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Phase 2 Trial of AEZS-108 in Chemotherapy Refractory in Triple Negative Breast Cancer

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01698281
Recruitment Status : Terminated (Poor recruitment)
First Posted : October 2, 2012
Last Update Posted : February 21, 2018
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
AEterna Zentaris

Brief Summary:
This is a therapeutic exploratory Phase 2 study evaluating AEZS-108 compared to standard single agent cytotoxic chemotherapy (SSCC) as measured by the median time of progression-free survival (PFS) in patients with chemotherapy refractory triple negative (ER/PR/HER2-negative) LHRH-R positive metastatic breast cancer.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Breast Cancer Drug: AEZS-108 Drug: SCCC Drug: Dexamethasone Phase 2

Detailed Description:

The study will be conducted as an open-label randomized two-arm multicenter Phase II study. Patients will be randomized in a 1:1 ratio into one of the two treatment arms within each stratum: AEZS-108 (267 mg/m2 every 21 calendar days) (Arm A) OR SSCC (Arm B) at discretion of treating oncologist cycled every 21 calendar days.

Stratified randomization will be used with number of prior lines of therapies (1-2 versus >2). Tumor assessment will be repeated every 2 cycles. At the time of disease progression, Arm B patients may be crossed over to AEZS-108 as long as none of the exclusion criteria for study entry apply. Particularly, LVEF ≥50% is required, and patients failing on liposomal doxorubicin cannot be crossed over to AEZS-108.

Analysis of the main study endpoint, PFS, will follow a group sequential design with one interim and one final analysis utilizing the O'Brien-Fleming stopping boundaries procedure. The study will be terminated for futility if the lower bound is crossed and for superiority if the upper bound is crossed. The sponsor may also terminate the study for futility based on other considerations such as safety.


Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 7 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Randomized Phase 2 Trial of AEZS-108 in Chemotherapy Refractory Triple Negative, LHRH-positive Metastatic Breast Cancer.
Study Start Date : December 2012
Actual Primary Completion Date : August 2014
Actual Study Completion Date : October 2014

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Breast Cancer

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Arm A: AEZS-108
Intervention: AEZS-108 (267 mg/m^2, 2-hour IV infusion every Day 1 of a 21-day (3-week) cycle). Recommended prophylactic anti-emetic for AEZS-108: 8 mg dexamethasone
Drug: AEZS-108

AEZS-108 (267 mg/m2, 2-hour IV infusion every Day 1 of a 21-day (3-week) cycle. Allowed delay of re-treatment: up to 2 weeks.

Dose reduction: to 210 mg/m2 and 160 mg/m2, if dose limiting toxicity.

Other Name: Zoptarelin doxorubicin

Drug: Dexamethasone
Recommended prophylactic anti-emetic for AEZS-108: 8 mg dexamethasone.

Active Comparator: Arm B: Standard (SCCC)

commercially available standard single agent cytotoxic chemotherapy (SSCC): - doses below the recommended package insert at the discretion of treating oncologist;

- on a 21-day cycle (although weekly administration is allowed; note: pegylated liposomal doxorubicin will be administered on a 28-day cycle).

Drug: SCCC

commercially available SSCC (doses below the recommended package insert at the discretion of treating oncologist), on a 21-day cycle (although weekly administration is allowed; note: pegylated liposomal doxorubicin will be administered on a 28-day cycle).

Drugs considered acceptable as SSCC: paclitaxel; nab-paclitaxel; eribulin; pegylated liposomal doxorubicin (PLD); vinorelbine; gemcitabine; capecitabine.

Related to PLD: Per notification from EMA (dated 22-Nov-2011) "no new patients should be started on treatment with Caelyx until further notice." Accordingly, this drug may be selected as SSCC treatment option only after such written notice is available.

Other Name: Standard single agent cytotoxic chemotherapy




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Efficacy of AEZS-108 compared to SSCC as measured by the median time of progression-free survival (PFS). [ Time Frame: Up to two years ]
    PFS is defined as the time elapsed from randomization to the date of documented progression or death, whichever comes first. For surviving patients without progression who begin alternative treatment, PFS will be censored at the last date of documented progression-free status prior to starting alternative treatment. Similarly, losses to follow up will be censored at the last date of documented progression-free status.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Efficacy of AEZS-108: overall response [ Time Frame: Up to two years ]
    Overall response per RECIST 1.1 (i.e. complete response (CR) + partial response (PR).

  2. Efficacy of AEZS-108: clinical benefit [ Time Frame: up to 2 years ]
    Overall clinical benefit = complete response (CR) + partial response (PR) + stable disease (SD)

  3. Efficacy of AEZS-108: duration of response [ Time Frame: up to 2 years ]
    The duration of overall response is measured from the time measurement criteria are met for CR or PR (whichever is first recorded) until the first date that recurrent or progressive disease is objectively documented (taking as reference for progressive disease the smallest measurements recorded since the treatment started). The duration of overall CR is measured from the time measurement criteria are first met for CR until the first date that progressive disease is objectively documented.

  4. Efficacy of AEZS-108: time to progression (TTP) [ Time Frame: up to 2 years ]
    TTP is defined as the time elapsed from randomization to the earliest date of documented disease progression. For surviving patients without progression of breast cancer who begin alternative treatment, TTP will be censored at the last date of documented progression-free status prior to starting alternative treatment. This is expected to be negligible and, if the actual data suggest otherwise, competing risk methods will be used instead of Kaplan-Meier estimates. Similarly, losses to follow up will be censored at the last date of documented progression free status.

  5. Efficacy of AEZS-108: overall survival [ Time Frame: up to 2 years ]
    Overall survival (OS) is defined as the elapsed time from start of therapy to death from any cause. For surviving patients, follow-up will be censored at the date of last contact.

  6. Toxicity of AEZS-108 in this patient population [ Time Frame: up to 2 years ]
    All patients will be evaluable for toxicity from the time of their first treatment with the study drug.



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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Women ≥ 18 years of age
  2. Histologically documented breast cancer (either primary or metastatic site) that is (i) ER-negative (0), (ii) PR-negative (0), and (iii) HER2-negative, defined by IHC (immunohistochemistry; IHC 0/1, non-overexpressing) or FISH (fluorescence in situ hybridization; FISH negative) or CISH (chromogen in situ hybridization; CISH negative).
  3. Expression of LHRH receptor confirmed by IHC on archival (or current biopsy of breast tumor or metastatic site) breast cancer tissue
  4. Progressive disease after failure of 1 to 3 prior chemotherapy regimens for recurrent or metastatic (Stage IV) disease (prior adjuvant/neoadjuvant therapy is allowed)
  5. Measurable disease by RECIST 1.1 criteria; at least one target lesion that has not been previously irradiated.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status > 2
  2. Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia or recent myocardial infarction (within 6 months of enrollment)
  3. Leptomeningeal disease or brain metastases requiring steroids or other therapeutic intervention
  4. Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) < 50 %, determined by echocardiogram or MUGA scan
  5. Compromised organ or marrow function as evidenced by any of the following:

    • thrombocyte count: < 100x109/L
    • absolute neutrophil count (ANC): < 1.5x109/L
    • hemoglobin: < 6.0 mmol/L (< 9 g/100 mL)
    • AS(A)T, AL(A)T: > 2.5 times upper limit of normal range (ULN) (> 5x ULN if clearly related to liver metastases)
    • bilirubin: > 1.5 mg/dL
    • creatinine: > 1.5 mg/dL or creatinine clearance < 40 mL/min.
  6. Systemic anticancer therapy or radiotherapy within 21 calendar days of the first dose of study drug*)

    * also excluded are patients with anticipated ongoing concomitant anticancer therapy during the study

  7. Prior exposure to anthracyclines or anthracenediones for the treatment of metastatic breast cancer including liposomal doxorubicin (Doxil), doxorubicin, daunorubicin, or mitoxantrone
  8. Prior adjuvant anthracyclines with a cumulative anthracycline dose ≥ 300 mg/m2
  9. Ongoing therapeutic anticoagulation
  10. Patients who are not surgically sterile or post-menopausal must agree to use for the duration of the study reliable methods of birth control defined as:

    • complete abstinence
    • any intrauterine device (IUD) with published data showing that the lowest expected failure rate is < 1 % per year, or
    • any other methods with published data showing that the lowest expected failure rate is less than 1 % per year
  11. Investigational therapy within 30 calendar days of the first scheduled day of protocol treatment (investigational therapy is defined as treatment for which there is currently no regulatory authority approved indication).

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01698281


Locations
United States, Florida
University of Miami
Miami, Florida, United States, 33136
Germany
Universitäts-Frauenklinik
Göttingen, Germany
Klinik für Frauenheilkunde und Geburtshilfe
Regensburg, Germany
Sponsors and Collaborators
AEterna Zentaris
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Alberto J. Montero, MD University of Miami

Responsible Party: AEterna Zentaris
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01698281     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: AEZS-108-049
First Posted: October 2, 2012    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: February 21, 2018
Last Verified: May 2013

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Breast Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Breast Diseases
Skin Diseases
Dexamethasone acetate
Dexamethasone
Liposomal doxorubicin
Doxorubicin
BB 1101
Anti-Inflammatory Agents
Antiemetics
Autonomic Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Gastrointestinal Agents
Glucocorticoids
Hormones
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists
Antineoplastic Agents, Hormonal
Antineoplastic Agents
Protease Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antibiotics, Antineoplastic
Topoisomerase II Inhibitors
Topoisomerase Inhibitors