Physiological and Psycho-social Variables of People With SCI Participating in Competitive Rugby in Wheelchairs

The recruitment status of this study is unknown because the information has not been verified recently.
Verified September 2012 by Sheba Medical Center.
Recruitment status was  Not yet recruiting
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Sheba Medical Center Identifier:
First received: September 10, 2012
Last updated: September 27, 2012
Last verified: September 2012

People with Spinal cord injury with tetraplegia suffer from respiratory problem due to weakness of the muscles and because the autonomic system dysfunction.

Exercise is one way of preserving and improving physical fitness and directly and indirectly reduce risk factors such as insulin resistance, weight loss and low values of HDL. subjects with spinal cord injury with tetraplegia have limited options for exercise: table tennis, gym, pool and more. Because of the nature of the injury which includes the sympathetic failure, they can not easily get the desired pulse to improve physical fitness.

Wheelchair rugby in Canada was developed specifically for people with tetraplegia who could not participate in wheelchair basketball. The game combines short, quick races with different aerobic capabilities. Previous studies have shown that participants in wheelchair rugby Improve anaerobic power, oxygen consumption, physical fitness and daily functioning. Wheelchair rugby improves self-confidence and as a result it affects other areas of life. Another study examined sense of self-efficacy, saw improvement in this index for rugby players in a wheelchair at high levels.

In the present study the investigators aim to examine whether regular participation in wheelchair Rugby for a season has more impact than other routine exercise (table tennis, gym, swimming).

Condition Intervention
Wheelchair Rugby Players With Tetraplegia
Other: tests and questionnaires

Study Type: Observational
Study Design: Observational Model: Case Control
Time Perspective: Prospective

Further study details as provided by Sheba Medical Center:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • lung function during rest using a spirometer [ Time Frame: one minute ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Functional testing [ Time Frame: 5 minutes ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    getting on a 6 meters long ramp adapted to the ability of people with tetraplegia (this takes up to 30 seconds). And opening and closing a sliding door.

  • Depression [ Time Frame: 5 minutes ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Beck questionnaire assessing depression

  • Self efficacy [ Time Frame: 5 minutes ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Sense of self efficacy quastionaire assessing self efficacy.

Estimated Enrollment: 30
Study Start Date: September 2012
Estimated Primary Completion Date: September 2013 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Groups/Cohorts Assigned Interventions
wheelchair rugby players with tetraplegia Other: tests and questionnaires
lung test, depression and self-efficasy questionnaires and Functional testing.
other routine sport participants with tetraplegia Other: tests and questionnaires
lung test, depression and self-efficasy questionnaires and Functional testing.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 75 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Sampling Method:   Non-Probability Sample
Study Population

Wheelchair rugby players with SCI with four limbs paralyzed playing and practicing regularly. Season lasts about six months.

Belonging to this group are training and playing regularly twice a week about 3 hours at a time, total of 6 hours per week under the supervision of two coaches who attend every practice and game.


Inclusion Criteria:

  • subjects with tetraplegia who play wheelchair rugby

Exclusion Criteria:

  • suffering from a medical condition that prevents from performing the tests required by the study protocol.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT01696851

Contact: Isaiah Hotzler, dr 0522331480

College of Physical Education Wingate Not yet recruiting
Netanya, Israel
Contact: Isaiah Hotzler, dr    0522331480   
Sub-Investigator: Isaiah Hotzler, dr         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Sheba Medical Center
  More Information

Responsible Party: Sheba Medical Center Identifier: NCT01696851     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: SHEBA-10-8276-GZ-CTIL 
Study First Received: September 10, 2012
Last Updated: September 27, 2012
Health Authority: Israel: Ministry of Health processed this record on May 24, 2016