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Comparison of Contrast Enhanced Mammography to Breast MRI in Screening Patients at Increased Risk for Breast Cancer

This study is ongoing, but not recruiting participants.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center Identifier:
First received: October 25, 2012
Last updated: July 25, 2016
Last verified: July 2016
The purpose of this study is to determine if Contrast Enhanced Spectral Mammography (CESM) will be able to detect smaller/earlier breast cancers as well as breast MRI can.

Condition Intervention
Women at Increased Risk for Developing Breast Carcinoma
Other: Mammography (CESM) and MRI

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Single Blind (Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Diagnostic
Official Title: Comparison of Contrast Enhanced Mammography to Breast MRI in Screening Patients at Increased Risk for Breast Cancer

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • compare the sensitivity and specificity CESM [ Time Frame: 1 year ]
    CESM to that of breast MRI in a population of women who are being screened because they are at increased risk for developing breast cancer. For this purpose a positive CESM test will be defined as a score of 4 or 5. We will use the existing MRI BIRADS system to score CESM images based on the characteristics of individual lesions and increased enhancement compared to the background. A positive MRI test will be defined by a BIRADs score of 4 or 5.

Estimated Enrollment: 1000
Study Start Date: October 2012
Estimated Study Completion Date: October 2017
Estimated Primary Completion Date: October 2017 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: pts at risk for breast cancer
Women at increased risk for breast cancer who are being referred for screening MRI will be offered and consented for CESM at the same time. The 2 examinations will be performed on the same day when at all possible and if not we will make every attempt to perform CESM before MRI. Patients with outside MRI performed within 30 days and of adequate quality will also be eligible for CESM.
Other: Mammography (CESM) and MRI
The study consists of the addition of a single contrast enhanced digital mammography examination (CESM) to the routine screening of a woman at increased risk for breast cancer who is also having a breast MRI. Breast MRIs will be read by the radiologist reading breast MRIs on any given day. CESM is a dedicated system, derived from a standard digital mammography unit modified to deliver the dual or multiple energy exposures and visualization of combined images after IV contrast administration. If the patient is having her routine mammogram within 30 days of her MRI, CESM can replace that mammogram Patients will be randomly assigned to one of the radiologists trained to interpret CESM. That radiologist will read the CESM blinded to the results of the breast MRI.This process will be monitored by the research assistant No radiologist will read both the breast MRI and CESM on the same patient.


Ages Eligible for Study:   21 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Women considered at increased risk for developing breast carcinoma (those with a lifetime risk of >15%due to family history, genetic predisposition, prior radiation therapy to the chest, prior biopsy showing a high risk lesion, or personal history of breast cancer) that are being screened with breast MRI.
  • Women who have a screening digital mammogram on the day of CESM or within 365 days prior

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Women under 21.
  • Pregnant or possibly pregnant.
  • Women who have a contraindication to the intravenous use of iodinated - contrast agent (i.e., allergy to iodinated contrastor severely impaired renal function with a creatinine level > or = to 1.3).
  • Women with breast implants.
  • Women with pacemakers.
  • Women with aneurysm clips that don't allow for MRI.
  • Women too claustrophobic to undergo MRI.
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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT01716247

United States, New York
Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center
New York, New York, United States, 10065
Sponsors and Collaborators
Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center
Principal Investigator: Maxine Jochelson, MD Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center
  More Information

Additional Information:
Responsible Party: Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center Identifier: NCT01716247     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 12-214
Study First Received: October 25, 2012
Last Updated: July 25, 2016

Keywords provided by Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center:
Mammography (CESM)
Breast screening

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Breast Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Breast Diseases
Skin Diseases processed this record on May 22, 2017