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Comparison of Contrast Enhanced Mammography to Breast MRI in Screening Patients at Increased Risk for Breast Cancer

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01716247
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : October 29, 2012
Last Update Posted : June 19, 2018
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to determine if Contrast Enhanced Spectral Mammography (CESM) will be able to detect smaller/earlier breast cancers as well as breast MRI can.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Women at Increased Risk for Developing Breast Carcinoma Other: Mammography (CESM) and MRI Not Applicable

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 1000 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Single (Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Diagnostic
Official Title: Comparison of Contrast Enhanced Mammography to Breast MRI in Screening Patients at Increased Risk for Breast Cancer
Study Start Date : October 2012
Actual Primary Completion Date : June 2018
Actual Study Completion Date : June 2018

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: pts at risk for breast cancer
Women at increased risk for breast cancer who are being referred for screening MRI will be offered and consented for CESM at the same time. The 2 examinations will be performed on the same day when at all possible and if not we will make every attempt to perform CESM before MRI. Patients with outside MRI performed within 30 days and of adequate quality will also be eligible for CESM.
Other: Mammography (CESM) and MRI
The study consists of the addition of a single contrast enhanced digital mammography examination (CESM) to the routine screening of a woman at increased risk for breast cancer who is also having a breast MRI. Breast MRIs will be read by the radiologist reading breast MRIs on any given day. CESM is a dedicated system, derived from a standard digital mammography unit modified to deliver the dual or multiple energy exposures and visualization of combined images after IV contrast administration. If the patient is having her routine mammogram within 30 days of her MRI, CESM can replace that mammogram Patients will be randomly assigned to one of the radiologists trained to interpret CESM. That radiologist will read the CESM blinded to the results of the breast MRI.This process will be monitored by the research assistant No radiologist will read both the breast MRI and CESM on the same patient.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. compare the sensitivity and specificity CESM [ Time Frame: 1 year ]
    CESM to that of breast MRI in a population of women who are being screened because they are at increased risk for developing breast cancer. For this purpose a positive CESM test will be defined as a score of 4 or 5. We will use the existing MRI BIRADS system to score CESM images based on the characteristics of individual lesions and increased enhancement compared to the background. A positive MRI test will be defined by a BIRADs score of 4 or 5.



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Ages Eligible for Study:   21 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Women considered at increased risk for developing breast carcinoma (those with a lifetime risk of >15%due to family history, genetic predisposition, prior radiation therapy to the chest, prior biopsy showing a high risk lesion, or personal history of breast cancer) that are being screened with breast MRI.
  • Women who have a screening digital mammogram on the day of CESM or within 365 days prior

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Women under 21.
  • Pregnant or possibly pregnant.
  • Women who have a contraindication to the intravenous use of iodinated - contrast agent (i.e., allergy to iodinated contrastor severely impaired renal function with a creatinine level > or = to 1.3).
  • Women with breast implants.
  • Women with pacemakers.
  • Women with aneurysm clips that don't allow for MRI.
  • Women too claustrophobic to undergo MRI.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01716247


Locations
United States, New York
Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center
New York, New York, United States, 10065
Sponsors and Collaborators
Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Maxine Jochelson, MD Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center

Additional Information:
Responsible Party: Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01716247     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 12-214
First Posted: October 29, 2012    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: June 19, 2018
Last Verified: June 2018

Keywords provided by Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center:
Mammography (CESM)
MRI
Breast screening
12-214

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Breast Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Breast Diseases
Skin Diseases