Don't get left behind! The modernized is coming. Check it out now.
Say goodbye to!
The new site is coming soon - go to the modernized
Working… Menu

APG101 in Myelodysplastic Syndrome (APG101 in MDS)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01736436
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : November 29, 2012
Last Update Posted : August 24, 2016
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Apogenix AG ( Apogenix GmbH )

Brief Summary:

It has been shown in preclinical experiments with bone marrow from patients with myelodysplastic syndrome that APG101 rescues erythrocytes from premature cell death. This is expected to translate in an improved erythropoiesis and ameliorated anemia in MDS patients.

APG101 might, therefore, be a valuable addition to current treatments of low- or intermediate MDS patients suffering from anaemia.

Transfusion-dependent patients with low or intermediate risk MDS according to WHO Prognostic Scoring Scale (WPSS) can be included in this study.

Treatment consists of 100mg APG101 intravenous as a weekly treatment over 12 weeks + 6 months follow up phase.

Primary objective of the trial is safety and tolerability of APG101; secondary objectives are

  • Hematologic, cytologic and cytogenetic response rate using modified International Working Group (IWG) response criteria
  • Incidence and time to leukemic progression at 37 weeks
  • OS (Overall survival) at 37 weeks

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Myelodysplastic Syndrome Drug: Treatment with APG101 Procedure: Bone marrow collection Procedure: Blood drawings Phase 1

Layout table for study information
Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 20 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: APG101 in Transfusion-Dependent Patients With Low or Intermediate Risk Myelodysplastic Syndrome
Study Start Date : January 2013
Actual Primary Completion Date : December 2015
Actual Study Completion Date : December 2015

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: 100 mg APG101 weekly over 12 weeks
Single arm open label study. Patient receive 100 mg APG101 i.v. weekly over 12 weeks with a 6 monthly follow-up phase
Drug: Treatment with APG101
Patients will be treated 12 weeks with 100 mg APG101 intravenous weekly

Procedure: Bone marrow collection
During the study, bone marrow will be collected 4 times to assess study objectives

Procedure: Blood drawings
During the study, blood will be drawn at different time points to assess study objectives

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Safety and tolerability [ Time Frame: During the whole study (37 weeks) ]

    Evaluation of adverse events (AEs) and serious adverse events (SAEs). Evaluation of electrocardiograms (ECGs), abdominal ultrasound, anti-drug antibodies (ADA), changes in lymphocyte subpopulations / activation markers and changes in performance status (ECOG).

    Any side effects potentially related to the APG101 treatment are evaluated.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Overall survival (OS) [ Time Frame: OS is captured for 37 weeks (during study) ]
    Overall survival (OS) is defined as time from start of study treatment to death from any cause

  2. Changes in transfusion frequency [ Time Frame: During the whole study. Baseline values are compared to values under treatment with APG101 (e.g baseline compared to week 12 and week 37) ]
    Changes in transfusion frequency will be evaluated as those are early signs of an improval in erythropoiesis

  3. Changes of different parameters (e.g. histologic, cytologic, cytogenetic) in bone marrow according to Chesson criteria [ Time Frame: During the study (37 weeks) ]
    By assessing different parameters (cytologic, hematologic, cytogenetic), safety as well as efficacy of treatment with APG101 can be evaluated

  4. Changes in hemoglobin (Hb) level [ Time Frame: During the study (37 weeks) ]
    Changes in Hb level will be evaluated as those are early signs of an improval in erythropoiesis

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

Layout table for eligibility information
Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Signed informed consent
  • Male and female patients with cytologically or histologically established diagnosis of de novo MDS according to the WHO-classification, either previously treated or untreated, presenting with low or intermediate risk features according to WHO prognostic status scale (WPSS)
  • Diagnosis of MDS with a medullary blast count of less than 5% has to be established or confirmed by bone marrow morphology
  • MDS with 5q deletion only if Lenalidomide is not a treatment option
  • Red blood cell transfusion dependency of at least 4 units of packed red blood cells (PRBC) during the last 8 weeks before inclusion. Only PRBC transfusions given for a Hb level ≤ 9g/dl or a haemoglobin level > 9g/dl, if clinically indicated (e.g. coronary heart disease, long distance travel), will count.
  • Patients refractory to Erythropoietin-stimulating agents (ESA) (as assessed after at least 8 weeks of treatment) or with a low possibility to respond to ESA treatment
  • at least 18 years old, smoking or non-smoking, of any ethnic origin
  • ECOG performance status ≤ 2
  • Suitable veins or existing port system for intra-venous infusion
  • Adequate contraception

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Any serious medical condition, laboratory abnormality, or psychiatric illness that would prevent the subject from signing the informed consent form
  • MDS with medullary blast count ≥ 5%
  • Chronic monomyeloic leucemia (CMML)
  • Therapy-related / secondary MDS
  • High-risk karyotype according to WPSS
  • Patients scheduled for bone marrow or stem cell transplant within the next 6 months
  • Parallel treatment with ESA or with other experimental therapy
  • Prior chemotherapy (including Vidaza)
  • Treatment within the last 6 weeks with histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitors or ESAs
  • Treatment within any other clinical trial parallel to the treatment phase of the current study or within 30 days before inclusion
  • Active uncontrolled infection
  • HIV, active hepatitis B virus (HBV) and/or hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection
  • Any other condition / treatment or past medical history of diseases with poor prognosis that, in the opinion of the investigator, might interfere with the study
  • History of or current drug or substance abuse
  • History of other (haemato-) oncological disease (except for non-melanoma skin cancer and adequately treated in situ carcinoma of the cervix)
  • Inability to understand the protocol requirements, instructions and study-related restrictions, the nature, scope, and possible consequences of the study
  • Unlikely to comply with the protocol requirements, instructions and study-related restrictions; e.g., uncooperative attitude, inability to return for follow-up visits, and improbability of completing the study
  • Subject is the investigator, research assistant, pharmacist, study coordinator, other staff or relative thereof directly involved in the conduct of the study.
  • Hypersensitivity to recombinant proteins or excipients in the investigational drug
  • Pregnancy or breast feeding
  • Vulnerable patients (e.g., minors or persons kept in detention)

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT01736436

Layout table for location information
Universitaetsklinik Heidelberg, Medizinische Klinik V, Haematologie, Onkologie & Rheumatologie
Heidelberg, Germany, 69120
Universitaetsmedizin Mannheim, III. Medizinische Klinik, Haematologie und Onkologie
Mannheim, Germany, 68167
Sponsors and Collaborators
Apogenix GmbH
Layout table for investigator information
Principal Investigator: Florian Nolte, MD Universitaetsmedizin Mannheim, III. Medizinische Klinik, Hämatologie und Onkologie, Theodor-Kutzer-Ufer 1-3, 68167 Mannheim, Germany
Layout table for additonal information
Responsible Party: Apogenix GmbH Identifier: NCT01736436    
Other Study ID Numbers: APG101_CD_003
2012-003027-37 ( EudraCT Number )
First Posted: November 29, 2012    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: August 24, 2016
Last Verified: August 2016
Keywords provided by Apogenix AG ( Apogenix GmbH ):
Myelodysplastic syndrome
Low and intermediate risk
Transfusion-dependent patients
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Layout table for MeSH terms
Myelodysplastic Syndromes
Pathologic Processes
Bone Marrow Diseases
Hematologic Diseases
Precancerous Conditions