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Trial record 41 of 222 for:    "Hepatitis B" | "Tenofovir"

A Study to Compare Efficacy and Safety of Tenofovir Used Alone or in Combination With Pegylated Interferon Alpha-2b in Participants With Chronic Hepatitis B and Elevated Alanine Aminotransferase (MK-4031-384)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01727271
Recruitment Status : Withdrawn
First Posted : November 15, 2012
Last Update Posted : September 19, 2013
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.

Brief Summary:
This study will compare monotherapy with tenofovir to sequential therapy with pegylated interferon alpha-2b (pegIFN-2b) followed by tenofovir, and to combination therapy with pegIFN-2b + tenofovir, in participants with hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg)-positive chronic hepatitis B and elevated alanine aminotransferase (ALT). All enrolled participants will be be administered tenofovir alone for 8 weeks and then will be randomly assigned to 1 of the 3 treatment arms.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Hepatitis B Drug: Tenofovir Biological: Pegylated interferon alpha-2b Phase 4

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 0 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: An Open-Label, Pilot, Randomized, Multi-Center Study to Compare Efficacy and Safety of Tenofovir Monotherapy Alone With Tenofovir Monotherapy Followed by Concurrent Combination of Pegylated Interferon-Alpha-2b and Tenofovir or Tenofovir Monotherapy Followed by Sequential Therapy of Pegylated Interferon-Alpha-2b and Tenofovir in HBeAG-Positive Chronic Hepatitis B Patients With Raised ALT.
Study Start Date : August 2013
Estimated Primary Completion Date : August 2017
Estimated Study Completion Date : August 2017

Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: Tenofovir Monotherapy
Tenofovir 300 mg tablet, orally (PO) once daily for 8 weeks, then Tenofovir 300 mg tablet, PO, once daily for an additional 96 weeks (total treatment duration 104 weeks)
Drug: Tenofovir
Other Name: Truvada

Experimental: PegIFN-2b/Tenofovir Sequential Therapy
Tenofovir 300 mg tablet, PO, once daily for 8 weeks, then PegIFN-2b, 1.5 mcg/kg subcutaneously (SC), once weekly, for 24 weeks, then Tenofovir 300 mg tablet, PO, once daily for 72 weeks (total treatment duration 104 weeks)
Drug: Tenofovir
Other Name: Truvada

Biological: Pegylated interferon alpha-2b
Other Names:
  • SCH 054031
  • MK-4031

Experimental: Peg-IFN-2b + Tenofovir Combination Therapy
Tenofovir 300 mg tablet, PO once daily for 8 weeks, then pegIFN-2b, 1.5 mcg/kg SC once weekly and tenofovir 300 mg tablet, PO, once daily for 24 weeks, and then tenofovir 300 mg tablet, PO, once daily for 72 weeks (total treatment duration 104 weeks)
Drug: Tenofovir
Other Name: Truvada

Biological: Pegylated interferon alpha-2b
Other Names:
  • SCH 054031
  • MK-4031

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Number of participants who responded to treatment [ Time Frame: Week 128 ]
  2. Number of participants experiencing adverse events (AEs) [ Time Frame: Up to 128 weeks ]
  3. Number of participants discontinuing study therapy due to AEs [ Time Frame: Up to 104 weeks ]

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Chronic hepatitis B (hepatitis B surface antigen [HBsAg]-positive for >6 months or evidence of chronic hepatitis B in liver biopsy)
  • Elevated serum ALT level
  • Liver biopsy or a non-invasive investigation within 12 months prior to randomization with Chronic Hepatitis B
  • Treatment naïve or history of interferon for not more than 1 month, taken at least 6 months before enrollment
  • Compensated liver disease

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Known hypersensitivity to tenofovir, interferon alpha-2b, and/or any other component of the study products
  • Co-infection with hepatitis C virus (HCV), hepatitis D virus (HDV) or human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
  • Need for prolonged or frequent use of systemic acyclovir or famciclovir
  • Previously received lamivudine or an investigational anti-hepatitis B virus (HBV) nucleoside or nucleotide analog and were resistant to these drugs
  • History of variceal bleeding or other GI bleeding due to portal hypertension, hepatic encephalopathy, spontaneous bacterial peritonitis, Grade III and IV esophageal varices unless banded or other clinical signs of hepatic decompensation
  • History of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) or findings suggestive of possible HCC
  • Need for potentially hepatotoxic drugs (e.g. dapsone, erythromycin, fluconazole, ketoconazole, rifampin, and anti-tuberculosis regimens) or nephrotoxic drugs (e.g. frequent nonsteroidal anti-inflammatories, aminoglycosides, amphotericin B, and foscarnet)
  • One or more additional known primary or secondary causes of liver disease, other than hepatitis B
  • History of clinical pancreatitis
  • Pregnant or breastfeeding
  • Female participants of childbearing potential and male participants must be willing to use acceptable method of birth control.
  • Medical condition that requires frequent or prolonged use of systemic corticosteroids
  • Use of warfarin or other anticoagulants during 30 days prior to screening or if expected to be needed during the study period

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Responsible Party: Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp. Identifier: NCT01727271     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 4031-384
First Posted: November 15, 2012    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: September 19, 2013
Last Verified: September 2013
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Hepatitis B
Hepatitis B, Chronic
Hepatitis A
Liver Diseases
Digestive System Diseases
Hepatitis, Viral, Human
Virus Diseases
Enterovirus Infections
Picornaviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Hepadnaviridae Infections
DNA Virus Infections
Hepatitis, Chronic
Interferon alpha-2
Peginterferon alfa-2b
Antineoplastic Agents
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors
Nucleic Acid Synthesis Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Anti-Retroviral Agents
Anti-HIV Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs