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Left Atrial Appendage (LAA) Occluders After Catheter Ablation of Atrial Fibrillation

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Meshalkin Research Institute of Pathology of Circulation
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01695824
First received: September 26, 2012
Last updated: July 7, 2015
Last verified: July 2015
  Purpose
The primary objective of this study is to assess combined end point (All stroke, Systemic embolism, Cardiovascular death) between two groups.

Condition Intervention Phase
Atrial Fibrillation Device: LAA occluder Procedure: RFA ablation Drug: Warfarin Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Implantation of Left Atrial Appendage Occluders Concomitantly With Catheter Ablation in Patients With Atrial Fibrillation

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Meshalkin Research Institute of Pathology of Circulation:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • All stroke [ Time Frame: 12 months ]
  • Systemic embolism [ Time Frame: 12 months ]
  • Cardiovascular death [ Time Frame: 12 months ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Technical success [ Time Frame: 45 days ]
  • Procedure success [ Time Frame: 45 days ]
  • 30 day major adverse event (MAE) [ Time Frame: 30 days ]
  • Left atrial appendage (LAA) coverage [ Time Frame: 45 days ]

Enrollment: 96
Study Start Date: December 2011
Study Completion Date: November 2014
Primary Completion Date: November 2014 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Active Comparator: LAA occluder Device: LAA occluder
The procedure is performed under transesophageal echocardiographic (TEE) guidance. After a transseptal puncture is performed, a pigtail catheter is maneuvered into the LAA to perform an LAA angiogram. Through the use of a combination of this angiographic and TEE information, a Watchman device, ranging in size between 21 and 33 mm in diameter, is selected. The device comes prepackaged in a catheter-based delivery system that is advanced into the LAA through a 12F transseptal sheath (outer diameter, 14F). Proper positioning and stability of the device are verified by TEE and angiography before device release.
Other Name: Watchman
Procedure: RFA ablation
The left atrium (LA) and pulmonary veins (PVs) were explored through a transseptal approach. Real-time three-dimensional (3D) LA maps were reconstructed by using a nonfluoroscopic navigation system (CARTO, Biosense-Webster Inc.). The ipsilateral left and right PVs were encircled in 1 lesion line by circumferential PV isolation. Radiofrequency energy was delivered at 43◦C, 35 W, 0.5 cm away from the PV ostia at the anterior wall, and was reduced to 43◦C, 30 W, 1 cm away from the PV ostia at the posterior wall, with a saline irrigation speed of 17 mL/min. Each lesion was ablated continuously until the local potential amplitude decreased by >80% or RF energy deliveries exceeded 40 seconds. The endpoint of circumferential PV isolation was PV isolation; this was confirmed when Lasso mapping showed the disappearance of all PV potentials or the dissociation of PV potentials from left atrial activity.
Drug: Warfarin

Warfarin was discontinued in 45 days after procedure in case of no trombus by TE for "Watchman group"

All patients in "Warfarin group" continued to receive Warfarin during hole study period with IMR from II to III.

Active Comparator: Warfarin Procedure: RFA ablation
The left atrium (LA) and pulmonary veins (PVs) were explored through a transseptal approach. Real-time three-dimensional (3D) LA maps were reconstructed by using a nonfluoroscopic navigation system (CARTO, Biosense-Webster Inc.). The ipsilateral left and right PVs were encircled in 1 lesion line by circumferential PV isolation. Radiofrequency energy was delivered at 43◦C, 35 W, 0.5 cm away from the PV ostia at the anterior wall, and was reduced to 43◦C, 30 W, 1 cm away from the PV ostia at the posterior wall, with a saline irrigation speed of 17 mL/min. Each lesion was ablated continuously until the local potential amplitude decreased by >80% or RF energy deliveries exceeded 40 seconds. The endpoint of circumferential PV isolation was PV isolation; this was confirmed when Lasso mapping showed the disappearance of all PV potentials or the dissociation of PV potentials from left atrial activity.
Drug: Warfarin

Warfarin was discontinued in 45 days after procedure in case of no trombus by TE for "Watchman group"

All patients in "Warfarin group" continued to receive Warfarin during hole study period with IMR from II to III.


  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patient has paroxysmal, persistent or permanent non-valvular atrial fibrillation (AF)
  • Eligible for long term warfarin
  • CHADS score >= 1 (congestive heart failure [CHF], history of high blood pressure, 75 years of age or older, diabetes, prior stroke or transient ischemic attack [TIA])

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Contraindicated for warfarin
  • Contraindicated for aspirin or clopidogrel (Plavix)
  • CHF Class 4
  • Implanted mechanical valve
  • Atrial septal or Patent Foramen Ovale (PFO) device
  • Platelets < 100,000 or hemoglobin < 10
  • Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) < 30%
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01695824

Locations
Russian Federation
State Research Institute of CIrculation Pathology
Novosibirsk, Russian Federation, 630055
Sponsors and Collaborators
Meshalkin Research Institute of Pathology of Circulation
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Evgeny Pokushalov, MD, PhD State Research Institute of Circulation Pathology
  More Information

Additional Information:
Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: Meshalkin Research Institute of Pathology of Circulation
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01695824     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: WA-PR-AF
Study First Received: September 26, 2012
Last Updated: July 7, 2015

Keywords provided by Meshalkin Research Institute of Pathology of Circulation:
catheter ablation

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Atrial Fibrillation
Arrhythmias, Cardiac
Heart Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Pathologic Processes
Warfarin
Anticoagulants

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on June 26, 2017