Village Interactive Training and Learning Study (VITAL)

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of Florida
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01709799
First received: September 18, 2012
Last updated: June 3, 2015
Last verified: June 2015
  Purpose

The purpose of this research study is to help scientists and health care providers learn more about preventing dementia and brain disease in older adults. There is an urgent need to develop strategies to prevent or slow down memory loss and brain function decline in the elderly.

In this study, the investigators hope to learn how physical exercise and a brain training program work together to improve thinking and memory in older adults. Specifically, these aims include:

  • Learning whether physical activities (like biking or treadmill walking or Wii Fit games) will help improve the benefits of a brain training program. Based on preliminary results and that in the literature, the investigators anticipate greater cognitive benefits in the Exercise + Cognitive training groups than the Cognitive Training alone group.
  • To determine whether the benefits of adding exercise will occur quickly or develop more gradually over time. The investigators suspect that a major benefit of exercise pre-dosing will occur by the 12th week of the program.
  • To examine whether Wii-Fit exercise games cause similar effects on brain training as traditional exercise programs such as biking or walking. Although several recent studies have raised questions about the true aerobic benefit of exergames such as Wii-Fit Plus, other evidence suggests that these weaker aerobic benefits may be offset by the greater novelty and interest level afforded by exergames.

Condition Intervention
Aged
Behavioral: Exercise
Behavioral: Exergames
Behavioral: Cognitive Training

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: The Village Interactive Training and Learning Study

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by University of Florida:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Bird Safari Subtest of PositScience Insight [ Time Frame: Baseline (Week 0), immediate posttest (Week 16), delayed posttest (Week 28) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

    Participants identify the bird that is different from the others as it flashes briefly on screen. The test measures visual speed and precision. The test is adaptive, and becomes more difficult with practice in that bird pairs get more similar, backgrounds get more complex, and distance from the center increases. The raw score is in milliseconds. As participants improve, the birds flash for fewer milliseconds, giving them a lower (better) score. Thus, LOWER SCORES reflect IMPROVEMENT

    These scores have been converted to T-scores (standardized scores with an average of 50 and standard deviation of 10). The formula used was:

    T-score = ((((participant score minus sample mean at baseline) / (sample standard deviation at baseline) ) * 10) + 50)


  • Jewel Diver Subtest of PositScience Insight [ Time Frame: Baseline (Week 0), immediate posttest (Week 16), delayed posttest (Week 28) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

    Participants track target objects as they move around the screen. This is a measure of divided attention. As participants master the task, it is made more difficult in that: (a) objects travel more quickly, (b) objects travel over larger area, (c) objects travel for longer, (d) visual contrast decreases. The score is the number of objects participants are able to track. Thus, HIGHER SCORES reflect IMPROVEMENT

    These scores have been converted to T-scores (standardized scores with an average of 50 and standard deviation of 10). The formula used was:

    T-score = ((((participant score minus sample mean at baseline) / (sample standard deviation at baseline) ) * 10) + 50)


  • Master Gardener Subtest of PositScience Insight [ Time Frame: Baseline (Week 0), immediate posttest (Week 16), delayed posttest (Week 28) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

    Participants watch as three or five images briefly flash in different positions on screen. This task measures visual processing speed and visual working memory. As participants master the task, it is made more difficult via: (a) the images change, becoming more similar, (b) the images are shown over a larger area on screen, and (c) participants go from viewing 3 images to 5 images. Participant score is in milliseconds, so that as they improve, the images flash on screen for fewer milliseconds. Thus LOWER SCORES are indicative of IMPROVEMENT.

    These scores have been converted to T-scores (standardized scores with an average of 50 and standard deviation of 10). The formula used was:

    T-score = ((((participant score minus sample mean at baseline) / (sample standard deviation at baseline) ) * 10) + 50)


  • Road Tour Subtest of PositScience Insight [ Time Frame: Baseline (Week 0), immediate posttest (Week 16), delayed posttest (Week 28) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

    Participants choose which car they saw at the center of the screen, and also locate where a "Route 66" sign appeared in the periphery. This is a measure of useful field of view and visual processing speed. As participants master the task, it is made more difficult via: (a) distractors are added, (b) distance from the center increases, (c) cars get more similar, and (d) backgrounds get more complex. Score is in milliseconds. As participants improve, the cars and road signs flash for fewer milliseconds, giving them a lower (better) score. Thus LOWER SCORES are indicative of IMPROVEMENT.

    These scores have been converted to T-scores (standardized scores with an average of 50 and standard deviation of 10). The formula used was:

    T-score = ((((participant score minus sample mean at baseline) / (sample standard deviation at baseline) ) * 10) + 50)


  • Sweep Seeker Subtest of PositScience Insight [ Time Frame: Baseline (Week 0), immediate posttest (Week 16), delayed posttest (Week 28) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

    Participants watch two patterns that "sweep" in or out and identify their direction. The test measures visual processing speed. As participants master the task it is made more difficult via: (a) the colors of the sweeps change, (b) the direction of the sweeps change, and (c) the thickness of the bars change. Participants' scores are in milliseconds. As participants improve, the visual sweeps speed up, giving participants a lower (better) score. Thus LOWER SCORES are indicative of IMPROVEMENT.

    These scores have been converted to T-scores (standardized scores with an average of 50 and standard deviation of 10). The formula used was:

    T-score = ((((participant score minus sample mean at baseline) / (sample standard deviation at baseline) ) * 10) + 50)



Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Timed Instrumental Activities of Daily Living Task [ Time Frame: Baseline (Week 0), immediate posttest (Week 16), delayed posttest (Week 28) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

    The TIADL consists of five timed instrumental activities of daily (TIADL) tasks. The score that is generated is the total time required to perform the tasks (e.g., finding a telephone number, making change, finding and reading the ingredients on a can of food, finding food items on a shelf, reading instructions on medicine container). Thus LOWER SCORES are indicative of IMPROVEMENT.

    These scores have been converted to T-scores (standardized scores with an average of 50 and standard deviation of 10). The formula used was:

    T-score = ((((participant score minus sample mean at baseline) / (sample standard deviation at baseline) ) * 10) + 50)



Enrollment: 64
Study Start Date: January 2010
Study Completion Date: May 2015
Primary Completion Date: May 2015 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Cognitive Training plus Exercise

Physical exercise will be achieved using traditional methods of aerobic exercise. Participants may choose between walking on a treadmill or riding on a stationary bike (Choices include recumbent or traditional sit-up bike.)

Every 4th week, participants will add 80mins./day of Insight gaming for cognitive training.

Behavioral: Exercise

Participants will do physical activity that raises heart rate to a target heart rate (THR)zone which is pre-calculated using the Karvonen Formula:

(THR={(max. heart rate- rest heart rate) x %intensity} + resting heart rate

Participants begin exercise regimen starting at 50% THR for intensity and gradually increase by 5% up to a maximum of 75% THR.

Activity duration begins at 10 mins./day and increases 5 mins. every week following to a maximum of 40 mins. Polar Heart Rate monitors are used to measure THR and save resulting data.

Behavioral: Cognitive Training

Posit Science INSIGHT program games are used for all cognitive training. Participants are exposed to (2) forty minute game sessions per day, for the cognitive training weeks #4,8,12,16.

INSIGHT Assessments are done at baseline, the start of each training week and at week 28.

Active Comparator: Cognitive Training plus Exergames

Physical exercise in this group will be achieved using the Nintendo Wii Sports Resort and Wii Sports video games. A standardized gaming plan will be used for all participants, with play starting at 15 mins. and increasing 5 mins each week after, up to a maximum of 40 play minutes.

Every 4th week, participants will add 80mins./day of Insight gaming for cognitive training.

Behavioral: Exergames

Participants experience Wii Video Games in a standardized format, beginning with 15 mins of seated play per day on week one, and then increasing 5 mins./week on each week following up to a maximum of 40mins. of play.

Participants are made aware of the Target Heart Rate Zone for the week, but are not required to reach that zone during play. The THR is calculated by the Karvonen Formula:

THR={(max. heart rate- rest heart rate) x %intensity} + resting heart rate

Polar Heart Rate monitors are used to measure THR and save resulting data.

Behavioral: Cognitive Training

Posit Science INSIGHT program games are used for all cognitive training. Participants are exposed to (2) forty minute game sessions per day, for the cognitive training weeks #4,8,12,16.

INSIGHT Assessments are done at baseline, the start of each training week and at week 28.

Active Comparator: Cognitive Training
Participants will complete 80 mins/day during the 4th, 8th, 12th and 16th weeks of the intervention.
Behavioral: Cognitive Training

Posit Science INSIGHT program games are used for all cognitive training. Participants are exposed to (2) forty minute game sessions per day, for the cognitive training weeks #4,8,12,16.

INSIGHT Assessments are done at baseline, the start of each training week and at week 28.


Detailed Description:

Research Participants take part in a 16 week Wellness Program, which includes either traditional physical exercise with brain training(Group A), Wii exergaming with brain training(Group B) or brain training alone (Group C). Participants are randomly assigned to groups.

A comprehensive battery of neuropsychological tests, surveys and assessments are given prior to start of the intervention, at completion of the 16 weeks, and again 3 months post completion.

The program involves 4 days of physical activity each week for groups A & B. The physical exercise/activity portion will involve warm up stretching and then either Group A-traditional exercise (like riding a stationary recumbent bicycle or walking on a treadmill), Group B- playing Nintendo Wii Exergames with a television based video game, or Group C- NO exercise at all.

Every 4th week the 16 week intervention period, all participants in all three groups will also complete 80 minutes of brain training activities each day of the week. This is in addition to the previously assigned physical activity for Groups A & B. The brain training regimen consists of Posit Science Insight computer based brain games.

The Insight program consists of five different modules that focus on visual processing, attention, and memory. Each of the modules are described below:

  1. Bird Safari: This module involves identifying and ordering simple visual stimuli that flash on a screen. The goal is to improve ability to respond quickly to visual stimuli and to segment rapidly changing visual pictures.
  2. Jewel Diver: This module involves tracking objects as they become hidden by distractors. The goal is to improve ability of visual system to rapidly identify and discriminate objects in the visual periphery.
  3. Master Gardener: This module involves visual working memory and matching pairs of pictures.
  4. Road Tour: This is a simulated driving exercise that involves divided attention to oncoming cars and road signs. The goal is to improve ability of visual system to continuously track multiple objects against a field of distractors.
  5. Sweep Seeker: In this exercise, participants identify complex moving visual stimuli. The goal is to improve rapid, sequential eye movements to salient visual targets, process relevant information and then make rapid decisions to identify, discriminate and classify targets.

Questionnaires regarding the participants mood before and after the brain training weekly are administered. In addition, brief questionnaires on attention and memory are given to measure thinking and memory progress.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   60 Years to 95 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Age 60+
  • Generally Healthy
  • On stable does of medications
  • Absence of significant behavioral or cognitive dysfunction

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Significant cognitive or behavioral problems or symptoms
  • History of falls >2 in the past month
  • Unstable medical conditions such as uncontrolled diabetes, uncontrolled cardiac disease, uncontrolled hypertension, or other that would increase risk of side effects performing physical activity
  • History of substance abuse in last 6 months
  • Known structural brain abnormality, previous major debilitating strokes or seizures, traumatic brain injury
  • Had complete neuropsychological testing in the last 6 months
  • Previous participation in cognitive or exercise training study within last 3 months
  • Currently engaging in moderate to heavy exercise >125 mins. week at 75% Target Heart Rate
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01709799

Locations
United States, Florida
The Village Retirement Community
Gainesville, Florida, United States, 32653
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Florida
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Dawn Bowers, Ph.D. University of Florida- PHHP, CHP
Principal Investigator: Michael M Marsiske, Ph.D. University of Florida, PHHP, CHP
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: University of Florida
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01709799     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 179-2010
Study First Received: September 18, 2012
Results First Received: June 3, 2015
Last Updated: June 3, 2015
Health Authority: United States: Institutional Review Board

Keywords provided by University of Florida:
Cognitive Training
Aging
Seniors

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on September 02, 2015