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Exploring Massage Benefits for Arthritis of the Knee for VA Healthcare Users (EMBARK VA)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01714869
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : October 26, 2012
Last Update Posted : November 25, 2013
National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health (NCCIH)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Duke University

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to find out how effective and feasible an 8-week course of Swedish massage is, for reducing pain and increasing function in adults who are VA healthcare users, with osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Osteoarthritis Other: Swedish Massage Not Applicable

Detailed Description:
The goal of this supplement is to enroll n=25 VA healthcare users with knee OA into the initial 8-week EMBARK massage program in order to collect preliminary data on the feasibility, acceptability and efficacy of massage in this patient group, in preparation for a larger grant submission to evaluate the effectiveness of massage for knee OA in the VA healthcare system. All veterans enrolled under this supplement will complete the initial 8-week massage protocol, since this will allow us the maximum opportunity to assess the feasibility and gather preliminary efficacy data. Veterans with symptomatic knee OA will be recruited from the Durham VA Medical Center, and the remaining study activities will be completed at the Duke site of the EMBARK study.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 25 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Multisite RCT Investigating the Efficacy of Massage in Osteoarthritis for VA Healthcare Users
Study Start Date : November 2012
Actual Primary Completion Date : October 2013
Actual Study Completion Date : October 2013

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Osteoarthritis

Arm Intervention/treatment
Swedish Massage
Swedish Massage, once per week for 8 weeks, 60 minutes per session.
Other: Swedish Massage
Swedish Massage, once per week for 8 weeks, 60 minutes per session.

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change in Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis of the Knee and Hip Index (WOMAC) [ Time Frame: Baseline, and 8 weeks ]
    The Index is self-administered and assesses the three dimensions of pain, disability and joint stiffness in knee and hip osteoarthritis through 24 questions. The WOMAC has been subject to numerous validation studies to assess reliability and responsiveness to change in therapy, including physical forms of therapy

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change in Pain: The Visual Analog Scale (VAS) [ Time Frame: Baseline and 8 weeks ]
    Used to measure pain sensation intensity evoked by nociceptive stimuli. Subjects quickly and easily rate stimuli within the series by indicating level of pain on a 100 mm scale. Pain intensity is represented by the participant drawing a line on the scale indicative of pain experienced (0 = no pain, to 100 = worse pain imaginable). The VAS is anchored at the left by "no pain sensation" and at the right by "the most intense pain sensation imaginable."

  2. Change in Pain: PROMIS Pain Interference Questionnaire [ Time Frame: Baseline and 8 weeks ]
    Patient Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS), funded by the National Institutes of Health (NIH), is a system of highly reliable, valid, flexible, precise, and responsive assessment tools that measure patient-reported health status. The Pain Interference Questionnaire has 6 questions answered on an ordinal scale of five gradations.

  3. Change in Joint Flexibility [ Time Frame: Baseline and 8 weeks ]
    Joint flexibility is defined as the range of motion (ROM) allowed at the knee. The knee's ROM is measured by the number of degrees from the starting position of a segment to its position at the end of its full range of the movement. This is measured using a double-armed goniometer. A stationary arm holding a protractor is placed parallel with a stationary body segment and a movable arm moves along a moveable body segment. The pin (axis of goniometer) is placed over the joint.

  4. Change in Physical Function [ Time Frame: Baseline and 8 weeks ]
    Measured time in seconds to walk fifty (50) feet (15 m) on a level surface within the clinic facilities.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   35 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Be a veteran enrolled in care at the Durham VA Medical Center.
  2. 35 years of age or greater.
  3. Written confirmation of OA of the knee as provided by the participant's physician.
  4. Radiographically-established OA of the knee.
  5. Pre-randomization score in a specified range on the Visual Analog Pain Scale (0 - 100 mm scale).
  6. Receiving care for diagnosed OA of the knee under the care of a board-certified primary care physician, with or without involvement of a board-certified rheumatologist.
  7. Patients with bilateral knee involvement will have the more severely affected knee designated as the study knee.
  8. American College of Rheumatology defined OA of the knee; specifically:

    a. Knee pain b. Satisfaction of at least three of the following six criteria: i. Age greater than 50 years ii. Stiffness < 30 minutes iii. Crepitus iv. Bony Tenderness v. Bony enlargement vi. No palpable warmth

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Presence of rheumatoid arthritis, fibromyalgia, recurrent or active pseudo gout.
  2. Presence of cancer or other decompensated medical conditions that limit the ability to participate fully in all interventions, assessments, and follow-up visits.
  3. Signs or history of kidney or liver failure.
  4. Presence of asthma requiring the use of corticosteroid treatment.
  5. Use of oral corticosteroids within the past four weeks.
  6. Use of intra-articular knee depo-corticosteroids with the past three months.
  7. Use of intra-articular hyaluronate with the past six months.
  8. Arthroscopic surgery of the knee within the past year.
  9. Significant injury to the knee within the past six months.
  10. Presence of a rash or open wound over the knee.
  11. Unable to satisfy the treatment and follow-up requirements.
  12. Unable to provide written informed consent.
  13. Currently receiving massage therapy on a regular basis (at least twice a month).
  14. Knee replacement of study knee (ok if the knee not being studied has been replaced).
  15. History of participating in the EMBARK Phase I (2004) or II (2009) studies.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT01714869

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United States, North Carolina
Duke Integrative Medicine
Durham, North Carolina, United States, 27710
Sponsors and Collaborators
Duke University
National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health (NCCIH)
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Principal Investigator: Adam I Perlman, MD, MPH Duke Health
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Responsible Party: Duke University Identifier: NCT01714869    
Other Study ID Numbers: Pro00040759
3R01AT004623-05S2 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: October 26, 2012    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: November 25, 2013
Last Verified: November 2013
Keywords provided by Duke University:
Swedish massage
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Joint Diseases
Musculoskeletal Diseases
Rheumatic Diseases