Apoyo Con Carino: Patient Navigation for Palliative Care

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01695382
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : September 28, 2012
Last Update Posted : February 3, 2017
American Cancer Society, Inc.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of Colorado, Denver

Brief Summary:
Palliative care is a priority area of focus for health care in an aging population experiencing burdens of chronic illness. Despite the evidence-based benefits of palliative care, access remains limited, especially in poor urban and rural settings. Cultural and linguistic barriers may also increase disparities in palliative care for Latinos. Due to a nationwide shortage of palliative care providers and the unique cultural preferences and values of patients, the investigators are testing a patient navigator intervention to improve palliative care outcomes for Latinos with advanced cancer.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Cancer Behavioral: Navigation Not Applicable

Detailed Description:
This project uses a patient navigator to deliver a culturally tailored intervention to improve palliative care for Latinos with advanced cancer in urban and rural communities. The proposed research aims to improve palliative care with the goal of preventing and relieving suffering for people facing serious, complex illness. Palliative care, according to the National Quality Forum and Centers for Medicare and Medicaid, provides patient and family-centered care offered in conjunction with curative and all other appropriate forms of medical treatment. It addresses physical, intellectual, emotional, social, spiritual needs, and facilitates patients' understanding of illness and choice. There is emerging evidence that palliative care may also improve survival for cancer patients. The proposed research also focuses on reducing health disparities. Studies have shown that Latinos are more likely to die in a hospital, less likely to use hospice services, and more likely to have unmanaged pain. This study will recruit 240 Latino patients with advanced cancer from an urban safety net hospital, a National Cancer Institute-designated Comprehensive Cancer Center, and several rural communities (including some of the poorest, most underserved counties in Colorado). Patients will be randomized to either a control or intervention group. The control group will receive written materials covering three important palliative care domains -advance care planning, pain management, and hospice care. The materials, in English and Spanish, are appropriate for patients with low health literacy. Patients in the intervention group will receive the same written materials but will also have a patient navigator who will make 5 home visits to review materials, help patients and families talk about goals/values, and complete an advance directive, all in a culturally and linguistically appropriate manner. The navigator may also help with: accessing community resources, participating in family meetings with health care providers, and offering support to patients and families. The investigators hypothesize that the intervention will increase advance care planning, improve pain management, increase hospice referrals, and patients will have improved palliative care overall at the end of life. The patient navigator model has demonstrated an ability to improve cancer screening, early diagnosis, treatment, and survivorship. Once the investigators demonstrate the efficacy of a patient navigator intervention to improve palliative care for advanced cancer patients, they can disseminate the training and intervention to all patient navigators working with Latino cancer patients.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 223 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single (Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Supportive Care
Official Title: Apoyo Con Carino: Patient Navigation to Improve Palliative Care Outcomes for Latinos With Advanced Cancer
Actual Study Start Date : August 2012
Actual Primary Completion Date : December 2016
Actual Study Completion Date : December 2016

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Palliative Care

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Navigation
Participants randomized to the control arm of the study will receive a packet of written materials that are appropriate linguistically and written for individuals with low health literacy. In addition they will have 5 navigator initiated home visits to review the educational materials and help patients and families address barriers to palliative care through education, advocacy, and activation.
Behavioral: Navigation
As per Arm description

No Intervention: Control
Participants randomized to the control arm of the study will receive a packet of written materials that are appropriate linguistically and written for individuals with low health literacy.

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Improvement in Palliative Care Overall [ Time Frame: 3 months after enrollment ]
    Patient Navigator and Process Measure will capture the less tangible benefits of a patient navigator and help understand the effects of the many activities of the navigator beyond the scope of the prescribed intervention. The questions incorporate aspects of self-efficacy and patient activation (key concepts that patient navigators help improve).

  2. Evidence of Advance Care Planning [ Time Frame: 6 months after enrollment ]
    Chart review to determine if there is an advance directive in the medical record and classification of the type of advance directive (Medical Durable Power of Attorney (MDPOA), Advance Directive (AD), Living Will)

  3. Assesment of Pain Management [ Time Frame: 3 months after enrollment ]
    Pain management will be assessed through patient interviews utilizing the Brief Pain Inventory (BPI). The BPI Long Form (BPI-LF) is a 32-item self-report instrument that assesses the severity and impact of pain in patients with chronic diseases, e.g. cancer.

  4. Hospice Utilization [ Time Frame: 46 months after enrollment ]
    Length of stay in hospice program in days. Data will be collected through follow up phone calls, medical records review, and death records review to determine date of admission into hospice program and date of discharge (through death or dis-enrollment)

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Aggressiveness of Care at the End of Life [ Time Frame: At month 46 ]
    For patients who have died within the follow up period this outcome assesses aggressiveness of care at the end of life using a composite measure comprised of the following: chemotherapy within 14 days of death no hospice hospice within 3 days of death

  2. Change in Quality of Life [ Time Frame: Baseline and 3 months after enrollment ]
    McGill Quality of Life questionnaire (MQOL) will be used at baseline and at 3 months after enrollment. The MQOL is specifically designed for a palliative care population, measuring whole-person concerns magnified by advanced life-limiting illness. It is short, reliable, repeatable, and can be used to determine changes in QOL of groups.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 90 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Stage III or Stage IV cancer (all types)
  • Self-identify as Latino
  • 18 years of age or older
  • Speak English or Spanish

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Lacking decisional capacity
  • Incarcerated

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT01695382

United States, Colorado
San Luis Valley Regional Medical Center
Alamosa, Colorado, United States, 81101
University of Colorado Cancer Center
Aurora, Colorado, United States, 80045
Denver Health and Hospital Authority
Denver, Colorado, United States, 80202
Shaw Cancer Center
Eagle, Colorado, United States, 81632
Valley View Medical Center
Glenwood Springs, Colorado, United States, 81601
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Colorado, Denver
American Cancer Society, Inc.
Principal Investigator: Stacy M Fischer, MD University of Colorado, Denver

Publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: University of Colorado, Denver Identifier: NCT01695382     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 12-0592
First Posted: September 28, 2012    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: February 3, 2017
Last Verified: February 2017

Keywords provided by University of Colorado, Denver:
Palliative Care
Patient Navigation