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A Trial of Meal Replacement at a Community Diabetes Clinic Serving a Low Socioeconomic Hispanic Population

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01729117
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : November 20, 2012
Last Update Posted : November 20, 2012
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of Southern California

Brief Summary:

Background and Rationale Research studies have shown that patients with type 2 diabetes (T2DM) who lose weight have better glucose control and less risk for heart disease. It has been difficult to achieve these results in a non-research setting. Meal replacements (MR) are pre-packaged meals with appropriate calories and nutrients that enhance adherence to a weight loss program by reducing decision-making and facilitating target caloric intake. The University of Southern California (USC) arm of the NIH funded Look AHEAD study at Roybal Clinic has demonstrated acceptability and success of MRs in conjunction with a structured lifestyle modification program in achieving weight loss in underserved Hispanic T2DM patients.

Objectives Our short-term objective is to determine the efficacy, safety and feasibility of a 3-month full MR program in conjunction with a 1 year standardized lifestyle modification program in a clinic setting. Our longer-term goal is to acquire data for sample size and power estimates for a larger NIH- or other funded prospective, randomized trial.

Study Methodology A 1-year, prospective trial study of 30 obese subjects with T2DM treated with insulin randomized to 2 groups: standard care (SC) or Meal Replacement group (MR). The SC will receive usual care at Roybal Diabetes Management Clinic (DMC). The MR will receive MRs and a lifestyle course in addition to the usual clinical care at the Roybal DMC. Phase 1 consists of 3-months 1200 -1400cal diet using full MR. Phase 2 consists of a 3-month transition to the same caloric intake using regular meals and 1 MR/day . Phase 3 consists of a 6-month weight loss maintenance period with 1 MR/day. This will be about 1400-1600 calories/day for women and 1800 to 2000 calories/day for men. Individual and group educational, support and counseling visits will be components of all 3 phases of the study.

Outcomes Efficacy of the program will be determined by weight, waist measurement and waist to hip ratio, blood pressure, HbA1c, lipids, and medication use at baseline and at 3, 6, 9 and 12 months. These are all measurements that are done routinely in these patients. Safety will be determined by monitoring of adverse events.

Data Analysis We will compare the outcomes between the SC and MR at 0,3,6,9 and 12 months to determine if there is evidence that the intervention improves outcomes and is safe.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Type 2 Diabetes Obesity Other: Meal Replacement Other: Standard Care Not Applicable

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 30 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: The 1,2,3 Plan: A Randomized Controlled Trial of Meal Replacement With a Lifestyle Modification Program vs. Standard Care at a Community Diabetes Clinic Serving a Low Socioeconomic Hispanic Population
Study Start Date : May 2009
Actual Primary Completion Date : April 2012
Actual Study Completion Date : April 2012

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Arm Intervention/treatment
Meal Replacement
Meal Replacements will be provided to participants randomized to the MR group
Other: Meal Replacement
5 Meal Replacements/day will be given for 3 months and then 1/day for 9 months.
Other Name: HMR70 Plus products; HMR Boston, Massachusetts

Standard Care
Standard Care participants will receive standard care but no meal replacements
Other: Standard Care
Standard Care only

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change in BMI [ Time Frame: 12months ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Severe Hypoglycemic Events [ Time Frame: 12 months ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:


  • Age >18 years
  • Enrolled in the Roybal Diabetes Management Clinic
  • Self-described as Hispanic
  • Willing and able to participate in Spanish language group sessions.
  • Willing and able to attend study visits for the duration of the study at the allocated times.
  • Willing and able to maintain a food exercise and medication log and perform and record self-monitoring of blood glucose (SMBG) Clinical
  • T2DM diagnosed by fasting blood glucose >126mg/dL or random blood glucose >200mg/dL
  • BMI>30 kg/m2
  • If a woman of childbearing potential, using effective contraception. Biochemical HbA1c 8%-12% Medication
  • On insulin therapy

Exclusion Criteria:

Medical conditions

  • Type 1 DM
  • Illness likely to lead to unstable weight or altered glucose control.
  • Proliferative diabetic retinopathy on eye examination within the last 6 months.
  • Gallstones suspected on clinical history or documented on ultrasound.
  • Serum creatinine >1.5mg/dL
  • Symptomatic cardiovascular disease
  • Documented liver disease other than fatty liver
  • Lactating, pregnant or intending to become pregnant within the following year Psycho-social conditions
  • Inability or unwillingness to participate in a Spanish-language lifestyle group.
  • Eating disorder such as bulimia
  • Uncontrolled psychiatric disorder such as severe uncontrolled depression or bipolar disorder.
  • Inability to attend scheduled appointments regularly for the duration of the study Medication use
  • Use of weight loss medication within previous 3 months including exenatide.
  • Use of medication (other than diabetes medication) likely to lead to unstable weight or altered glucose control
  • Laxative or substance abuse
  • More than 10 alcoholic drinks/week

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT01729117

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United States, California
Roybal Diabetes Management Clinic
Los Angeles, California, United States, 90022
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Southern California
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Principal Investigator: Elizabeth O Beale, MD University of Southern California
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Responsible Party: University of Southern California Identifier: NCT01729117    
Other Study ID Numbers: HS-08-00646
First Posted: November 20, 2012    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: November 20, 2012
Last Verified: November 2012
Keywords provided by University of Southern California:
Type 2 diabetes
Meal replacement
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Diabetes Mellitus
Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2
Glucose Metabolism Disorders
Metabolic Diseases
Endocrine System Diseases