Tubular Function in Asian-American Patients Receiving TDF or ETV for HBV Treatment

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01715987
Recruitment Status : Terminated
First Posted : October 29, 2012
Last Update Posted : September 6, 2017
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
New Discovery LLC

Brief Summary:
Nucleotide anti-viral analogues, including adefovir and TDF, have demonstrated kidney toxicity in HIV/HBV co-infected patients and HBV mono-infected European patients. Investigators suspected similar kidney proximal tubular injury can also occur in HBV mono infected Asian patients receiving TDF treatment.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment
Hepatitis B Drug: Tenofovir Disoproxil Fumarate Drug: Entecavir

Detailed Description:

The primary objective of this study is to evaluate the safety use of ETV and TDF after at least 144 weeks of treatment in terms of the effects of renal tubular function as determined by (1) 24 hours Urine phosphate (wasting is >1200 mg daily); (2) 24 hours β2-microglobulinuria (NL β2-microglobulin level, <1 mg daily); (3) fractional excretion of uric acid, and (4) fractional tubular reabsorption of phosphorus.

The secondary objectives are to evaluate:

  1. To evaluate compare the anti-viral effects of both TDF and ETV as determined the percentage of patient who achieve HBV DNA levels below 60 IU/mL (by quantitative HBV DNA PCR test with lowest level of detection at 60 IU/mL) and ALT normalization by routine biochemical test after 144 weeks of treatment.
  2. Serological responses including percentage of patients with HBeAg loss or seroconversion and HBsAg loss or seroconversion with TDF and ETV treatment in Asian-American adults with CHB infection.
  3. To evaluate the three-year (one year treatment before enrollment and two year treatment after enrollment) the percentage of patient with anti-HBV drug resistance of TDF and ETV, including genotypic mutations in Asian-American adults with CHB.

Study Type : Observational
Actual Enrollment : 48 participants
Observational Model: Case-Control
Time Perspective: Prospective
Official Title: A Prospective and Open-Label Study of the Effect on Proximal Tubular Function in Asian-American Patients Receiving Tenofovir Disoproxil Fumarate (TDF) or Entecavir (ETV) for HBV Treatment
Study Start Date : October 2012
Actual Primary Completion Date : May 2016
Actual Study Completion Date : May 2016

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Group/Cohort Intervention/treatment
Tenofovir Disoproxil Fumarate
Patients who are taking Tenofovir Disoproxil Fumarate.
Drug: Tenofovir Disoproxil Fumarate
300mg, oral daily for two years
Other Name: Viread

Patients who are taking Entecavir.
Drug: Entecavir
0.5mg oral daily for two years.
Other Name: Baraclude

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. renal tubular dysfunction [ Time Frame: at 144 week after treatment with antiviral ]
    renal tubular dysfunction as determined by (1) 24 hours Urine phosphate (wasting is >1200 mg daily); (2) 24 hours β2-microglobulinuria (NL β2-microglobulin level, <1 mg daily); (3) fractional excretion of uric acid, and (4) fractional tubular reabsorption of phosphorus.

Biospecimen Retention:   Samples With DNA
Blood Urine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 70 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Sampling Method:   Probability Sample
Study Population
Asian Americans with hepatitis B taking Entecavir or Tenofovir.

Inclusion Criteria:

  • 18-70 year-old Asian-American male or female patients with HBeAg+ or HBeAg-CHB
  • On TDF or ETV mono-therapy for 12-24 months, not previously exposed to other oral HBV drugs, nor received any type of interferon treatment in the past 12 months
  • Be willing to participate
  • Continuation of HBV treatment is medically indicated. That is for HBeAg-positive subjects, HBeAg remain positive or HBeAg becomes negative but still has detectable DNA by the PCR method; and for HBeAg-negative subjects, HBV DNA is either detectable or undetectable by the PCR method
  • No clinical or virologic evidence of anti-HBV resistance to TDF treatment at the time of entering tests
  • Serum creatinine < 1.5 mg/L and estimated glomerular filtration rate (creatinine clearance) ≥ 60 mL/min/1.73m2 by the Cockcroft-Gault equation:

    (140-age in years)(body weight [kg] )/((72)(serum creatinine [mg/dl]) ) [Note: multiply estimated rate 0. by 85 for women; use actual body weight]

  • Adequate hematologic function (absolute neutrophil count ≥ 1,500/mm3; hemoglobin ≥ 10.0 g/dL)
  • To assure all the subjects will be regularly followed per study protocol and minimize the drop off rate, the subjects have to have documented pre-treatment full evaluation and necessary blood tests, medical adherence to HBV treatment, and regular follow-up (i.e., on HBV treatment not missing HBV medication (TDF or ETV) for more than a week, with medical follow-up for HBV treatment at least every 6 month and had all the necessary labs performed.
  • In the absence of exclusion criteria.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Ethnicity: Non-Asian CHB patients
  • Age: >70 years old
  • Body weight and height: BMI ≥ 30
  • Concomitant nephrotoxic agents - record all prescription and nonprescription items including herbs and natural remedies, NSAIDs, acyclovir, statins, ACEI or ARBs, Valproate
  • Any other antiretroviral meds, antibiotic exposure during study to be noted
  • History of HCV, HDV, or HIV co-infection
  • Prior history of clinical hepatic decompensation defined as direct (conjugated) bilirubin ≥ 1.2 ULN; PT ≥ 1.2 ULN, platelets ≤ 50,000/mm3, or serum albumin ≤ 3.5 g/dL, ascites, jaundice, encephalopathy, or variceal hemorrhage
  • Serum α-fetoprotein ≥ 50 ng/mL
  • Evidence of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC)
  • History of solid organ or bone marrow transplantation
  • History of malignancies in the past 5 years
  • Pregnant women, and women who are breast feeding or who believe they may wish to become pregnant during the course of the study.
  • Males and females of reproductive potential who are not willing to use an effective method of contraception during the study. For males, condoms should be used and for females, a barrier contraception method should be used in combination with one other form of contraception.
  • History of significant renal disease
  • History of significant bone disease
  • History of HTN or DM on medical treatment
  • Ongoing therapy with any of the following:

    1. Nephrotoxic agents
    2. Parenteral aminoglycoside antibiotics
    3. Cidofovir
    4. Cisplatin
    5. Foscarnet
    6. IV amphotericin B
    7. IV pentamidine
    8. Oral or IV ganciclovir
    9. Cyclosporine
    10. Tacrolimus
    11. IV vancomycin
    12. Chronic daily non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug therapy
    13. Competitors of renal excretion Systemic chemotherapeutic agents
    14. Systemic corticosteroids
    15. Interleukin-2 (IL-2) and other immunomodulating agents
  • Investigational agents (except with the expressed approval of the lead investigators) Administration of any of the above medications must be discontinued at least 30 days prior to the Baseline Visit and for the duration of the study period.

    1. Known hypersensitivity to the study drugs, the metabolites or formulation excipients
    2. Any other condition (including alcohol or substance abuse) or prior therapy that, in the opinion of the Investigators, would make the subject unsuitable for the study or unable to comply with dosing requirements

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT01715987

United States, California
Asian Pacific Liver Center at St. Vincent Medical Center
Los Angeles, California, United States, 90057
United States, New York
New Discovery LLC
New York, New York, United States, 11355
Sponsors and Collaborators
New Discovery LLC
Principal Investigator: Calvin Q Pan, M.D. Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York

Responsible Party: New Discovery LLC Identifier: NCT01715987     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: BMS AI463-254
First Posted: October 29, 2012    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: September 6, 2017
Last Verified: June 2015

Keywords provided by New Discovery LLC:
Hepatitis B
Tubular dysfunction

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Hepatitis B
Liver Diseases
Digestive System Diseases
Hepadnaviridae Infections
DNA Virus Infections
Virus Diseases
Hepatitis, Viral, Human
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors
Nucleic Acid Synthesis Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Anti-Retroviral Agents
Anti-HIV Agents