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A Pharmacokinetic Evaluation of Two Nicotine Patches in Smokers

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01702519
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : October 8, 2012
Results First Posted : February 11, 2015
Last Update Posted : March 20, 2015
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
GlaxoSmithKline

Brief Summary:
Bioequivalence study to confirm that a NTS with a polyisobutylene (PIB) adhesive from an alternative supplier delivers the same nicotine blood profile as that of the currently approved NTS with a polyisobutylene adhesive from the current supplier.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Smoking Drug: nicotine Phase 1

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 40 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Masking: Single (Outcomes Assessor)
Official Title: A Pharmacokinetic Evaluation of Two Nicotine Patches in Smokers
Study Start Date : March 2012
Actual Primary Completion Date : March 2012
Actual Study Completion Date : March 2012

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

U.S. FDA Resources

Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: Reference
nicotine transdermal patch with the existing polyisobutylene adhesive
Drug: nicotine
nicotine transdermal patch
Active Comparator: Treatement
nicotine transdermal patch with the alternate polyisobutylene adhesive
Drug: nicotine
nicotine transdermal patch



Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Area Under the Curve From Time 0 to the Last Quantifiable Sample, AUC(0-t) [ Time Frame: Baseline to 32 hours ]
    Following randomization, the nicotine patches; reference nicotine patch or test nicotine patch (as per the assigned sequence), were applied on participant's upper back or arm. Area under the plasma concentration time curve from zero and extrapolated to the time of last quantifiable sample was determined by plasma concentration time profile of nicotine. Blood samples were drawn at the following time intervals: immediately pre-dose and at 0.5, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 8, 10, 12, 14, 16, 20, 24, 25, 26, 28, and 32 hours after the application of the patch. Patch was then removed after the collection of 24 hour blood sample. AUC(0 -t) was based on the baseline adjusted nicotine plasma concentration data.

  2. Maximum Measured Plasma Concentration (Cmax) [ Time Frame: Baseline to 32 hours ]
    Following randomization, the nicotine patches; reference nicotine patch or test nicotine patch (as per the assigned sequence), were applied on participant's upper back or arm. Maximum plasma nicotine concentration was determined from plasma concentration time profiles. Blood samples were drawn at various time points: immediately pre-dose and at 0.5, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 8, 10, 12, 14, 16, 20, 24, 25, 26, 28, and 32 hours after application the patch. Patch was then removed after the collection of 24 hour blood sample. Cmax was based on the baseline adjusted nicotine plasma concentration data.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Area Under the Concentration Time Curve Between Zero and Infinity, AUC (0-inf) [ Time Frame: Baseline to 32 hours ]
    Following randomization, the nicotine patches; reference nicotine patch or test nicotine patch (as per the assigned sequence), were applied on participant's upper back or arm. Area under the plasma nicotine concentration time curve from zero extrapolated to infinity was determined by plasma concentration time profile of nicotine. Blood samples drawn at various time points including: immediately pre-dose and at 0.5, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 8, 10, 12, 14, 16, 20, 24, 25, 26, 28, and 32 hours after wearing the patch. Patch was then removed after the collection of 24 hour blood sample. AUC(0 -inf) was based on the baseline adjusted nicotine plasma concentration data.

  2. Time to Maximum Plasma Concentration (Tmax) [ Time Frame: Baseline to 32 hours ]
    Following randomization, the nicotine patches; reference nicotine patch or test nicotine patch (as per the assigned sequence), were applied on participant's upper back or arm. Time to Maximum Plasma Concentration was determined from plasma concentration time profiles. Blood samples were drawn at various time points; immediately pre-dose and at 0.5, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 8, 10, 12, 14, 16, 20, 24, 25, 26, 28, and 32 hours after application of the patch. Patch was then removed after the collection of 24 hour blood sample. Tmax was based on the baseline adjusted nicotine plasma concentration data.

  3. Plasma Half-life (t1/2) [ Time Frame: Baseline to 32 hours ]
    Following randomization, the nicotine patches; reference nicotine patch or test nicotine patch (as per the assigned sequence), were applied on participant's upper back or arm. The elimination half-life of nicotine was determined by from plasma concentration time profiles. Blood samples were drawn at several time points: immediately pre-dose, and at 0.5, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 8, 10, 12, 14, 16, 20, 24, 25, 26, 28, and 32 hours after the application of the patch. Patch was then removed after the collection of 24 hour blood sample. Plasma half-life (t1/2) was based on the baseline adjusted nicotine plasma concentration data

  4. Rate of Elimination (Kel) [ Time Frame: Baseline to 32 hours ]
    Following randomization, the nicotine patches; reference nicotine patch or test nicotine patch (as per the assigned sequence), were applied on participant's upper back or arm. Elimination rate constant for nicotine was determined from plasma concentration time profiles. Blood samples were drawn at several time points: immediately pre-dose, and at 0.5, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 8, 10, 12, 14, 16, 20, 24, 25, 26, 28, and 32 hours the application of the patch. Patch was then removed after the collection of 24 hour blood sample. Elimination rate constant for nicotine was based on the baseline adjusted nicotine plasma concentration data.



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Ages Eligible for Study:   19 Years to 55 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • BMI 19-27 kg/m2
  • smokes >10 cigarettes per day for preceeding 6 months

Exclusion Criteria:

  • inability to stop smoking during study

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01702519


Locations
United States, Nebraska
Celerion NEBRASKA
Lincoln, Nebraska, United States, 68502
Sponsors and Collaborators
GlaxoSmithKline
Investigators
Study Director: GSK Clinical Trials GlaxoSmithKline

Responsible Party: GlaxoSmithKline
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01702519     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: RH01418
First Posted: October 8, 2012    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: February 11, 2015
Last Update Posted: March 20, 2015
Last Verified: February 2015

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Nicotine
Ganglionic Stimulants
Autonomic Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Nicotinic Agonists
Cholinergic Agonists
Cholinergic Agents
Neurotransmitter Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action