This site became the new on June 19th. Learn more.
Show more Menu IMPORTANT: Listing of a study on this site does not reflect endorsement by the National Institutes of Health. Talk with a trusted healthcare professional before volunteering for a study. Read more... Menu IMPORTANT: Talk with a trusted healthcare professional before volunteering for a study. Read more... Menu
Give us feedback

Early Versus Late Intubation Trial in Physician Manned Emergency Medical Services (ELITE)

This study has been withdrawn prior to enrollment.
(Withdrawn, no patients included)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Norwegian Air Ambulance Foundation Identifier:
First received: November 10, 2012
Last updated: September 18, 2017
Last verified: September 2017
This study looks at advanced airway management in critically ill or injured patients treated by physician manned emergency medical services, comparing early (on-scene) intubation to late (emergency department) intubation.

Condition Intervention
Trauma Craniocerebral Trauma Intracerebral Hemorrhage Seizures Unconsciousness Procedure: Early Intubation Procedure: Late intubation

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Prospective Randomized Controlled Trial Comparing Competent EARLY-intubation to LATE-intubation in Patients With Prehospital GCS < 9 and Short Transport Time to Hospital.

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Norwegian Air Ambulance Foundation:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • 30 days mortality after injury or illness. [ Time Frame: 30 days after illness or injury ]
    Dead or alive

  • Neurologic outcome at 6 months after injury or illness. [ Time Frame: 6 months after illness or injury ]
    Neurologic outcome will be assessed using glascow outcome scores (GOS-E)

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Intubation success rates and airway management complications for the entire cohort and for key subsets [ Time Frame: up to 6 months after illness or injury ]
  • Length of hospital stay, complications and degree of disability at discharge. [ Time Frame: up to 6 months after illness or injury ]
  • Prevalence of adverse effects like cardiovascular complications (e.g. bradycardia, hypotension, asystole), and respiratory complications (e.g. hypoxia, pneumothorax). [ Time Frame: up to 6 months after illness or injury ]

Enrollment: 0
Anticipated Study Start Date: January 1, 2015
Study Completion Date: March 28, 2017
Primary Completion Date: March 28, 2017 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Active Comparator: Early Intubation
Early intubation is defined as prehospital intubation on the scene of the patient illness/injury, or where the EMS physician first meets the patient (e.g en route to hospital). Intubation includes drug assisted and/or rapid sequence intubation (RSI) with endotracheal tube.
Procedure: Early Intubation
Active Comparator: Late intubation
Late intubation is defined as on-scene prehospital high-flow (> 10 L/min) supplemental oxygen by mask, assisted bag-mask-ventilation by EMS physician if required and stable recovery position during transport to hospital. Intubation should be done on arrival in the emergency department.
Procedure: Late intubation

Detailed Description:

The ELITE trial is a prospective randomized controlled trial (RCT) to compare competent EARLY-intubation to LATE-intubation in patients with on-scene Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) < 9 and short ambulance transport times (< 20 min) to hospital.

The study aims to establish if advanced airway management with endotracheal intubation (ETI) in the field by specially trained Emergency Medical Services (EMS) physicians - compared to endotracheal intubation (ETI) performed by physicians in the emergency department in the same group - improves outcome in terms of 30-day mortality, degree of disability at discharge, complications and length of hospital stay, and neurologic outcome at 6 months.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Adult patients (> 18 years)
  • Initial GCS < 9 independent of cause.
  • Intact airway reflexes and no impending airway obstruction.
  • Located < 20 min ambulance transport time from nearest hospital emergency department.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Pediatric patients (under 18 years).
  • Primary cardiorespiratory arrest (of non-traumatic / medical cause).
  • Planned helicopter transport to hospital.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT01730001

Haukeland University Hospital
Bergen, Norway, 5021
Norwegian Air Ambulance Foundation
Drøbak, Norway, 1441
Sponsors and Collaborators
Norwegian Air Ambulance Foundation
Principal Investigator: Geir A Sunde, MD Norwegian Air Ambulance Foundation
Study Chair: Stephen JM Sollid, MD, PhD, Ass.Prof Norwegian Air Ambulance Foundation
Study Director: Hans M Lossius, MD, PhD, Prof Norwegian Air Ambulance Foundation
Principal Investigator: Espen Fevang, MD Norwegian Air Ambulance Foundation
  More Information

Additional Information:
Responsible Party: Norwegian Air Ambulance Foundation Identifier: NCT01730001     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: NLA-3104-03/04
Study First Received: November 10, 2012
Last Updated: September 18, 2017

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Wounds and Injuries
Cerebral Hemorrhage
Craniocerebral Trauma
Pathologic Processes
Brain Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Neurologic Manifestations
Signs and Symptoms
Intracranial Hemorrhages
Cerebrovascular Disorders
Vascular Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Trauma, Nervous System
Consciousness Disorders
Neurobehavioral Manifestations processed this record on September 21, 2017