measureable disease. The appropriate confidence interval will be calculated based on the binomial distribution

  4. Duration of response [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ]
    Defined for all evaluable patients with measurable disease who have achieved a response as the date at which the patient's earliest best objective status is first noted to be a CR or PR to the earliest date progression is documented. The distribution of duration of response will be estimated using the method of Kaplan-Meier.

Other Outcome Measures:
  1. Change in protein kinase C (PKC) iota protein expression [ Time Frame: Baseline to up to 5 years ]
    Will be evaluated at baseline using the baseline tissue specimen and explored in relation to 4-month progression-free survival and subsequently in relation to other clinical outcomes such as tumor response and adverse event incidence using two-way tables and analyzed using Fisher's exact tests.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Histologic or cytologic confirmation of lung cancer (squamous, ras-mutated adenocarcinoma or small cell lung cancer)
  • Patients must have received at least one course of chemotherapy consisting of a platinum doublet and must have no acceptable standard treatment options
  • Prior radiation therapy is permitted as long as:

    • Recovered from the toxic effects of radiation treatment before study entry, except for alopecia
  • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1500 uL
  • Platelets (PLT) >= 100,000 uL
  • Hemoglobin (Hgb) >= 9 g/dL
  • Total bilirubin =< 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) or direct bilirubin =< ULN
  • Serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase (SGOT) (aspartate aminotransferase [AST]) and serum glutamic pyruvic transaminase (SGPT) (alanine aminotransferase [ALT]) =< 3 x ULN or SGOT (AST) and SGPT (ALT) =< 5 x ULN is acceptable if liver has tumor involvement
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status (PS) 0, 1, 2
  • Negative serum pregnancy test done =< 7 days prior to registration, for women of childbearing potential only
  • Ability to provide informed consent
  • Life expectancy >= 12 weeks
  • Willing to return to Mayo Clinic enrolling institution for follow-up
  • Willing to provide tissue samples for correlative research purposes

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Any of the following:

    • Pregnant women
    • Nursing women
    • Men or women of childbearing potential who are unwilling to employ adequate contraception
  • Symptomatic, untreated, or uncontrolled central nervous system (CNS) metastases or seizure disorder; NOTE: patients with treated CNS metastases without evidence of progression and without uncontrolled symptoms or need for steroids may enroll
  • Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive patients receiving combination anti-retroviral therapy are excluded
  • Unwilling or unable to, comply with the protocol
  • Any of the following prior therapies:

    • Radiation to >= 25% of bone marrow
    • Major surgery (i.e., laparotomy), open biopsy, or significant traumatic injury =< 4 weeks prior to registration; minor surgery =< 2 weeks prior to registration; insertion of a vascular access device is not considered major or minor surgery in this regard
  • Any of the following concurrent severe and/or uncontrolled medical conditions:

    • Hypertension, labile hypertension, or history of poor compliance with antihypertensive medication
    • Angina pectoris
    • History of congestive heart failure =< 3 months, unless ejection fraction > 40%
    • Myocardial infarction =< 6 months prior to registration
    • Cardiac arrhythmia
    • Poorly controlled diabetes
    • Interstitial pneumonia or extensive and symptomatic interstitial fibrosis of the lung
    • Active or recent history of hemoptysis; if hemoptysis has resolved with measures such as palliative radiation therapy (e.g. 3000 cGy over 10 fractions), arteriographic embolization or endobronchial interventions (e.g. photodynamic therapy, brachytherapy), etc. for > 14 days, patients may be considered for participation in this study
    • >= Grade 2 hypertriglyceridemia
    • >= Grade 2 hypercholesterolemia
    • Any illness that in the opinion of the investigator would compromise the ability of the patient to participate safely in the clinical trial
  • Use of St. John's Wort because of its effects on hepatic drug metabolism
  • Other active malignancy: EXCEPTIONS: Non-melanoma skin cancer, localized prostate cancer, or carcinoma-in-situ of the cervix; NOTE: If there is a history or prior malignancy, patient must not be receiving other cytotoxic or molecularly targeted therapeutics treatment for their cancer; patients receiving certain hormonal manipulations as part of their treatment may be allowed to continue at the discretion of the Principal Investigator (PI) (e.g. luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone [LHRH] analogs for prostate cancer)
  • Unable to discontinue use of potent cytochrome P450, family 3, subfamily A, polypeptide 4 (CYP3A4) inhibitors/inducers

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01737502

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United States, Arizona
Mayo Clinic in Arizona Active, not recruiting
Scottsdale, Arizona, United States, 85259
United States, Florida
Mayo Clinic Recruiting
Jacksonville, Florida, United States, 32224
Contact: Clinical Trials Referral Office    855-776-0015    mayocliniccancerstudies@mayo.edu   
Principal Investigator: Yan Yan Lou, MD         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Mayo Clinic
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
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Principal Investigator: Helen Ross Mayo Clinic
Additional Information:
Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: Mayo Clinic
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01737502    
Other Study ID Numbers: MC1125
NCI-2012-00518 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
MC1125 ( Other Identifier: Mayo Clinic in Arizona )
P30CA015083 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: November 29, 2012    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: June 28, 2022
Last Verified: June 2022
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Lung Neoplasms
Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung
Adenocarcinoma of Lung
Small Cell Lung Carcinoma
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Disease Attributes
Pathologic Processes
Respiratory Tract Neoplasms
Thoracic Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Lung Diseases
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Carcinoma, Bronchogenic
Bronchial Neoplasms
Anti-Bacterial Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Antibiotics, Antineoplastic
Antineoplastic Agents
Antifungal Agents
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antirheumatic Agents