Working… Menu
Trial record 12 of 29 for:    Pulmonary Hypertension OR Vascular dementia OR Vascular Dementia OR Vascular Contributions to Cognitive Impairment and Dementia | Recruiting, Not yet recruiting, Available Studies | NIH, U.S. Fed

Natural History Study of Biomarkers in Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01730092
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : November 21, 2012
Last Update Posted : June 11, 2019
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)

Brief Summary:


- High blood pressure in the lungs, known as pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), is a rare disorder. Some people have disease-associated PAH and some have PAH from an unknown cause. Researchers want to follow the natural history of all PAH patients to understand how PAH progresses in order to discover targets for future research into new treatments. To further identify treatment targets, they will compare healthy volunteers to patients with PAH.


- To study the natural history of PAH.


  • Individuals at least 18 years of age who have PAH.
  • Healthy volunteers at least 18 years of age.


  • Participants with PAH will have periodic visits to the National Institutes of Health Clinical Center. After the first visit, they will return in 6 months and then yearly or every other year for as long as the study continues.
  • The first visit will take up to 3 days. It will involve the following tests:
  • Physical exam and medical history
  • Blood and urine samples
  • Heart and lung function tests and imaging studies
  • Six-minute walk test
  • Questions about exercise and physical activity
  • Healthy volunteers will have only one visit to the Clinical Center, during which they will undergo screening tests, and complete many of the same tests as patients with PAH

Condition or disease
Pulmonary Disease Pulmonary Hypertension

Detailed Description:


Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a rare disorder associated with poor survival. Endothelial dysfunction resulting from 1) genetic susceptibility, and 2) a triggering stimulus that initiates pulmonary vascular injury, the two-hit hypothesis, appears to play a central role both in the pathogenesis and progression of PAH. Inflammation appears to drive this dysfunctional endothelial phenotype, propagating cycles of injury and repair in genetically susceptible patients with idiopathic PAH (IPAH) and patients with disease-associated PAH. However, despite mounting evidence of vascular inflammation in patients with PAH, detailed phenotypic studies are lacking on the temporal evolution of this process and its contribution to right ventricular (RV) and pulmonary vascular remodeling. We hypothesize that a detailed characterization of the temporal evolution of vascular inflammation in PAH and its impact on RV and pulmonary vascular function will add prognostic value to traditional measures of disease severity and suggest novel therapeutic targets for future research.


Patients with IPAH and disease-associated PAH will be recruited to the NIH and enrolled in this natural history study investigating the ability of circulating markers of vascular inflammation as well as high-resolution cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to accurately stage severity of disease and/or predict clinically relevant outcomes.


The total population for the study will be 150 PAH subjects and approximately 55 age and gender matched controls (i.e. each healthy volunteer is matched to less than or equal to 3 PAH subjects).

PAH subjects will undergo 1) standard clinical examinations including 6-minute walk distance and echocardiography; 2) cardiopulmonary exercise testing; 3) markers of coagulation and fibrotic disease; 4) plasma profiling of inflammatory

markers; 5) gene expression profiling of peripheral blood mononuclear cells PBMCs); 6) high-resolution MRI-based determination of pulmonary vascularand RV structure and function and 7) Cardiac CT scan.

Plasma markers of endothelial inflammation, PBMC expression profiles, and high-resolution cardiac MRI will also be studied in age and gender matched controls to define normal ranges and variability for each of these novel assessments. Comparison of these results to PAH subjects at baseline will be used to determine the degree to which these investigative tests distinguish PAH patients from healthy subjects. Likewise, baseline clinical evaluations of PAH subjects will be used to examine whether any novel test (inflammatory markers, or cardiac MRI), accurately classifies patients according to their disease severity. In addition, these tests will be investigated prospectively for their ability to predict PAH disease progression. Disease progression will be defined prospectively as a decrease in the 6-minute walk distance of greater than or equal to10% from baseline or clinical worsening requiring an escalation in therapy, hospitalization due to right heart failure, transplantation or death.

Additional plasma will be collected from PAH subjects and age/gender matched control subjects. This material will be used to probe for new biomarkers and inflammatory factors using discovery based approaches (i.e. Proteomics and pulmonary artery endothelial cell bioassay).

Layout table for study information
Study Type : Observational
Estimated Enrollment : 270 participants
Observational Model: Case-Control
Time Perspective: Prospective
Official Title: A Natural History Study of Novel Biomarkers in Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension
Study Start Date : November 17, 2012
Estimated Primary Completion Date : August 31, 2022
Estimated Study Completion Date : August 31, 2022

Primary clinical for PAH
Community Sample for Controls

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Examine whether any novel test (inflammatory markers or high resolution cardiac MRI), accurately classifies PAH subjects according to disease severity as assessed by their baseline 6-minute walk distance. [ Time Frame: 10 years ]
    Compare outcomes in PAH subjects with controls

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

Layout table for eligibility information
Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 99 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Sampling Method:   Probability Sample
Study Population
primary clinical for PAH and community sample for controls

Inclusion Criteria for PAH Subjects:

The following parameters on RHC are required to meet the hemodynamic definition of PAH (NYHA/WHO Group I PH):

  • mean pulmonary artery pressure of greater than 25 mmHg at rest,
  • pulmonary capillary wedge pressure of less than or equal to 15 mmHg (or a left ventricular end-diastolic pressure of less than or equal to 12mmHg) and
  • pulmonary vascular resistance of greater than 3 Wood units (240 dyn s cm(5)).

For patients with suspected PAH (Group I PH) who have not undergone a RHC and/or additional testing to confirm the diagnosis, this testing will be completed as clinically indicated under a procedural consent. If clinically indicated (diagnostic) testing indicates that the subject with suspected PAH does not in fact meet standard criteria for PAH (Group I PH), then the subject will be removed from the study.

Exclusion Criteria for PAH Subjects:

  • Pregnant or breastfeeding women (all women of childbearing potential will be required to have a screening urine or blood pregnancy test)
  • Age less than 18 years
  • Inability to provide informed written consent for participation in the study


Inclusion Criteria for Control Subjects

Any healthy man or woman who is the appropriate age and gender for matching to a PAH patient

  • Must be eligible for MRI and Gadolinium Based MRI studies
  • Must be eligible for CT and Iodine Based Contrast CT studies

Exclusion Criteria for Healthy Control Subjects

  • Current pregnancy or breastfeeding (All women of childbearing potential will be required to have a screening urine or blood pregnancy test)
  • Electrocardiographic evidence of clinically relevant heart disease
  • Symptoms of coronary or cardiac insufficiency
  • More than one major risk factor for coronary artery disease (excluding age and gender)
  • Obesity (defined as a body mass index > 30 kg/m(2))
  • History of underlying conditions/risk factors associated with pulmonary hypertension such as collagen vascular disease, HIV infection, use of appetite suppressants, chronic liver disease or cirrhosis of the liver, chronic thromboembolic disease, congenital heart defects, hypoxemia and/or significant pulmonary parenchymal disease
  • Systemic hypertension that is not well controlled (i.e. blood pressure at the time of screening greater than or equal to140/90 mmHg) in adults < 60 years old or greater than or equal to 150/90 mmHg in adults 60 years or older) on medications. Subjects taking > 2 anti-hypertensive medications will be excluded irrespective of their current blood pressure at time of screening
  • Anemia, thrombocytopenia or coagulopathy
  • Renal insufficiency (defined as an estimated glomerular filtration rate of < 60 mL/min/1.73m(2) of body surface area)
  • Active tobacco use (> 6 months) in the past ten years, any tobacco use within 3 months prior to the screening evaluation or any tobacco use prior to completion of the study
  • Inability to provide informed written consent for participation in the study
  • History of recreational drug use with the exception of marijuana (as long as marijuana use was > 3 months from the time of study screening).

Exclusion Criteria for MRI in Healthy Control Subjects and Subjects with PAH

These contraindications include but are not limited to the following devices or conditions:

  1. Implanted cardiac pacemaker or defibrillator
  2. Cochlear Implants
  3. Ocular foreign body (e.g. metal shavings)
  4. Embedded shrapnel fragments
  5. Central nervous system aneurysm clips
  6. Implanted neural stimulator
  7. Any implanted device that is incompatible with MRI
  8. Unsatisfactory performance status as judged by the referring physician such that the subject could not tolerate an MRI scan. Examples of medical conditions that would not be accepted would include unstable angina and severe dyspnea at rest
  9. Subjects requiring monitored sedation for MRI studies
  10. Subjects with a condition precluding entry into the scanner (e.g. morbid obesity, claustrophobia, etc.)
  11. Subjects with severe back-pain or motion disorders who will be unable to tolerate supine positioning within the MRI scanner and hold still for the duration of the examination.

Exclusion Criteria for Gadolinium Based MRI Studies Only:

  1. History of severe allergic reaction to gadolinium contrast agents despite pre- medication with diphenhydramine and prednisone
  2. Chronic kidney disease (an estimated glomerular filtration rate of < 60 mL/min/1.73m(2) of body surface area)

Exclusion Criteria for Cardiac Computed Tomography in Healthy Control Subjects and Subjects with PAH:

1) Subjects with a condition precluding entry into the scanner (e.g. morbid

obesity, claustrophobia, etc.)

Exclusion Criteria for Iodine Based Contrast CTA Studies Only:

  1. Serum creatinine > 1.4 mg/dL
  2. History of multiple myeloma
  3. Use of metformin-containing products less than 24 hours prior to contrast administration
  4. History of significant allergic reaction to CTA contrast agents despite premedication with diphenhydramine and prednisone

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT01730092

Layout table for location contacts
Contact: Grace M Graninger, R.N. (301) 496-9320
Contact: Michael A Solomon, M.D. (301) 496-9320

Layout table for location information
United States, Maryland
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center, 9000 Rockville Pike Recruiting
Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892
Contact: For more information at the NIH Clinical Center contact Office of Patient Recruitment (OPR)    800-411-1222 ext TTY8664111010   
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)
Layout table for investigator information
Principal Investigator: Michael A Solomon, M.D. National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)

Additional Information:
Layout table for additonal information
Responsible Party: National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) Identifier: NCT01730092     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 130012
First Posted: November 21, 2012    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: June 11, 2019
Last Verified: June 6, 2019

Layout table for additional information
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):
Vascular Inflammation
Right Ventricular Function
Endothelial Dysfunction
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Layout table for MeSH terms
Hypertension, Pulmonary
Vascular Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Lung Diseases
Respiratory Tract Diseases