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Kuvan in People With Schizophrenia and Schizoaffective Disorder

This study has suspended participant recruitment.
(suspended due to study drug expiration)
Stanley Medical Research Institute
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
New York State Psychiatric Institute Identifier:
First received: October 10, 2012
Last updated: March 17, 2016
Last verified: March 2016
Rater blinded trial of six weeks of Kuvan vs. multivitamin in 60 outpatients with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder. The aims are to evaluate an anticipated clinical response to Kuvan treatment including negative symptom and cognitive deficits, evaluate safety of Kuvan treatment for schizophrenic patients and evaluate the relationship of changes in plasma Kuvan levels and efficacy outcomes.

Condition Intervention Phase
Schizophrenia Schizoaffective Disorder Drug: Kuvan Drug: Multivitamin Phase 1 Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single Blind (Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: 6R-BH 4 in People With Schizophrenia and Schizoaffective Disorder

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by New York State Psychiatric Institute:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Clinical response to Kuvan [ Time Frame: Baseline (start of Kuvan) through six weeks of treatment and two weeks post-treatment follow up ]
    To evaluate an anticipated clinical response to Kuvan treatment including negative symptoms and cognitive deficits by the change in the Positive and Negative Symptom Scale (PANSS) total score and the MATRICS consensus cognitive scale

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Safety [ Time Frame: Throughout 6 week treatment study period ]
    To evaluate the safety of Kuvan treatment for schizophrenic patients by collecting data on all adverse events

Other Outcome Measures:
  • Relationship in changes in plasma Kuvan levels and efficacy outcomes [ Time Frame: Lead-in phase visit, baseline visit and at week 2, 4, and 6 visits ]
    Measure plasma BH4 levels and examine the relationship with clinical symptoms and cognitive deficits

Estimated Enrollment: 60
Study Start Date: October 2012
Estimated Study Completion Date: June 2016
Estimated Primary Completion Date: June 2016 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Kuvan
Kuvan once-daily dosing initiated with 10mg/kg for the first week followed by 20mg/kg for the remaining weeks of the study
Drug: Kuvan
20mg/kg using a daily dosing schedule. To increase tolerability, treatment will be initiated at 10mg/kg for the first week of the study. Given the short length of the trial, no dose adjustments will be made for changes in weight
Other Name: Sapropterin dihydrochloride
Active Comparator: Multivitamin
Daily multivitamin tablet
Drug: Multivitamin
Multi-vitamin will be used as an active control in this study. Will be dosed daily

Detailed Description:
Tetrahydrobiopterin (BH4) is a vital central nervous system (CNS) cofactor that maintains availability of amine neurotransmitters such as dopamine (DA) and serotonin (5HT), and stimulates and modulates the glutamatergic system. Dysregulation of these neurotransmitter systems has been implicated in the pathogenesis of schizophrenia (SZ). A central role of BH4 in schizophrenia is further supported by a study finding a relative deficit of 32% for SZ patients as compared to controls. The observed BH4 deficit is comparable to that reported for genetic BH4 deficiency disorders, supporting its characterization as having physiological significance. This highly significant finding, along with: a) the known roles of BH4 in neurotransmitter maintenance, b) dysregulation of CNS neurotransmitter synthesis observed in human BH4 deficiencies, c) evidence that plasma biopterin levels are correlated with CNS biopterin levels, and d) evidence that urinary biopterin excretion is not increased in SZ, all support our hypothesis that dysregulation of BH4 biosynthesis is involved in the pathophysiology of SZ. Moreover, additional data suggesting that mood stabilizer drugs can moderately increase levels of biopterin in patients with psychiatric disorders, and the reported efficacy of BH4 in pilot studies of neuropsychiatric disorders, suggest that alleviation of the schizophrenia BH4 deficit via treatment with synthetic BH4 supplement (Sapropterin dihydrochloride or Kuvan), may give rise to an improvement of the symptoms of schizophrenia, including positive and negative symptoms as well as neurocognitive deficits. Sapropterin dihydrochlorides, teh active pharmaceutical ingredient in Kuvan Tablets,is a synthetic preparation of the dihydrochloride salt of naturally occurring tetrahydrobiopterin (BH4)

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 64 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Male and female outpatients with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder
  • Ages 18-64
  • A score of 45 or greater on PANSS
  • All oral and depot antipsychotics (with the exception of clozapine) are allowable. Patients must be on their antipsychotic medication for 3 months and stable on dose of antipsychotic and adjunctive medications for 2 weeks prior to study entry. If a patient is on depot medication, they must be stable in dose for 2 months

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Organic brain disorder, including epilepsy; mental retardation; or a medical condition whose pathology or treatment would likely alter the presentation or treatment of schizophrenia
  • Participated in any investigational study or taken an investigational drug within 30 days
  • Current Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th edition (DSM-IV) diagnosis of drug/alcohol abuse in last month and current DSM-IV diagnosis drug/alcohol dependence in last 6 months. Subjects must have a negative drug screen at baseline (with one retest allowed for suspected false positive based on clinical judgement of the investigator)
  • Diagnosis of any known BH4 deficiency disorder (other than schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder), including dopa-responsive dystonia,phenylketonuria (PKU), and autism
  • Current treatment with clozapine
  • In the investigator's judgment, a significant risk of suicide or violent behavior
  • Current use of levodopa and nitric oxide-mediated vasorelaxation or oral minoxidil
  • Women will be excluded if they are pregnant, lactating, or not either surgically-sterile or using appropriate methods of birth control. Women must agree to continue using applicable birth control throughout the trial. All women of child-bearing potential must have a negative urine pregnancy test at the screening visit and visit 2 (1 week before beginning study medication)
  • Absolute neutrophil count below 2.0 on screening
  • Any contraindication or allergic reaction to previous multi-vitamin or unwillingness to stop use of current multi-vitamin during study
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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT01706965

United States, New York
New York State Psychiatric Institute
New York, New York, United States, 10032
Sponsors and Collaborators
New York State Psychiatric Institute
Stanley Medical Research Institute
Principal Investigator: Jeffrey A Lieberman, M.D. New York State Psychiatric
  More Information

Responsible Party: New York State Psychiatric Institute Identifier: NCT01706965     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 6320
Study First Received: October 10, 2012
Last Updated: March 17, 2016

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Psychotic Disorders
Pathologic Processes
Schizophrenia Spectrum and Other Psychotic Disorders
Mental Disorders processed this record on July 27, 2017