CO as a Stimulant for Mitochondrial Biogenesis in Human Cardiac Muscle
This study will test if inhalation of Carbon Monoxide (CO) will increase the numbers of mitochondria in heart muscle. Mitochondria are the small components of muscle and other cells that convert fuel and oxygen to the easily usable forms of energy (ATP) that power all cell's activities. Adequate numbers of healthy mitochondria are essential to heart cell function. From animal and other studies we have reason to believe that breathing small amounts of CO will signal the body to increase the numbers of mitochondria in heart cells. We propose to test this theory in heart valve surgery patients by examining a small sample of heart tissue (from the right atrial appendage) that is routinely cut out during the preparation of the patient for cardio-pulmonary bypass and that would otherwise be discarded by the surgeon. Muscle samples from two groups of subjects will be compared. One group will breath CO and the other group will breath room air. If CO is effective, we should notice an increase in the numbers of mitochondria in the group that was exposed to CO compared to the group that breathed room air.
Drug: 200ppm CO for one hour
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Basic Science
|Official Title:||Effects of Low Level Carbon Monoxide Preconditioning on Human Mitochondrial Biogenesis in Aortic Valve Surgery Patients|
- Biochemical markers for mitochondrial biogenesis (blood and right atrial tissue) [ Time Frame: 2 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Right atrial biochemical markers will be measured one time only, intra-operatively. Blood Biochemical markers will be measured before CO exposure and at intervals up to one week post-operatively
- Compare blood to right atrial tissue biochemical markers of mitochondrial biogenesis [ Time Frame: on week ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Biochemical markers in both right atrial tissue and blood will be measured and compared to see if the more easily obtained blood markers accurately describe changes expected in the heart.
|Study Start Date:||February 2014|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||December 2016|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date:||January 2016 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Placebo Comparator: Control Group
This group will breath room air for one hour prior to surgery.
Experimental: CO group
This group will breath 200 ppm of CO for one hour the day prior to surgery.
Drug: 200ppm CO for one hour
This is the study intervention. The treatment group will breath 200 ppm of CO for one hour on the day prior to surgery.
Other Name: CO exposure
PURPOSE AND OBJECTIVE: Endogenously produced carbon monoxide (CO) is known to act as a physiologic signaling molecule to induce mitochondrial biogenesis. This study will test if low-level CO preconditioning induces myocardial biogenesis in humans and if clinical benefit is derived from it. STUDY ACTIVITIES AND POPULATION: The study is an interventional, prospective, randomized, double-blinded trial with a 2-week follow up period. Forty subjects will be recruited from the population of patients scheduled to undergo elective aortic valve replacement. For safety purposes patients with coronary disease will be excluded. Subjects meeting the inclusion criteria will be randomized to receive either air or air containing CO @ 200ppm as a one-hour inhalational treatment per day over the course of the three days immediately prior to their scheduled operation. Biochemical markers for mitochondrial biogenesis (blood and right atrial tissue) and clinical outcome parameters ( BUN/creatinine, and left ventricular function measured by 2D echo) will be measured in all patients pre and post-operatively. Right atrial tissue samples will be collected from tissue that is routinely excised during placement of venous cannulas for cardiopulmonary bypass. RISK/SAFETY & DATA ANALYSIS: Risks will be those of CO inhalation and blood drawing. The 200ppm dose chosen is within OSHA work place exposure limits and has been used safely in human subjects previously. Data will be analyzed by comparing biogenetic marker levels and clinical parameters pre and post intervention and control to CO treatment group.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01727167
|Contact: John J Freiberger, MD, MPHfirstname.lastname@example.org|
|United States, North Carolina|
|Durham, North Carolina, United States, 27710|
|Contact: John J Freiberger, MD, MPH 919-684-6726 email@example.com|
|Principal Investigator: John J Freiberger, MD, MPH|