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Open-label Phase 3 BTK Inhibitor Ibrutinib vs Chlorambucil Patients 65 Years or Older With Treatment-naive CLL or SLL

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Janssen Research & Development, LLC
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Pharmacyclics LLC.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01722487
First received: October 29, 2012
Last updated: April 3, 2017
Last verified: April 2017
  Purpose
A Randomized, Multicenter, Open-label, Phase 3 Study of the Bruton's Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitor PCI-32765 versus Chlorambucil in Patients 65 Years or Older with Treatment-naive Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia or Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma.

Condition Intervention Phase
Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma Drug: Ibrutinib Drug: Chlorambucil Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Randomized, Multicenter, Open-label, Phase 3 Study of the Bruton's Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitor Ibrutinib Versus Chlorambucil in Patients 65 Years or Older With Treatment-naive Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia or Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Pharmacyclics LLC.:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • PFS (Progression Free Survival) [ Time Frame: Analysis was conducted when 15 months had elapsed after the last subject was randomized with the cutoff date of 4 May 2015. The median follow-up time is 18 month. ]

    The primary objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of Ibrutinib compared with Chlorambucil based on the independent review committee (IRC) assessment of PFS

    Progressive disease according to 2008 IWCLL guidelines was defined as:

    • Group A

      • Lymphadenopathy, increase ≥50%
      • Hepatomegaly, increase ≥50%
      • Splenomegaly, increase ≥50%
      • Blood lymphocytes, increase ≥ 50% over baseline
    • Group B

      • Platelets counts, decrease of ≥ 50% from baseline secondary to CLL
      • Hemoglobin, decrease of > 2 g/dL from baseline secondary to CLL


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Overall Survival (OS) [ Time Frame: Analysis was conducted when 15 months had elapsed after the last subject was randomized with the cutoff date of 4 May 2015. The median follow-up time is 18 month. ]
    OS is calculated for all randomized subjects as the duration of time from the date of randomization to the date of death due to any cause or the date last known alive for subjects who were not known to have died at study closure.

  • ORR (Overall Response Rate) [ Time Frame: Analysis was conducted when 15 months had elapsed after the last subject was randomized with the cutoff date of 4 May 2015. The median follow-up time is 18 month. ]
    ORR is defined as the proportion of subjects who achieved complete response (CR), complete response with incomplete marrow recovery (CRi), nodule partial response (nPR) or PR per IRC assessment. Response criteria are as outlined in the International Workshop on CLL (iwCLL) 2008 criteria with the 2012 iwCLL modification stating that treatment-related lymphocytosis in the setting of improvement in other parameters was not considered as PD and the 2013 iwCLL clarification of criteria for a partial response to therapy.

  • Proportion of Sustained Hemoglobin Improvement [ Time Frame: Analysis was conducted when 15 months had elapsed after the last subject was randomized with the cutoff date of 4 May 2015. The median follow-up time is 18 month. ]
    The proportion of subjects who achieved Hemoglobin >11 g/dL or increase ≥ 2 g/dL over baseline and persisted continuously for ≥56 days (8 weeks) without blood transfusion or growth factors.

  • Proportion of Sustained Hemoglobin Improvement in Subjects With Baseline Anemia [ Time Frame: Analysis was conducted when 15 months had elapsed after the last subject was randomized with the cutoff date of 4 May 2015. The median follow-up time is 18 month. ]
    In randomized subjects with baseline hemoglobin ≤ 11 g/dL, the proportion of subjects who achieved Hemoglobin >11 g/dL or increase ≥ 2 g/dL over baseline persisted continuously for ≥56 days (8 weeks) without blood transfusion or growth factors.

  • Proportion of Sustained Platelet Improvement [ Time Frame: Analysis was conducted when 15 months had elapsed after the last subject was randomized with the cutoff date of 4 May 2015. The median follow-up time is 18 month. ]
    The proportion of subjects who achieved platelet >100 x 10^9/L or increase ≥50% over baseline and persisted continuously for ≥56 days (8 weeks) without blood transfusion or growth factors.

  • Proportion of Sustained Platelet Improvement in Subjects With Baseline Thrombocytopenia [ Time Frame: Analysis was conducted when 15 months had elapsed after the last subject was randomized with cutoff date of 4 May 2015. The median follow-up time is 18 month. ]
    In randomized subjects with baseline platelet ≤ 100 x 10^9/L, the proportion of subjects who achieved platelet >100 x 10^9/L or increase ≥50% over baseline persisted continuously for ≥56 days (8 wee without blood transfusion or growth factors.


Enrollment: 269
Study Start Date: March 2013
Study Completion Date: May 2015
Primary Completion Date: May 2015 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Ibrutinib
Ibrutinib will be supplied as hard gelatin 140-mg capsules for oral (PO) administration. Ibrutinib 420 mg (3 x 140-mg capsules) is administered orally once daily. The first dose will be delivered in the clinic on Day 1, after which subsequent dosing is typically on an outpatient basis. Ibrutinib will be dispensed to patients in bottles at each visit.
Drug: Ibrutinib
Ibrutinib will be supplied as hard gelatin 140-mg capsules for oral (PO) administration. Ibrutinib 420 mg (3 x 140-mg capsules) is administered orally once daily. The first dose will be delivered in the clinic on Day 1, after which subsequent dosing is typically on an outpatient basis. Ibrutinib will be dispensed to patients in bottles at each visit.
Active Comparator: Chlorambucil
Chlorambucil will be supplied as 2-mg tablets for PO administration. Chlorambucil is administered orally on Days 1 and 15 of each 28-day cycle.The starting dosage (Cycle 1) is 0.5 mg/kg. If well tolerated, the Chlorambucil dose can be increased starting at Cycle 2, with increments of 0.1 mg/kg on Day 1 of each cycle to a maximum of 0.8 mg/kg.
Drug: Chlorambucil
Chlorambucil will be supplied as 2-mg tablets for PO administration. Chlorambucil is administered orally on Days 1 and 15 of each 28-day cycle. The starting dosage (Cycle 1) is 0.5 mg/kg. If well tolerated, the Chlorambucil dose can be increased starting at Cycle 2, with increments of 0.1 mg/kg on Day 1 of each cycle to a maximum of 0.8 mg/kg.

Detailed Description:

Study design: This is a randomized, multicenter, open-label, Phase 3 study designed to compare the safety and efficacy of Ibrutinib versus Chlorambucil in treatment-naive patients 65 years or older who have CLL or SLL.

Eligible patients will be randomized in a 1:1 ratio to Treatment Arm A or B:

  • Treatment Arm A: Oral Chlorambucil 0.5 mg/kg on Days 1 and 15 of each 28-day cycle; the dose can be increased, if well tolerated, in increments of 0.1 mg/kg on Day 1 of each cycle to a maximum of 0.8 mg/kg; patients receive a minimum of 3 and a maximum of 12 cycles, in the absence of progressive disease or unacceptable toxicity.
  • Treatment Arm B: Oral Ibrutinib 420 mg/day Randomization will be stratified on Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status (0,1 versus 2); presence of advanced Rai stage (yes/no), advanced being defined as Stages 3-4; and geographic region: US versus non-US.
  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   65 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Males or females of 65 years of age or greater. Patients between the ages of 65 and 70 years of age must have 1 or more of the following comorbidities that may preclude the use of frontline chemo-immunotherapy with fludarabine, cyclophosphamide, or rituximab:

    • creatinine clearance < 70 mL/min using the Cockcroft-Gault equation
    • platelet count < 100,000/μL or hemoglobin < 10 g/dL
    • clinically apparent autoimmune cytopenia (autoimmune hemolytic anemia or immune thrombocytopenia)
    • ECOG performance score = 1 or 2
  2. Diagnosis of CLL/SLL that meets IWCLL diagnostic criteria (Hallek 2008)
  3. Active disease meeting at least 1 of the following IWCLL criteria (Hallek 2008) for requiring treatment:

    • Evidence of progressive marrow failure as manifested by the development of, or worsening of, anemia and/or thrombocytopenia Massive, progressive, or symptomatic splenomegaly
    • Massive nodes or progressive or symptomatic lymphadenopathy
    • Progressive lymphocytosis
    • Autoimmune hemolytic anemia and/or immune thrombocytopenia that is poorly responsive to corticosteroids or standard therapy
    • Constitutional symptoms
  4. Measurable nodal disease by computed tomography (CT)
  5. ECOG performance status of 0-2
  6. Life expectancy > 4 months from randomization
  7. Adequate hematologic function, defined as absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥ 1,000/μL (independent of growth factor support for at least 7 days prior to screening) and platelet count ≥ 50,000/μL (independent of transfusion and growth factor support for at least 7 days prior to screening)
  8. Adequate hepatic function, defined as serum aspartate transaminase (AST) and alanine transaminase (ALT) < 2.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN), and total bilirubin ≤ 1.5 x ULN
  9. Adequate renal function, defined as estimated creatinine clearance ≥ 30 mL/min using the Cockcroft-Gault equation
  10. Willingness to receive all outpatient treatment, all laboratory monitoring, and all radiological evaluations at the institution that administers study drug for the entire study
  11. Willingness of male patients, if sexually active with a female of childbearing potential, to use an effective barrier method of contraception during the study and for 3 months following the last dose of study drug
  12. Ability to provide written informed consent and to understand and comply with the requirements of the study

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Known involvement of the central nervous system by lymphoma or leukemia
  2. History or current evidence of Richter's transformation or prolymphocytic leukemia
  3. Documentation of deletion of the short arm of chromosome 17: del(17p13.1) in more than 20% of cells examined on any pretreatment fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) or cytogenetic evaluation
  4. Uncontrolled autoimmune hemolytic anemia or idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura
  5. Any previous treatment (chemotherapy, radiotherapy, and/or monoclonal antibodies) intended specifically to treat CLL/SLL
  6. Received any immunotherapy, vaccine, or investigational drug within 4 weeks prior to randomization
  7. Corticosteroid use within 1 week prior to first dose of study drug, with the exception of inhaled, topical, or other local administrations. Patients requiring systemic steroids at daily doses > 20 mg prednisone (or corticosteroid equivalent, see Appendix N), or those who are administered steroids for leukemia control or white blood cell (WBC)-count-lowering are excluded.
  8. Major surgery within 4 weeks prior to randomization
  9. History of prior malignancy, with the exception of the following:

    • malignancy treated with curative intent and with no evidence of active disease present for more than 3 years prior to screening and felt to be at low risk for recurrence by treating physician
    • adequately treated nonmelanomatous skin cancer or lentigo maligna melanoma without current evidence of disease
    • adequately treated cervical carcinoma in situ without current evidence of disease
  10. Currently active, clinically significant cardiovascular disease or a history of myocardial infarction within 6 months prior to randomization
  11. Inability to swallow capsules or tablets, or disease significantly affecting gastrointestinal function
  12. Uncontrolled active systemic fungal, bacterial, viral, or other infection or requirement for intravenous (IV) antibiotics
  13. Known history of infection with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
  14. Serologic status reflecting active hepatitis B or C infection
  15. History of stroke or intracranial hemorrhage within 6 months prior to enrollment
  16. Current life-threatening illness, medical condition, or organ-system dysfunction that could compromise patient safety or put the study at risk
  17. Requirement for anticoagulation with warfarin
  18. Requirement for treatment with a strong CYP3A4/5 and/or CYP2D6 inhibitor
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01722487

  Show 108 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Pharmacyclics LLC.
Janssen Research & Development, LLC
Investigators
Study Director: Lori Styles, MD Pharmacyclics LLC.
  More Information

Additional Information:
Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: Pharmacyclics LLC.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01722487     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: PCYC-1115-CA
2012-003967-23 ( EudraCT Number )
Study First Received: October 29, 2012
Results First Received: March 31, 2016
Last Updated: April 3, 2017
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No
Plan Description: We share this information with FDA and other authorities for the purposes of analyzing the study but not with other researchers

Keywords provided by Pharmacyclics LLC.:
CLL, SLL

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Lymphoma
Leukemia
Leukemia, Lymphoid
Leukemia, Lymphocytic, Chronic, B-Cell
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Lymphatic Diseases
Immunoproliferative Disorders
Immune System Diseases
Leukemia, B-Cell
Chlorambucil
Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating
Alkylating Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on September 21, 2017