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Pilot Study of Tocilizumab in Patients With Erdheim-Chester Disease

This study has been terminated.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Lorenzo Dagna, Ospedale San Raffaele Identifier:
First received: November 12, 2012
Last updated: February 9, 2016
Last verified: February 2016

The study we propose is a pilot phase II, interventional, treatment, open-label, single-arm, efficacy/safety clinical trial of a 6-month treatment with tocilizumab (8 mg/kg once monthly) in adult patients with extraskeletal Erdheim-Chester disease (ECD). Efficacy will be assessed as the effect of the treatment on the size of the measurable lesions, as evaluated by bidimensional measurements, and by the impact of the treatment on symptom control and on patient quality of life. Safety of the treatment will be determined by the analysis of adverse events and of the relevant safety laboratory parameters.

Secondary objectives of the study will be:

  1. to better characterize the mechanisms underlying such disease and the possible response to the treatment. In particular: i) we will investigate the immunophenotypic and histomorphologic features of ECD histiocytes; ii) we will gather gene expression data from peripheral blood immune cells to better characterize their functional status, to define their transcriptional fingerprints and their possible modulation as a result of tocilizumab treatment; iii) we will assess the production of soluble mediators and the expression of activation molecules by monocytes derived from ECD patients, as well as after stimulation with selected inflammatory cytokines; iv) we will investigate the ex vivo and in vitro impact of tocilizumab treatment on those markers, for possible use as a predictor or indicator of response to treatment.
  2. to investigate the metabolic pattern in ECD patients before and after tocilizumab treatment as evaluated by fluoro-d-glucose positron emission tomography (FDG-PET) and to verify if it can be an indicator of ECD activity.

Condition Intervention Phase
Erdheim-Chester Disease
Drug: Tocilizumab
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Open-label, Single-arm, Phase II, Prospective, Pilot Study of Tocilizumab in Patients With Erdheim-Chester Disease

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Ospedale San Raffaele:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Reduction in the dimensions of measurable lesions according to the Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) criteria [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
  • Functional improvement in measurable indexes [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
    Improvement in renal, hypophyseal, and respiratory function or of bone turnover, when altered at baseline

  • Variations of patient quality of life [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
    As evaluated by standard questionnaires (HAQ, Short Form (SF)-36)

  • Analysis of the adverse events and of the relevant safety laboratory parameters [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
    Monitoring of adverse events, variations in biochemical and hematological tests (full blood count, liver and renal function tests, lipid profile)

  • Variations in disease activity as evaluated by FDG-PET imaging [ Time Frame: 0, 2 and 6 months ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Evaluation of soluble factors, receptors and activation molecules involved the accumulation, activation and entrapment of histiocytes possibly associated to a response to the experimental treatment [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
    • the levels of circulating cytokines and chemokines before, during and after tocilizumab treatment;
    • the immunophenotype and the transcriptional fingerprints of circulating immune cells from ECD patients and their possible modulation as a result of tocilizumab treatment;
    • the pathways involved in the production of interleukin (IL)-6 and IL-6-induced cytokines and chemokines by mononuclear cells obtained from ECD patients;
    • the interference of tocilizumab in vitro on monocyte activation and ex vivo from treated patients, also to evaluate its effect on the profile of circulating cytokines and on the secretory potential of patient-derived monocytes

Enrollment: 3
Study Start Date: November 2012
Study Completion Date: December 2015
Primary Completion Date: February 2015 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Tocilizumab
Tocilizumab 8 mg/kg intravenously every month for six months
Drug: Tocilizumab
Other Names:
  • Ro-Actemra
  • Actemra


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • patients >= 18 years of age able to understand and sign an informed consent;
  • histologically proven diagnosis of Erdheim-Chester disease ;
  • an advanced disease not limited to the skeleton, with at least one measurable lesion;
  • if females of childbearing potential, a negative pregnancy test and willingness to adhere to a highly effective contraceptive method of birth control for the duration of the study;

Exclusion Criteria:

  • history of hypersensitivity to tocilizumab or to any of the excipients;

    - severe infections requiring hospitalization or antibiotic therapy in the 30 days before the enrollment in the study;

  • active tuberculosis, listeriosis, histoplasmosis, sepsis, abscesses, opportunistic infections; active hepatitis B or C virus infection;
  • past history of tuberculosis (as documented by a positive purified protein derivative (PPD) skin test and/or a positive Quantiferon test and/or a chest X- ray), in the absence of a documented and appropriate administration of a specific treatment for latent tuberculosis;
  • history of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection;
  • past history (< 5 years before enrollment) of a lymphoproliferative disorder or of a solid cancer (excluding cured basal cell or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin);
  • moderate or severe heart failure (NYHA class III/IV), uncontrolled diabetes mellitus or other diseases that -according to the physician in charge of the protocol- may be of harm to the patient, if he/she would enroll in the study;
  • history of alcohol and/or drug abuse;
  • prior treatment with alkylating drugs (chlorambucil, cyclophosphamide);
  • serum creatinine > 1.6 mg/dL in female patients or > 1.9 mg/dL in male patients, aspartate aminotransferase and/or alanine aminotransferase > 3 x upper limit of normal ; platelet < 100.000/fL; hemoglobin < 8.5 g/dL; white blood cell count < 1000/fL; lymphocyte < 500/fL; total bilirubin > 2.0 mg/dL
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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT01727206

San Raffaele Hospital
Milano, Italy, 20132
Sponsors and Collaborators
Ospedale San Raffaele
Principal Investigator: Lorenzo Dagna, MD San Raffaele Scientific Institute
  More Information

Responsible Party: Lorenzo Dagna, Professor, Ospedale San Raffaele Identifier: NCT01727206     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: ECD-TCZ-01
2012-003151-11 ( EudraCT Number )
GR-2009-1594586 ( Other Grant/Funding Number: Italian Ministry of Health )
Study First Received: November 12, 2012
Last Updated: February 9, 2016

Keywords provided by Ospedale San Raffaele:
Erdheim-Chester disease
Phase II

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Erdheim-Chester Disease
Histiocytosis, Non-Langerhans-Cell
Lymphatic Diseases processed this record on April 24, 2017