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Impact of SC vs IM Administration of DENVax (TDV) on Safety and Immunogenicity

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01728792
First Posted: November 20, 2012
Last Update Posted: August 8, 2017
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
Collaborator:
Walter Reed Army Institute of Research (WRAIR)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Takeda
  Purpose
This study assessed the safety and immunogenicity of Takeda's Tetravalent Dengue Vaccine Candidate (TDV) previously referred to as DENVax of various dosing schedules via subcutaneous (SC) or intramuscular (IM) administration with needle/syringe or needle-free injector (PharmaJet Stratis™).

Condition Intervention Phase
Dengue Fever Biological: TDV Phase 1

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: Impact of Subcutaneous Versus Intramuscular Administration of Inviragen's Live Attenuated Dengue Vaccine on Safety and Immunogenicity

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Takeda:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Number of Participants With Solicited Local (Injection Site) Reactions Following Either Vaccine Administration (Day 0 or Day 90) by Maximum Severity as Assessed by the Investigator [ Time Frame: For 14 days after each vaccination (Up to Day 14 and/or Day 104) ]
    Injection site reactions were evaluated by the investigator within 14 days following each injection. Erythema (redness), edema (swelling/induration) and pain were graded per The FDA Guidance for Industry: Toxicity Grading Scale for Healthy Adult and Adolescent Volunteers Enrolled in Preventive Vaccine Clinical Trials. Pain was graded from 0=None to 4=Life-threatening. Erythema and Edema longest diameter were graded using the scale: 0=<2.5 centimeters (cm) to 3=Severe: >10 cm. Itching was graded using Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) 4.03 where: Grade 0=no itching to Grade 3=severe. Injection site reactions are presented as the number of participants experiencing a reaction, by reaction type, overall and by severity, using the participant's worst reported severity grade. Only categories for which there was at least 1 participant are reported. Group 3 participants received 2 doses 90 days apart; injection site reactions following either vaccination are combined.

  • Number of Participants With Solicited Participant-Reported Local (Injection Site) Reactions Following Either Vaccine by Maximum Severity [ Time Frame: For 14 days after each vaccination (Up to Day 14 and/or Day 104) ]
    Injection site reactions were recorded by the participant in a memory aid for 14 days following each injection. Participants measured and recorded the longest diameter of redness (erythema) or swelling (edema) using the scale: 0=< 2.5 cm to 3= Severe: > 10 cm. For pain and itching they recorded intensity grade: 0=not present, 1=mild, 2=moderate or 3=severe. Participant-recorded local reactions are presented as number of participants reporting a reaction, by reaction type, overall and by severity, using the participant's worst reported severity grade. Only those score categories for which there was at least 1 participant are reported. Group 3 participants received 2 doses 90 days apart; injection site reactions following either vaccination are combined.

  • Number of Participants With Solicited Participant-Reported Systemic Adverse Events (AEs) Following Either Vaccine by Maximum Severity [ Time Frame: For 14 days after each vaccination (Up to Day 14 and/or Day 104) ]
    Solicited systemic AEs were recorded by the participant into a memory aid for 14 days following each vaccination. Solicited systemic AEs included: headache, muscle pain (myalgia), joint pain (arthralgia), eye pain, sensitivity to light (photophobia), tiredness (fatigue), body rash, nausea and vomiting. Systemic AEs were graded per The FDA Guidance for Industry: Toxicity Grading Scale for Healthy Adult and Adolescent Volunteers Enrolled in Preventive Vaccine Clinical Trial where: Grade 0=none to Grade 4=severe. A systemic AE of fever (defined as ≥ 100.4°F) was derived from a daily temperature reading recorded in the memory aid. Solicited systemic AEs are presented as the number of participants reporting the event, by, AE, overall and by severity, using the participant's worst reported severity grade. Group 3 participants received 2 doses 90 days apart; systemic AEs following either vaccination are combined.

  • Number of Participants With at Least 1 Unsolicited Related Adverse Event Following Either Vaccine Dose [ Time Frame: For 30 days after each vaccination for non-serious AEs and through the end of the study for SAEs (Up to 120 Days) ]
    An Adverse Event (AE) is defined as any untoward medical occurrence in a clinical investigation participant administered a drug; it does not necessarily have to have a causal relationship with this treatment. The investigator assessed whether the AE was related to the study vaccination.

  • Number of Participants With at Least 1 Serious Adverse Event During the Study [ Time Frame: First Vaccination to End of Study (Up to Day 120) ]

    An Adverse Event (AE) is defined as any untoward medical occurrence in a clinical investigation participant administered a drug; it does not necessarily have to have a causal relationship with this treatment.

    A serious adverse event is any experience that suggests a significant hazard, contraindication, side effect or precaution that: results in death, is life-threatening, required in-patient hospitalization or prolongation of existing hospitalization, results in persistent or significant disability/incapacity, is a congenital anomaly/birth defect or is medically significant.


  • Seroconversion Rate to Each of Four Dengue Serotypes [ Time Frame: Approximately 28 to 30 days after each vaccination (Up to Day 30 and/or Day 104) ]
    Seroconversion rate was defined as the percentage of participants with Plaque Reduction Neutralization Test titer resulting in 50 % reduction in Plaques (PRNT50) titer ≥ 10 for participants seronegative at Baseline or a greater than four-fold increase in PRNT50 for participants seropositive at Baseline.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Number of Participants With Detected Viral RNA for Each TDV Component After First and Second Vaccinations [ Time Frame: Days 0, 7, 9, 11, 14, 17, 21, 90, 97 and 104 ]
    Viral RNA was assessed for the four dengue components: Dengue-1 (TDV-1), Dengue-2 (TDV-2), Dengue-3 (TDV-3) and Dengue-4 (TDV-4). Only those time-points where at least 1 participant had Viral RNA detected are reported. Baseline (Day 0) and Day 7 are added for reference. "n" in each of the categories is the number of participants with data available.

  • Geometric Mean Neutralizing Antibody Titers (GMTs) of All Four Dengue Serotypes [ Time Frame: Days 28, 90 and 120 after 1st vaccination ]

Enrollment: 80
Actual Study Start Date: January 22, 2013
Study Completion Date: November 21, 2013
Primary Completion Date: November 1, 2013 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Group 1: TDV SC_2 Doses Day 0
Takeda's Tetravalent Dengue Vaccine Candidate (TDV), 0.5 mL, subcutaneous (SC) injection, one dose in each arm, Day 0 using a needle/syringe.
Biological: TDV
TDV IM or SC injection
Other Name: DENVax
Experimental: Group 2: TDV IM_2 Doses Day 0
TDV, 0.5 mL, intramuscular (IM) injection, one dose in each arm, Day 0 using a needle/syringe.
Biological: TDV
TDV IM or SC injection
Other Name: DENVax
Experimental: Group 3: TDV IM_2 Doses Days 0 and 90
TDV, 0.5 mL, IM injection, one dose on Day 0 and one dose on Day 90 using a needle/syringe.
Biological: TDV
TDV IM or SC injection
Other Name: DENVax
Experimental: Group 4: TDV SC_2 Doses Day 0
TDV, 0.5 mL, SC injection, one dose in each arm, Day 0 using the PharmaJet Stratis™ device.
Biological: TDV
TDV IM or SC injection
Other Name: DENVax
Experimental: Group 5: TDV IM_2 Doses Day 0
TDV, 0.5 mL, IM injection, one dose in each arm, Day 0 using the PharmaJet Stratis™ device.
Biological: TDV
TDV IM or SC injection
Other Name: DENVax

Detailed Description:

The vaccine tested in this study was TDV. TDV was tested to assess safety and immunogenicity of various dosing schedules, routes of administration, and delivery methods in healthy flavivirus-seronegative adults living in a dengue non-endemic country.

The study enrolled 80 participants. Participants were randomly assigned to one of the five treatment groups:

  • Group 1: TDV SC injection on Day 0 in each arm using needle/syringe
  • Group 2: TDV IM injection on Day 0 in each arm using needle/syringe
  • Group3: TDV IM injection on Days 0 and 90 using needle/syringe
  • Group 4: TDV SC on Day 0 in each arm using the PharmaJet Stratis™ device
  • Group 5: TDV IM on Day 0 in each arm using the PharmaJet Stratis™ device

This single-center trial was conducted in the United States. The overall time to participate in this study was up to 5 months. Participants made multiple visits to the clinic including a final visit at Day 120 for a safety follow-up assessment.

This work was supported by the US Army Medical Research and Materiel Command under Contract No. W81XWH-12-C-0278.

The views, opinions and/or findings contained in this report are those of the author(s) and should not be construed as an official Department of the Army position, policy or decision unless so designated by other documentation.

  Eligibility

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 45 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Men and women at least 18 years and ≤ 45 years of age at time of screening.
  2. In good health as determined by medical history and physical examination (including blood pressure and heart rate).
  3. Weight: Body Mass Index (BMI) ≤ 35.
  4. Blood tests negative for antibodies to human immunodeficiency virus-1 (HIV-1), Hepatitis C, and Hepatitis B surface antigen.
  5. Females who are not surgically sterile or post-menopausal must have a negative urine pregnancy test immediately prior to vaccination and be willing to use oral, implantable, transdermal or injectable contraceptives or another reliable means of contraception approved by the Investigator (intrauterine device, female condom, diaphragm with spermicidal foam, cervical cap, use of condom by the sexual partner or a sterile sexual partner, or abstinence) from screening until the blood sample on Day 120.
  6. Willing and able to give written informed consent to participate.
  7. Willing and able to communicate with the Investigator and understand the requirements of the study.
  8. Access to a fixed or mobile telephone.

Exclusion Criteria

  1. Any condition which would limit the participant's ability to complete the study in the opinion of the Investigator.
  2. Any Grade 2 or above abnormality in the screening laboratory tests.
  3. Febrile illness (temperature ≥ 38°C or 100.4°F) or moderate or severe acute illness or infection within three days before vaccination.
  4. History of any significant dermatologic disease in the last 6 months, particularly with a maculopapular or petechial rash. However, if a participant had a self-limited Candida infection that was cured, then the participant can be enrolled if there is no evidence of an infection for at least 3 weeks prior to the date of dosing. If the participant has acne limited to the face, topical medications are allowed except for 2 weeks prior and 4 weeks after each dose. Oral medications for acne are excluded for 1 month prior to the start of dosing.
  5. History of dengue fever, Japanese encephalitis, West Nile, or Yellow Fever disease.
  6. Seropositivity to dengue or West Nile (WN) virus.
  7. History of travel to dengue endemic areas including the Caribbean, Mexico, Central America, South America or Southeast Asia during the month prior to screening, or planned travel to a dengue endemic area during the study period.
  8. Extensive scarring or tattoo (> 50%) on arms, shoulders, neck, face and head that could identify a participant in photos or hinder the evaluation of injection site reactions. In addition, no tattoo on the arms is permitted during the study and for one month after the final injection.
  9. History of recurring headaches or migraines (more frequent than once per week) or on prescription medication for treatment of recurring headaches or migraines.
  10. Hypersensitivity to any vaccine.
  11. Receipt or planned receipt of any vaccine in the 4 weeks preceding or following the Day 0 or 90 injections.
  12. Previous vaccination (in a clinical trial or with an approved product) against yellow fever (YF) or Japanese Encephalitis (JE).
  13. Known or suspected congenital or acquired immunodeficiency or immunosuppressive therapy, such as anti-cancer chemotherapy or radiation therapy, within the preceding 6 months.
  14. Use of systemic corticosteroids therapy within the previous 6 months (at a dose of at least 0.5 mg/kg/day prednisone equivalent). Topical prednisone is not permitted if currently in use or used within the last month. Inhaled prednisone is permitted.
  15. Use of any non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), acetaminophen or antihistamines for the 3 days immediately prior to each vaccination.
  16. History of diabetes mellitus.
  17. History of thymic pathology, thymectomy, myasthenia or any immunodeficiency.
  18. Positive urine screen for cocaine, amphetamines, opiates, or cannabinoids
  19. Known history of alcohol abuse.
  20. Receipt of any other investigational product or participation in any other clinical trial of a product or device within 30 days before the first vaccination (Day 0) or planned participation in any other clinical trial while enrolled in this trial (though Day 120).
  21. Receipt of blood products or immunoglobulins 8 weeks before the first vaccination (Day 0) or planned use during the period of this study (through Day 120).
  22. Planned donation of blood during the period of this study (through Day 120).
  23. Females who are pregnant or lactating.
  Contacts and Locations
Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01728792


Locations
United States, New York
SUNY Upstate Medical University
Syracuse, New York, United States
Sponsors and Collaborators
Takeda
Walter Reed Army Institute of Research (WRAIR)
Investigators
Study Director: Medical Director Clinical Science Takeda
  More Information

Responsible Party: Takeda
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01728792     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: INV-DEN-105
U1111-1181-0251 ( Registry Identifier: WHO )
First Submitted: October 16, 2012
First Posted: November 20, 2012
Results First Submitted: August 30, 2016
Results First Posted: January 4, 2017
Last Update Posted: August 8, 2017
Last Verified: August 2017

Keywords provided by Takeda:
Prophylactic vaccination

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Dengue
Arbovirus Infections
Virus Diseases
Flavivirus Infections
Flaviviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Hemorrhagic Fevers, Viral