Study Evaluating the Safety and Efficacy of Fixed-dose Once-daily Oral Aripiprazole in Children and Adolescents With Tourette's Disorder

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Otsuka Pharmaceutical Development & Commercialization, Inc.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01727700
First received: November 12, 2012
Last updated: February 12, 2015
Last verified: February 2015
  Purpose

The goal of the current trial is to determine efficacy and safety of Once-daily aripiprazole in reducing Total Tic Severity in children and adolescents with Tourette's Disorder.


Condition Intervention Phase
Tourette's Disorder
Tic Disorder
Drug: Aripiprazole
Drug: Placebo
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Multicenter, Randomized, Double-blind, Placebo-controlled Study Evaluating the Safety and Efficacy of Fixed-Dose Once-daily Oral Aripiprazole in Children and Adolescents With Tourette's Disorder

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Otsuka Pharmaceutical Development & Commercialization, Inc.:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Change From Baseline to Week 8 in Yale Global Tic Severity Scale (YGTSS) Total Tic Score (TTS). [ Time Frame: Baseline to Week 8 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The YGTSS is a semi-structured clinical interview designed to measure current (time frame of the past 1 week) tic severity. This scale consists of a tic inventory, with 5 separate rating scales to rate the severity of symptoms, and an impairment ranking. Ratings are made along 5 different dimensions on a scale of 0 to 5 for motor and vocal tics each, including number, frequency, intensity, complexity, and interference. Summation of these 10 scores (ie, 0-50) provides a TTS that was the primary outcome measure in this trial. The YGTSS ranking of impairment score rated on a 50-point scale anchored from 0 (no impairment) to 50 (severe impairment) to assess impairment experienced in areas of self-esteem, family life, social acceptance, and school scores. This is a fully validated scale in adults and has become a standard instrument for the evaluation of the severity of TD in children.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Change in Clinical Global Impressions Scale-Tourette's Syndrome (CGI-TS) Score at Week 8. [ Time Frame: Week 8 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    To assess CGI-TS severity, the rater or physician answered the following question: "Considering your total clinical experience with this particular population, how mentally ill is the patient at this time?" However, the evaluation of illness was limited to manifestations of TD only. Response choices included: 0 = not assessed; 1 = normal, not at all ill; 2 = borderline mentally ill; 3 = mildly ill; 4 = moderately ill; 5 = markedly ill; 6 = severely ill; and 7 = among the most extremely ill patients. The change score was obtained from CGI-TS improvement scale assessment: 0 = not assessed, 1 = very much improved, 2 = much improved, 3 = minimally improved, 4 = no change, 5 = minimally worse, 6 = much worse, and 7 = very much worse.

  • Mean Change From Baseline to Endpoint (Week 8) in Total YGTSS Score [ Time Frame: Baseline to Week 8 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The YGTSS consists of a tic inventory, with 5 separate rating scales to rate the severity of symptoms (on a scale of 0 to 5 for 5 different dimensions, including number, frequency, intensity, complexity, and interference) of motor and vocal tics, and an impairment ranking. The Total YGTSS score is the summation of the severity scores of motor and vocal tics and also the ranking of impairment (range of 0 to 100). A missing value of a YGTSS item scale could result in a missing Total YGTSS score. A reduction in Total YGTSS score from baseline represents an improvement in symptoms.

  • Mean Change From Baseline to Endpoint (Week 8) in CGI-TS Severity Score [ Time Frame: Baseline to Week 8 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The CGI-TS Severity scale (range 0-7) is a single-item rating score, with higher scores representing greater severity or less improvement. A response of 0 (not assessed) is considered and handled as missing data.

  • Response Rate [ Time Frame: Week 8 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Clinical response is defined as > 25% improvement from baseline to Week 8 in YGTSS TTS or a CGI-TS Change score of 1 [very much improved] or 2 [much improved] at Week 8. Response will be considered as missing only if both YGTSS TTS and CGI-TS change score are missing. As long as one of them is non-missing, response outcome will be determined based on the non-missing score.

  • Treatment Discontinuation Rate [ Time Frame: Week 8 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Treatment discontinuation rate will be calculated as the number of discontinued participants (ie, those who were withdrawn from the trial without completing the Week 8 visit) over the number of all randomized participants.


Enrollment: 133
Study Start Date: November 2012
Study Completion Date: September 2013
Primary Completion Date: August 2013 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Placebo Comparator: Placebo
Matching Placebo Once-Daily
Drug: Placebo
Experimental: Aripiprazole 5 mg or 10 mg
Aripiprazole 5 mg or 10 mg Immediate Release Once-Daily
Drug: Aripiprazole
Once-daily, tablet
Other Name: Abilify
Experimental: Aripiprazole 10 mg or 20 mg
Aripiprazole 10 mg 20 mg Immediate Release Once-Daily
Drug: Aripiprazole
Once-daily, tablet
Other Name: Abilify

Detailed Description:

Tourette's Disorder is a neuropsychiatric condition that is characterized by the appearance of tics that can be simple or complex in nature. A tic is a sudden, rapid, recurrent, non-rhythmic, stereotyped motor movement or vocalization. There are a very limited number of medications approved for the treatment of Tourette's Disorder. The goal of the current trial is to obtain efficacy, safety, and tolerability data in a controlled condition of a Once-daily aripiprazole formulation in children and adolescents with Tourette's Disorder. The trial has an 8-week long double-blind treatment period after a pretreatment (screening/washout phase), and the subjects will be followed up for 1 month after the last treatment. The Once-daily tablet formulation that will be evaluated in this trial represents a daily dosage regimen that is intended to be administered to children and adolescents.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   7 Years to 17 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • male or female, 7 to 17 year old (inclusive) at the time of signing consent
  • meets DSM-IV-TR diagnostic criteria for Tourette's Disorder
  • Presenting tic symptoms cause impairment in the subject's normal routines, which include academic achievement, occupational functioning, social activities, and/or relationships
  • Females of childbearing potential must have a negative pregnancy test, must be practicing acceptable double-barrier methods of contraception and must not be pregnant or lactating
  • Written informed consent obtained from a legally acceptable representative & informed assent at Screening as applicable by trial center's IRB/IEC
  • The subject, designated guardian(s) or caregiver(s) are able to comprehend and satisfactorily comply with the protocol requirements, as evaluated by the investigator

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Clinical presentation and/or history, consistent with another neurologic condition that may have accompanying abnormal movements
  • History of schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, or other psychotic disorder
  • Subject receiving psychostimulants for treatment of ADD/ADHD and who have developed and/or had exacerbations of tic disorder after initiation of stimulant treatment
  • Currently meets DSM-IV-TR criteria for a primary mood disorder
  • Severe Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD)
  • Taken aripiprazole within 30 days of the Screening visit
  • Received any investigational agent in a clinical trial within 30 days prior to Screening, enrolled in studies 31-12-272, 31-12-273, 31-12-274; or who were randomized into a clinical trial with Once-daily aripiprazole at any time
  • History of neuroleptic malignant syndrome
  • Sexually active patients not using 2 approved methods of contraception
  • Females breastfeeding or pregnant (positive blood pregnancy test prior to receiving trial drug)
  • Risk of committing suicide
  • Body weight lower than 16 kg
  • Taken neuroleptic or antiparkinson drugs < 14 days prior to randomization
  • Requiring cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) for Tourette's during trial
  • Subject meets DSM-IV-TR criteria for any significant psychoactive substance use disorder within the past 3 months
  • Positive drug screen
  • Subject requires medications not allowed per protocol
  • Use of CYP2D6 and CYP3A4 inhibitors or CYP3A4 inducers within 14 days prior to dosing and for duration of trial
  • Use of herbal medications of any kind and nutritional or dietary supplements for Tourette's disorder within 7 days prior to dosing and for the duration of the trial
  • Inability to swallow tablets or tolerate oral medication
  • Abnormal laboratory test results, vital signs and ECG results
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01727700

  Show 75 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Otsuka Pharmaceutical Development & Commercialization, Inc.
Investigators
Study Director: Eva Kohegyi, MD Otsuka Pharmaceutical Development & Commercialization, Inc.
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: Otsuka Pharmaceutical Development & Commercialization, Inc.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01727700     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 31-12-293
Study First Received: November 12, 2012
Results First Received: January 9, 2015
Last Updated: February 12, 2015
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration
Canada: Health Canada
Germany: Federal Institute for Drugs and Medical Devices
Hungary: National Institute of Pharmacy
Italy: Ministry of Health
Sweden: Medical Products Agency
Spain: Spanish Agency of Medicines
Mexico: Ministry of Health

Keywords provided by Otsuka Pharmaceutical Development & Commercialization, Inc.:
Tourette Syndrome
Basal Ganglia Diseases
Brain Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Tic Disorders
Tics
Movement Disorders
Mental Disorders
Aripiprazole

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Disease
Tic Disorders
Tourette Syndrome
Basal Ganglia Diseases
Brain Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Genetic Diseases, Inborn
Heredodegenerative Disorders, Nervous System
Mental Disorders
Mental Disorders Diagnosed in Childhood
Movement Disorders
Nervous System Diseases
Neurodegenerative Diseases
Pathologic Processes
Aripiprazole
Antipsychotic Agents
Central Nervous System Agents
Central Nervous System Depressants
Pharmacologic Actions
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Psychotropic Drugs
Therapeutic Uses
Tranquilizing Agents

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on July 29, 2015