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A Comparison of the Drug Therapy Versus Re-Ablation

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01709682
First Posted: October 18, 2012
Last Update Posted: October 18, 2012
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Meshalkin Research Institute of Pathology of Circulation
  Purpose
The hypothesis of this study was that early re-ablation (test) was superior to AAD therapy (control) in patients with previous failed PVI ablation for paroxysmal AF.

Condition Intervention Phase
Paroxysmal Atrial Fibrillation Failed First Radiofrequency Ablation Procedure Drug: Anti-Arrhythmia Agents (propafenone, flecainide, and/or sotalol, or amiodarone) Procedure: re-ablation procedure Procedure: ILR implantation Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single (Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Progression of Atrial Fibrillation After a Failed Initial Ablation Procedure in Patients With Paroxysmal Atrial Fibrillation: A Randomized Comparison of the Drug Therapy Versus Re-Ablation

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Meshalkin Research Institute of Pathology of Circulation:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • progression of AF (AF burden progression and persistent AF) [ Time Frame: 3 year ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • recurrence of atrial tachyarrhythmia, including AF and atrial flutter/tachycardia [ Time Frame: 3 years ]
  • number of further ablation [ Time Frame: 3 years ]
  • predictors of AF progression [ Time Frame: 3 years ]
    AF burden by ILR monitoring

  • complications [ Time Frame: 3 years ]
    • tamponade
    • pulmonary vein stenosis
    • atrio-esophora fistula (for re-ablation arm)
    • ventricular arrhythmia
    • symptomatic bradycardia (for AAD arm)


Enrollment: 154
Study Start Date: November 2007
Study Completion Date: August 2012
Primary Completion Date: January 2012 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Active Comparator: AAD therapy
Recurrent episodes were pharmacologically managed by conventional AAD therapy (propafenone, flecainide, and/or sotalol as first-line drugs in patients without structural heart disease or amiodarone as a single drug or in combination in patients with structural heart disease or in case of first-line drug failure) according to AF management guidelines.
Drug: Anti-Arrhythmia Agents (propafenone, flecainide, and/or sotalol, or amiodarone)
propafenone, flecainide, and/or sotalol as first-line drugs in patients without structural heart disease or amiodarone as a single drug or in combination in patients with structural heart disease or in case of first-line drug failure
Procedure: ILR implantation

The Reveal XT was implanted in the parasternal area of the chest. The requirement for defining the exact final position was an R-wave amplitude ≥0.4 mV assessed through the Vector Check.

Patients were provided with the Patient Assistant, a tool that allows each patient to store the ECG through the implanted device during symptoms; data were collected in order to analyze heart rhythm during symptomatic events.

Active Comparator: re-ablation procedure

Reisolation of the PVs was performed by identifying the breakthrough site on the mapping catheter (NaviStar ThermoCool, Biosense-Webster Inc., Diamond Bar, CA). RF energy was delivered at 43°C, 35 W, 0.5 cm away from the PV ostia at the anterior wall, and was reduced to 43°C, 30 W, 1 cm away from the PV ostia at the posterior wall, with a saline irrigation rate of 17 mL/min. Each lesion was ablated continuously until the local potential amplitude decreased by >80% or RF energy deliveries exceeded 40 s.

The endpoint of ablation was complete PVI; this was confirmed when Lasso catheter mapping showed the disappearance of all PV potentials or the dissociation of PV potentials from LA activity. Only in patients with induced left atrial flutter, additional RF ablation lines were created by connecting the left inferior PV to the mitral annulus (mitral isthmus) and the roof of the LA between the two superior PVs.

Procedure: re-ablation procedure
Reisolation of the PVs was performed by identifying the breakthrough site on the mapping catheter (NaviStar ThermoCool, Biosense-Webster Inc., Diamond Bar, CA). RF energy was delivered at 43°C, 35 W, 0.5 cm away from the PV ostia at the anterior wall, and was reduced to 43°C, 30 W, 1 cm away from the PV ostia at the posterior wall, with a saline irrigation rate of 17 mL/min. Each lesion was ablated continuously until the local potential amplitude decreased by >80% or RF energy deliveries exceeded 40 s. The endpoint of ablation was complete PVI; this was confirmed when Lasso catheter mapping showed the disappearance of all PV potentials or the dissociation of PV potentials from LA activity.
Procedure: ILR implantation

The Reveal XT was implanted in the parasternal area of the chest. The requirement for defining the exact final position was an R-wave amplitude ≥0.4 mV assessed through the Vector Check.

Patients were provided with the Patient Assistant, a tool that allows each patient to store the ECG through the implanted device during symptoms; data were collected in order to analyze heart rhythm during symptomatic events.


  Eligibility

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 65 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • history of symptomatic PAF

Exclusion Criteria:

  • congestive heart failure
  • LV ejection fraction < 35%
  • left atrial diameter > 60 mm
  Contacts and Locations
Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01709682


Locations
Russian Federation
State Research Institute of Circulation Pathology
Novosibirsk, Russian Federation, 630055
Sponsors and Collaborators
Meshalkin Research Institute of Pathology of Circulation
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Evgeny Pokushalov, MD, PhD State Research Institute of Circulation Pathology
  More Information

Additional Information:
Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: Meshalkin Research Institute of Pathology of Circulation
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01709682     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: PAF-DT-RA
First Submitted: October 11, 2012
First Posted: October 18, 2012
Last Update Posted: October 18, 2012
Last Verified: October 2012

Keywords provided by Meshalkin Research Institute of Pathology of Circulation:
atrial fibrillation
arrhythmias
anti-arrhythmic agents

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Atrial Fibrillation
Arrhythmias, Cardiac
Heart Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Pathologic Processes
Amiodarone
Flecainide
Sotalol
Propafenone
Anti-Arrhythmia Agents
Vasodilator Agents
Potassium Channel Blockers
Membrane Transport Modulators
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Sodium Channel Blockers
Cytochrome P-450 CYP1A2 Inhibitors
Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Cytochrome P-450 CYP2C9 Inhibitors
Cytochrome P-450 CYP2D6 Inhibitors
Cytochrome P-450 CYP3A Inhibitors
Voltage-Gated Sodium Channel Blockers
Adrenergic beta-Antagonists
Adrenergic Antagonists
Adrenergic Agents
Neurotransmitter Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Sympatholytics
Autonomic Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents