Calmer Life: Testing the Effectiveness of a Treatment for Anxiety

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01702220
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : October 8, 2012
Last Update Posted : January 12, 2016
Retirement Research Foundation
Archstone Foundation
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Melinda Stanley, Baylor College of Medicine

Brief Summary:
The overall goals of the proposed research study are to: (1) examine quantitative outcomes in a well-conducted randomized clinical trial of Calmer Life, relative to Enhanced Community Care, an information and referral intervention that represents care in a real-world community-service environment, and (2) evaluate implementation feasibility, which includes training community providers; examining program reach, engagement, acceptability, and barriers-facilitators; and preparing practical tools for replicating the program.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Generalized Anxiety Disorder Anxiety Disorder NOS Behavioral: CBT Other: ECC Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

Cognitive behavioral treatment (CBT) produces positive outcomes for late-life worry/GAD in academic and primary care settings, but minorities are significantly underrepresented in clinical trials, and standard CBT poorly addresses the needs of low-income minority older adults in underserved communities. More attention needs to be given to service delivery of anxiety treatments for underserved older adults. Calmer Life (CL) is a culturally tailored, participant-centered research study that offers a skills-based intervention for late-life anxiety and includes other elements of care to meet the needs of underserved, minority older adults, including the option to integrate religion/spirituality (R/S), flexible delivery modes, and modular treatment format.

Participants will be randomly assigned to CL or Enhanced Community Care(ECC). CL and ECC will be provided by behavioral health clinicians recruited from partner organizations, psychology trainees, and other research staff over 3 months. Assessments will occur at baseline and 3 months.

Participants in the CL condition can choose up to 12 individual skill sessions, and will be recommended to complete a minimum of 6 sessions. If participants desire to incorporate R/S, an R/S assessment occurs during session 2 to help the provider understand the participant's beliefs and practices. R/S can be integrated into any of the skills learned during the intervention (e.g., deep breathing, self-statements, sleep management) or omitted entirely.

Participants in the ECC condition will receive brief biweekly check in calls to provide information about community resources (including mental health), offer emotional support, and assess symptom severity and need for crisis intervention. Emergency procedures will be followed in crisis situations. After 3 months of ECC is completed, participants in the ECC group will be offered the CL intervention.

Outcome measures will be administered for participants in both groups at baseline, 1 month, and 3 months. Participants in ECC will complete measures at 6 months after completion of CL.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 60 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single (Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Calmer Life: A Randomized Controlled Trial of a Participant-Centered Treatment for Anxiety in Low-Income, Older Adults
Study Start Date : October 2012
Actual Primary Completion Date : February 2015
Actual Study Completion Date : August 2015

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Anxiety

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: CBT Behavioral: CBT
6-12 sessions of CBT in person or over the phone
Other Name: Cognitive Behavior Treatment, Cognitive Behavior Therapy

Active Comparator: Enhanced Community Care (ECC) Other: ECC
6 biweekly sessions of ECC over the telephone
Other Name: Enhanced Community Care

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Geriatric Anxiety Inventory [ Time Frame: 3 months ]
  2. Penn State Worry Questionnaire (PSWQ-A) [ Time Frame: 3 months ]
  3. Generalized Anxiety Disorder-7 [ Time Frame: 3 months ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Patient Health Questionnaire-9 [ Time Frame: 3 months ]
  2. Insomnia Severity Index [ Time Frame: 3 months ]
  3. Late-Life Functional Disability Index [ Time Frame: 3 months ]
  4. SF-12 Health Survey [ Time Frame: 3 months ]
  5. Client Satisfaction Questionnaire [ Time Frame: 3 months ]
  6. Brief RCOPE [ Time Frame: 3 months ]
    Religious coping

  7. Health services use [ Time Frame: 3 months ]
  8. Use of psychotropic medication [ Time Frame: 3 months ]
  9. Brief Multidimensional Measure of Religiousness and Spirituality [ Time Frame: 3 months ]
  10. Satisfaction with Life Scale [ Time Frame: 3 months ]
  11. Geriatric Depression Scale [ Time Frame: 3 months ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   50 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Age 50 and older
  • Principal or Co-principal diagnosis of GAD or ADNOS
  • Must speak English
  • Must have a health care or social service provider and provide written authorization to research team to communicate with their health-care or social service provider
  • Must live, work, worship, attend community functions, and/or receive health care in target geographic areas

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Active suicidal intent
  • Current psychosis
  • Mania or substance abuse within the last month
  • Cognitive impairment according to a Mini Cog screener score of 3 or lower

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT01702220

United States, Texas
Houston Center for Quality of Care and Utilization Studies
Houston, Texas, United States, 77030
Sponsors and Collaborators
Baylor College of Medicine
Retirement Research Foundation
Archstone Foundation
Principal Investigator: Melinda A Stanley, PhD Baylor College of Medicine

Responsible Party: Melinda Stanley, Professor, Baylor College of Medicine Identifier: NCT01702220     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: H30928
First Posted: October 8, 2012    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: January 12, 2016
Last Verified: January 2016

Keywords provided by Melinda Stanley, Baylor College of Medicine:
Generalized Anxiety Disorder

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Anxiety Disorders
Pathologic Processes
Mental Disorders